Visual arts


The visual arts are art forms that shape works that are primarily visual in nature , such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, film, and the architecture. Applied arts , such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design, and decorative art, are also included within this category of visual arts.


What are the visual arts?

The visual arts are forms or different artistic expressions that focus primarily on creating different visual works in nature and are enjoyed by the sense of sight and also have the ability to move us.



The visual arts are a set or a group of art manifestations that have a visual nature , by this we mean that they are expressions that reach people through vision . It is a term that is closely related to things that can be appreciated and observed at the same time.


Visual arts characteristics

The main characteristics of the visual arts are the following;

  • The visual arts have harmony , color , balance , movement, and perspective .
  • They have rhythm and texture .
  • They have appropriation through which artists take elements from other currents.
  • The visual artist is multidisciplinary .
  • It feeds mainly on globalization .
  • It also uses aesthetic feedback and cultural plurality .


The origin or starting point of the visual arts is at the end of the Second World War , emerging as a form of artistic expression that sought freedom of expression at that time .


The concept and use of the visual arts was born when the Second World War ended and was a term that was used mainly to name the group of arts that involved visual perception.  It began to develop when artists from Europe emigrated to New York creating a new artistic production with expressive freedom at the end of the 19th century.

Around the year 1980 , the phrase visual arts began to gain strength and began to predominate in the artistic vocabulary , beginning to use me mainly in contemporary art . In the middle of the 20th century, visual art was integrated into sculpture , painting and various resources such as sounds , writing and moving images.

Types of visual arts

There are several types of visual arts among the most common we can mention:

  • Painting:  is the representation by means of pigments mixed with other organic or synthetic substances . You need not only knowledge of painting techniques but also knowledge of color to achieve the desired effect by combining light or pigment colors.
  • Photography : is the process of capturing images to store them in a light-sensitive material medium , based on the principle of the camera obscura , to project an image captured from a small hole on a surface.
  • Printing : is a process used to produce texts and images . The most common is on ink on paper and using a press .
  • Cinema : the type of visual art best known and popular which is a technique that projects frames so fast and forth to create the impression of movement.


Among the most common techniques we can mention the following:

  • Paint : fluid that is applied to a surface.
  • Sculpture : art of modeling objects or figures.
  • Engraving : it is done by means of a plate that is inked.
  • Drawing : presentation of an object on a surface.
  • Photography : the art of obtaining images by the action of light.
  • Video : image recording and reproduction system.

What are the visual arts for?

The visual arts have served many functions throughout history just as they do today. They serve or fulfill an aesthetic , ideological , commemorative , pedagogical mission and as a mechanism to expand reality. They also serve to give the viewer sensitivity , to transform spaces. Visual art in general works as an excellent vehicle for expression. The visual arts are a strong catalyst of emotions, feelings and ideas that generate a catharsis for children and young people.


The visual arts are important to man because it is through them that he is able to develop a better consciousness than one has with respect to art , with aesthetic sensitivity , the vocabulary that we use to be able to express ourselves properly and to be able to understand what we have. others think about art. It also helps to increase the interest regarding artistic activities both of other people like ours.

Artists and sample works

Some of the more seasoned artists in the visual arts are:

  • Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci. …
  • The Last Supper, Leonardo da Vinci.
  • Guernica, Pablo Picasso .
  • Las Meninas, Diego Velázquez .
  • The Starry Night, Vincent Van Gogh .
  • The Scream, Edvard Munch.
  • Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo.
  • Water lilies, Monet.

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