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Worker rights

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Worker rights are a body of laws applied to employment , compensation , working conditions , unions, and labor relations . In a broader sense, it includes social security and disability insurance. In addition to relations contract given in the form individually and the situation arising from traditional labor , the labor law is in charge of the requirements legal and collective relations as important in societies that mass produced, the legal relationsbetween organized economic interests and the state, and rights and obligations related to social services.

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What are worker’s rights?

Workers’ rights, also called labor law, is a branch of law whose objective is to guarantee humanitarian work carried out freely and that regulates the types of work and labor relations .

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  • What are the rights of the worker?
  • Characteristics of the worker’s rights
  • Background
  • Story
  • What are the worker’s rights

What are the rights of the worker?

The rights of the worker are a set of basic rights that must exist in the workplace that even exist, from before a hiring for example, not to be discriminated by sex, ethnicity or age. They are a series of rights and also obligations that protect us against some illegalities that occur within the world of work . It is important to know them both by the people who are looking for work, and by those who provide the work. It is, in other words, the possibility that workers have to freely participate in the different activities of production and provision of services.for society and also to enjoy the benefits obtained through these activities.

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Characteristics of the worker’s rights

Some of the main characteristics of the worker’s rights are the following:

  • The rights of the worker are responsible for providing an adequate standard of living in the workplace.
  • It is also considered the right of every person to earn a living through a work that can be chosen so free .
  • They are a series of norms that are in charge of giving protection to working people.
  • It is an important branch of law .
  • It acts on the different human activities that modify the environment and that allow a person to obtain economic goods .
  • It can focus on the relationships that arise from an individual contract between the employer and the worker.
  • It raises two important pillars, everything related to the employment contract , and collective law .
  • It is a modern , unilateral and contradictory law .
  • Has sensitivity to socio-economic changes

Background

The antecedents of the worker’s rights are the following:

  • Roman empire
  • the feudalism
  • Industrial Revolution
  • French Revolution
  • Communist manifesto of labor law.

History

With the Roman Empire it was considered that only beasts and slaves should work. It is for this reason that in Rome there was no Labor Law , despite the fact that agriculture was one of the main activities of the Empire , other activities were carried out by foreigners and no one was looking to legislate such activities. After the fall of the empire, work began to be seen as a social good , a way to sustain itself .

Feudalism was born in the Middle Ages , based on large areas owned by the State where high interest had to be paid to survive. The effort of the workers was divided between the feudal lords and the Catholic Church . Between these two groups were born the artisans who little by little formed unions and in a certain way initiated labor law. With the Industrial Revolution, a new ideology was born in which wealth was not centered on the land.

With the industrial revolution, large factories, markets and machinery were born, which fostered new production systems and new social needs, giving way to competition. In 1971 “ Le chatelier ” appeared, giving workers the right to associate and form corporations without the risk of imprisonment. With the French Revolution , the old labor laws disappeared and liberalism and communism began . In 1940, the communist labor law manifesto was created , the official one of what we now know as modern labor law .

What are the worker’s rights

In Mexico

Labor law in Mexico has contracts that establish the rights and duties of both the workers and the employer. There is the individual work contract, the collective contract and the law contract . The required wage just a day of work right can be daytime, night or mixed, Christmas bonus , vacation a day of rest weekly and profit sharing .

In Spain

They are established in the Workers’ Statute in articles 4 and 5. They are inalienable and among them we can mention free union , collective bargaining , strike , information and participation in companies, punctual remuneration , physical integrity , non- discrimination in employment. job. Training and training on the job, effective occupation and guarantee of the rest of the rights included in the employment contracts .

In Argentina

In Argentina it is the right of every worker not to exceed eight hours worked per day or forty – eight per week, bonus , maternity leave , right to stability in the employment of women during the gestation period , extension of maternity leave , salary later from an accident for three months, vacation .

In Chile

The rights of workers are: right to life and physical integrity , protection of private life , expression of beliefs , freedom of worship , freedom of expression , non-discrimination , compensation , fair wages , freedom of association .

In Peru

Have their General Law Work where rights of the worker such are established as a right to a contract of work, a working day of 8 hours per day, paid leave , safety and health , insurance work, to free association to unions .

In Uruguay

In Uruguay workers are entitled to aguinaldo , rest weekly , breaks intermediate , holidays , schedule job fair, overtime , holiday pay , leave for sickness and maternity insurance, unemployment , sickness insurance and youth employment.

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