There are many types of sports that can be performed in the water and outdoors , one of them is wakeboarding , a sport that has managed to gain thousands of followers worldwide. To be able to do it correctly and safely, it is necessary to know several techniques and fundamentals which will help the professional or amateur athlete to perform the sport without problems.


What is wakeboarding?

The wakeboard is a word that refers to the trail that leaves a boat on which stands the table that will be in charge of bringing the person practicing this sport.


What does it consist of

Wakeboarding is a nautical type activity that consists of the athlete being pulled by means of a rope which is tied to a boat that runs on a motor. It is a type of water ski but it is done on a board very similar to the one used in snowboarding.


Wakeboard Features

Among its main characteristics are the following:

  • It is an adventure sport .
  • It can be done in different places such as beaches , swamps and lakes .
  • It is better if it is done when there is wind and waves .
  • Various types of stunts can be performed in the air.
  • Its main element is the wakeboard .


It is known that the history of wakeboarding began in the 80s but there is still no exact date on its invention or the way it was born or evolved. Many consider it as an evolution that was born from surfing and it is considered that its precursor was known as skurfing . Little by little the boards that were used were improving and more people began to practice the activity. In 1990 , the ESPN network was in charge of transmitting the first competition of the sport and the number of followers increased.

Who invented it

The invention of wakeboarding is attributed to a surfer known as Tony Finn in the mid-1980s.

How to wakeboard

To be able to do this type of sport, it must be taken into account that the athlete must be towed by means of a rope which must be tied to a boat . When the boat starts, the athlete then mounts his board pulled by the rope to be able to make his journey on the wake left by the vehicle and in this time, he will dedicate himself to performing different types of pirouettes in the air.


One of the main fundamentals is to maintain a good position of the grip as it must always be kept close to the hips , when the athlete is positioned behind the boat, the elbows can be straight . Another of the important fundamentals is to master the correct position of the body on the board, the feet must be placed in a lateral position , the upper part of the body must be slightly turned towards the boat and the weight of the feet must be focused. on the back foot.

If the start is made in deep water and the correct position on the board must always be maintained for three seconds. It is also important that before entering the water the position of the fixation is adjusted . To be able to get up on the board, you must maintain relaxation , sit upright and let the board float in front, the arms must be kept straight , the knees bent and the boat must do the work of removing the athlete from the water.

One of the most important fundamentals is to be able to master the correct position of the body, which must have the feet in a lateral position , the shoulders and hips must always be aligned with the table and the weight must be centered on both feet. while pushing the hips on the front foot .


Wakeboard competitions fall into the category of X-Games which are very important competitions at the international level. These competitions are:

  • Brazil Wake Open
  • Nautique Moomba Masters
  • Nautique Masters Water Ski & Wakeboard
  • Nautique WWA Wakeboard National Championships


There are several categories that can be practiced in this type of sport, these are the following:

  • Wakeskating : in this style the rider is not attached to the board in any way, as if it were a skateboard, and that’s where its name comes from.
  • Wakesurf : The rider uses a tow rope behind a boat to get on the board before releasing the trailer and riding the wake of the boat like a conventional wave.
  • Towed or by cable: can be practiced towed by a boat or in a closed-loop cable system.


The basic rules that must be followed in this type of sport are mentioned below:

  • When a trick goes smoothly, the judges add up the scores and when there are falls , penalties are noted .
  • The judges record the points out of a total of 100 points.
  • In the event of accidents during a race that affect the performance of the pilot, he has the ability to request a new race .
  • The broker must make the first round so immediately .
  • In the second lap , the driver has the right to a 5-minute rest .
  • An athlete has two passes to perform a routine and two falls are allowed .
  • The pilot is picked up by the ship after the first fall .
  • If the pilot falls twice , the routine ends there.
  • Towing is prohibited between sunset and sunrise.
  • The pilot must register before an event.
  • The use of a life jacket is mandatory for riders.
  • During the tour, the boat driver and rider must communicate with each other using only approved signals .

Wakeboard techniques

The techniques that must be followed to practice wakeboarding are the following:

  • Posture – You need to find the easiest posture to try the sport for the first time. For beginners, the most stable stance is to set the rear binding at zero degrees and as far back on the board as possible, to give the most control by pressing against the rear fin.
  • For an easy exit , the athlete should stand on his back as if he were in a chair, with his knees between his elbows, while holding the rope and signaling the driver to start.
  • While accelerates boat , keep the edge of the table on top of the water and wait for the body is out of the water before straightening your legs .
  • Once achieved stand, guide the front foot to the front and put most of the weight on the back leg and on the back flap.


At present there is a great variety of different types of wakeboard boards which must be chosen depending on the use that is going to be given to them and depending on the practice , who to do with them. It should also be noted that there are several differences between boards that are designed for boats and those that are designed for cables . Generally, the boards that are bought when starting in the sport tend to be flatter and wider so that they are more stable for the athlete.


There are two basic elements that are needed to practice wakeboarding , one of them is wake, a word that refers to the wake left by the boat while moving forward and the board, which is the board used to slide. It is necessary to have a special rope known as palomier which is in charge of joining the athlete with the boat and giving it resistance.

The life jacket must always be used for safety. A vest that must be light and comfortable. In addition, you need a wakeboard which is specially built with foam and resin as well as a layer of fiberglass.


Lacerations to the head and neck , as well as concussion, may occur as common wakeboarding injuries. When thrown into the water, the strongest impact is usually on the head . A ruptured eardrum from a sudden fall and a blow to the head is also a common injury. The most common injuries in wakeboarding are to the head and face, arms , back and trunk , and legs .

Famous wakeboarders

Some athletes who practice this type of activity

  • Harley clifford
  • Rusty malinoski
  • Steel lafferty
  • Shota Tezuka
  • Scott byerly
  • Randall Harris


Some curiosities of this sport are the following:

  • The first broadcast of a wakeboarding competition was broadcast on ESPN in 1990.
  • When you need to buy a board to practice sports, you must take into account the height and weight of the athlete.
  • The World Wakeboard Association in the United States was founded in 1989.

Leave a Comment