Advertisement

Xul Solar

Advertisement

Xul Solar was an artist who belonged to alternate worlds , inventor of new languages ​​and a great dreamer of utopias . With some dreams of reform and perfecting the universe, Argentine artist Xul Solar invented two languages, a spiritual form of chess, a modified piano, and painted works based on his own blend of cosmic mysticism.

Advertisement

Personal information

  • When was he born:  12/14/1887
  • Where he was born:  San Fernando, Argentina
  • When he died:  04/09/1963
  • Where he died:  Tigre, Argentina

Who is Xul Solar?

He was a famous esoteric artist and creator of new languages who had a utopia centered on the creation of a universal language and who believed that Spanish was already out of date.

Advertisement

Biography of Xul Solar

Xul Solar was born in Buenos Aires in 1887 and died in El Tigre , province of Buenos Aires , in 1963. In 1905 he studied Architecture , a career that he quickly abandoned. In 1912 he began a European tour, which led him to visit various cities. At that time, he came into contact with the work of the German Expressionists . In 1916 he met Emilio Pettoruti , with whom years later, in 1924, he returned to the country. He became interested in theosophy and anthroposophy and deepened his knowledge of astrology.

Advertisement

Installed in Argentina, he made contact with the Martín Fierro group and began a long friendship with Borges. He held his first solo exhibition in the country, at Amigos del Arte , in 1929. Around the 1940s, he created the game bread, a kind of chess based on astrology . In his spiritualist zeal, he invented languages ​​such as Neo Creole and Panlingua , designed to improve communication between men. His works, in addition to the expressionist tint linked to the management of color, are imbued with a mystical-spiritual atmosphere .

Characteristics

The main characteristics of Xul Solar are the following:

  • He likes to work with symbolic elements .
  • He invented different languages ​​such as panlanguage, panachess and mystical architectures.
  • He had a spiritualist conception of the work.
  • He generally conceived of art as a purely means of intersubjective communication .
  • For him, painting was the ideal way to achieve communication between men and images .
  • His real name is Oscar Agustín Alejandro Schulz Solari .
  • He was a great friend of writers who belonged to the Martinfierista generation .
  • He knows about 20 languages ​​such as French, Italian, English, Japanese, Sanskrit, Aramaic, etc.
  • He was very fond of tarot , astrology and esotericism .
  • He had a great inclination towards oriental cultures , religions and philosophy.
  • For him, the numbers were very important, even for some aspects of his private life.
  • He always used the number 12 in his works as it corresponds to a number of the zodiac that influenced his life.

Techniques

The technique used by Xul Solar is based mainly on watercolor on paper and on a pictographic language that he called criollismo.

Works by Xul Solar

Some of his main works are the following:

  • Palaces in Bría : it was painted in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1887. It is a watercolor on cardboard measuring 40 x 56.5 cm. It is exhibited at the Emilio Pettoruti Provincial Museum of Fine Arts , in La Plata. The history of Palacios en Bría contains a lot of mysteries , for example the painting was stolen from an exhibition. According to what they say, the thief would have taken advantage of the fact that the guards were distracted by watching a match between the Argentine team at the World Cup in South Africa. Just the World Cup, which, with its mix of countries and colored shirts , looks like a game invented by Xul.
  • Places : this is a work created in 1919 and it is a watercolor on paper . They measure 9.8 x 23.2 cm and it is a work of drawing on paper.
  • Drago: it was a painting that had flags of some European countries and the United States . The flags seem to salute the triumphant entry of the celestial serpent-dragon that swims above the sea, sustaining the three main religions of the world: Christianity , Judaism and Islam .

Xul Solar Museum

The Xul Solar museum was built in what was at one time the home of the artist known as Xul Solar. It was his wife, Micaela , who ordered it to be built and it was built under a series of guidelines , because for her, her home should become a place for cultural encounters .

The museum was located in the Palermo neighborhood in the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires. It consists of a building that is over a hundred years old. At the beginning, a two-story building was built with its ceilings seized about 20 meters in front by 10 meters deep, on a 400 m2 plot, on Laprida street. There were actually four houses , two on the ground floor and two upstairs.

The renovation and expansion project was designed to interpret the pictorial world of the artist in particular.

From the street, nothing has changed, the facade of the building is still intact. Inside, however, a new architecture takes over that was once the home of the painter and is the only area that remains as it existed at the time Alejandro Xul Solar lived in the house.

At the beginning of the work the house was only half of the land on the site, leaving behind extensive gardens in the center of the block. To accommodate all the necessary units for the museum, such as air conditioners, machines, cafeteria, public services and others choose to occupy the land to complete a ground floor level.

Leave a Comment