Lumière Brothers


When the well-known Lumière brothersThey began with the creation and managed to complete the design of their cinematograph in 1895, in the Indien Salon of the Grand Café on the Boulevard des Capucines, in Paris. Most of the technical problems that occurred in filming and showing films had been solved long ago. The French inventors mentioned above were in charge of designing a system that allowed the projection of films in large places or spaces. But at the same time, it was through this that he managed to take the first step towards the creation of modern movie theaters, to which hundreds of thousands of people around the world go daily today to admire the films of their actors and favorite directors. It is fair to say therefore


Who were the Lumière brothers?

The Lumiére brothers , both of French nationality, who were in charge of creating and designing a device known as a cinematograph during the year 1895 which allowed the adequate projection of films in places or large spaces, thus giving way to modern cinemas with the ones we count today.

  • Biography of the Lumière brothers
  • What did the Lumière brothers invent?
  • Films by the Lumière brothers

Biography of the Lumière brothers

Auguste and Louis Lumière, French brothers, were born in Besançon, France on October 19, 1862 and October 5, 1864, respectively, from a small family of minority industrialists , who developed during a time when the capitalist bourgeoisie he celebrated his first victories. Auguste was a shy and withdrawn boy, more like his mother, the Parisian Jeanne Josephine Costille; Louis, on the other hand, was determined and spirited. Without a doubt, it was reserved for him to take initiative and action, while Auguste seemed destined for the role of submissive and obedient comparsa. Both brothers were always very close.


His father, Antoine Lumière, worked in his youth as a painter of shop signs. After a while he moved to Besançon, to be able to dedicate himself to photography. In 1870 he went with his family to Lyon and opened a photographic studio and stopped painting. Antoine sent his sons to study at the Martinière industrial school in that city. Louis’s health was weak and for this reason he did not attend classes regularly. This forced him to spend long periods at home, where he soon became familiar with his father’s activities and cultivated his favorite hobbies: music , drawing and sculpture.for which he was very well endowed. The Lumière brothers’ interest in motion photography began in 1894, when their father brought them Edison’s kinetoscope from Paris . During 1903, the brothers took different directions. Louis stayed behind to work at the Montplaisir factory , he devoted himself to studying color and relief in photography and film , he was the first person to test the large or panoramic screen , he also invented a mixture to prevent the oil from freezing in the aircraft engines during World War I. On the other hand, Auguste, his brother, completely left the cinema and devoted himself fully to studying biology and physiology . He created the Lyon research center , the Lumiere laboratories and devoted himself to carrying out studies on different diseases such as tetanus and tuberculosis . He had a heterodox vision, which is why he was always rejected by most doctors.

What did the Lumière brothers invent?

One of the first inventions of the Lumière brothers was the cinematograph, which was patented on February 13, 1895. During that year, the brothers were able to shoot their first film and it was presented to the public on March 22, 1895. Although the Lumière brothers thought that cinema was an invention that had no future, they made the most of it so that they managed to establish a business, traveling wherever they were needed to film. Another of his inventions was the photograph to Color , which discovered in 1903 by a process called authocrome Lumiére, which was launched 1907. The brothers also contributed to the development of the assembly and editingby putting together four different movies created by them.

Films by the Lumière brothers

  • La Mer (1895)
  • Leaving the factory (1895)
  • Las calaveras (1895, with this film the horror films began in the cinematographic area)
  • The demolition of a wall (1896, while this film was being shot, tricks began to be used in the history of cinema )
  • The irrigated irrigator (1895, and with it the era of comedies began )
  • The arrival of the train (1895, during the filming of this film something very important happened for the cinematographic world and it was that it began with the use of inverse traveling , which allowed us to appreciate the depth of field.

The arrival of the congressmen (Le débarquement des congresistes). This film was made in the year 1895, in it you could see some congressmen getting off a boat. The film was screened a few hours after its filming and is considered to date as the first news program in the modern world .

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