Verbal reasoning


The reasoning is a kind of process of such intellectual and logical to have the human thought . It is a means by which arguments are delivered regarding the mental connections that can justify a certain thought. There are also several types of reasoning among them are the verbal reasoning which allows to develop the capacity that has the human being of reasoning using verbal content.


What is verbal reasoning?

The verbal reasoning is a discipline academic trying to give the speaker the ability to obtain the intellectual means to make proper use of the language and to achieve a positive leverage and process the information .

  • Definition
  • Characteristics of verbal reasoning
  • What is it for
  • Types of verbal reasoning
  • Development
  • Importance
  • Examples of verbal reasoning


The verbal reasoning can be defined as a group of activities mental based on the connection of ideas , following a series of logical rules . It is a way in which you can reason and use logic with content of a verbal and linguistic nature . It is a capacity that the human being has to be able to reason through verbal content, establishing at the same time a series of principles that make it possible to classify ideas, order them, establish relationships and find meanings.


Characteristics of verbal reasoning

Among its main features are the following.

  • It is a type of intellectual capacity that is not always developed by people.
  • It is based on the use of elements and structures of intelligence , either consciously or unconsciously.
  • Its main element is vocabulary and for that reason, when the terms used are imprecise, it can be very difficult to create a reasoning that is considered valid.
  • You need rules and logical principles to be able to establish coherent reasoning.
  • It is also necessary for good verbal reasoning to maintain a logical order.

What is it for

Verbal reasoning serves to achieve develop the capacities of reasoning using verbal content by establishing principles of classification , relationship , order and meaning . It is very useful to be able to properly organize verbal type thinking as well as the human capacity for abstraction and systematization , a couple of skills that are considered very important to improve the analysis and synthesis of many situations that happen in life. everyday.

It is a very useful ability through which it is possible to have a better understanding of the different texts that are read, their analysis, makes it possible for good arguments to be established and also makes it possible to establish a more critical vision for later draw conclusions .

Types of verbal reasoning

There are several types of verbal reasoning that can be used, these are:

  • Reading comprehension : they are a series of questions that present a text passage for analysis , the length of which varies between one paragraph and five. These texts refer to everyday subjects , such as the arts and humanities and the physical, biological and social sciences. They are also based on material found in academic and non-academic books and periodicals, and are likely to prove uninteresting to the reader.
  • Sentence equivalence : they consist of a single sentence , a blank space and six answer options. These questions require participants to select two correct answers that are equivalent and complete the sentence in the same way.


Being able to adequately develop verbal reasoning is extremely important because this type of intellectual capacity plays an important role in the cognitive process of human beings. Several methods can be used to develop it which should ideally start from school stages . Puzzles, word searches, tongue twisters, and riddles are some of the most common types used to stimulate the development of this type of reasoning in children.


Being able to adequately develop verbal reasoning is of the utmost importance because it turns out to be the key to academic development , in fact, it is highly taken into account even in university entrance exams. It is a means by which the human being can develop his logical and orderly reasoning on all the words he uses and then be able to use them properly.

It is also a very useful means for students to develop all aspects related to general culture and thus expand their knowledge . Through verbal reasoning, the individual can develop a more critical mindset that is more reflective and at the same time more creative . Finally, it is possible to improve reading comprehension, the arguments and analysis of situations.

Examples of verbal reasoning

Some examples of verbal reasoning are as follows:

Find the antonym of exodus

  • Trip
  • Immigration
  • Migration
  • Repatriation
  • Extradition

Answer: the word exodus means emigration of a town or of people. The opposite would be the voluntary arrival of people to settle in the country, that is, immigration. Therefore the correct answer would be (B).

The word sacred, profane, reverent

  • Dishonorable
  • Sacrilegious
  • Offensive
  • Critical
  • Indolent

The matrix proposes the antonym relationship between the words sacred and profane, for this reason, the antonym of the word reverent must be chosen (which means reverence or respect). So, the offensive word is the correct one because it is the antonym of reverent.

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