Verbal communication


In the area of linguistics , when we refer to verbal communication , we refer to that type of communication that is made based on verbal language , what we say and what we speak, since this discipline considers the elements that intervene in the communication process as facts and capacities that are closely linked to orality , that is to say, to the capacity that an individual has to generate and understand a certain language which, in turn, is made up of linguistic signs .


What is verbal communication?

Verbal communication is a type of oral communication in which the message is conveyed through spoken words . It is where the sender expresses with his words feelings, thoughts, ideas and opinions through speeches , debates , presentations and conversations .

  • What is verbal communication?
  • What is it for
  • features
  • History of verbal communication
  • Elements
  • Types
  • Media
  • Techniques
  • goals
  • Process
  • Advantages of verbal communication
  • Disadvantages
  • Importance
  • Examples of verbal communication

What is verbal communication?

Verbal communication consists of the use of different sounds and language to be able to convey a specific message . It functions as a vehicle through which wishes , ideas and concepts can be expressed , and which is vital to the learning and teaching processes . In combination with non-verbal forms of communication, verbal communication is considered the main tool of expression between two or more people.


What is it for

Communication has the following uses:

  • Express feelings and emotions , such as moods.
  • It gives more credibility to verbal language.
  • Emphasize the ideas we are expressing through gestures.
  • It also serves to replace words when we use gestures .
  • Guide the way in which verbal messages can be interpreted.
  • It is a way of contradicting verbal language .
  • It is responsible for regulating the communication verbal in the talks.


The main characteristics of verbal communication are the following:

  • It maintains a close relationship with verbal communication.
  • Regulates the communication process , applying or reducing the message.
  • It can vary depending on the culture.
  • The most evolved form of oral communication is articulated language .
  • Use the ear canal .
  • It is short-lived and can be retracted.
  • Use movements and gestures in conjunction with words.
  • It has a fairly diverse and elaborate syntax .

History of verbal communication

The human communication began when our ancestors fought for survival and as a response to his instincts had to pass on to others their impressions , feelings and emotions . In order to communicate at the beginning, they used mimicry , shouts and interjections , which constituted a biological language .

The first hominids used to communicate by means of the hands . Speech then evolved when it was possible to develop the capacity for syntax , which allows sequences of complex configurations in the making , gesticulation and formation of words. In this way we say then, that the history of verbal communication was born in prehistory .


The elements that make up verbal communication are the following:

  • Issuer : is the person or persons who are responsible for transmitting the message.
  • Receiver : is the recipient of the message and is the person who must interpret the meaning of it.
  • Message : it is the most important part of communication. It is the information , opinion, data or thoughts that want to be transmitted.
  • Channel : It is the means to transmit the information.
  • Code : Set of symbols or signs that can be used to express the message and the most used is verbal language.
  • Context : It is the situation in which the sender and receiver are when communication occurs.


There are two different types of verbal communication, and these are the following:

  • The oral communication , which is the type of communication that is performed by signs oral and words spoken or gestural express way.
  • The written communication , which is the type of communication that is done is through paper or through messages .


There are many means by which verbal communication can be exercised, televisions , radio , the internet , the telephone and videos are some of the most common means by which we can transmit the message using verbal communication.


Some techniques that can be followed to achieve adequate verbal communication are the following:

  • Use in an appropriate way the techniques of expression such as movements, displacements and distances; gestures , tones of voice, use of visual aids and technological elements, among others.
  • Properly choose the channel through which we want verbal communication to reach another person.
  • An appropriate language must be used for each situation in which we find ourselves.
  • Watch your gaze , as this is one of the most important aspects of verbal communication.


We can say that the main objective of verbal communication is to provide the necessary tools to function effectively in personal life and in the academic and work environment at the time of sending a certain message . It also seeks to know exactly what is meant and pronounce it in an appropriate tone so that it is well received by the recipient .


The process of verbal communication is done through words , dialogues or conversations . This communication must be clear and precise and we must always be attentive to what we are told. The sender must be sure of the message that he is going to transmit and must use the correct forms to be able to transmit the message. This message travels through the channel , which in this case is the voice of the sender until it reaches the receiver , who, depending on the tone of voice and the words spoken within the context, will understand and interpret the message.

Advantages of verbal communication

Some of the advantages of using verbal communication are the following:

  • This type of language allows us to get answers so instant about the message given to others.
  • This is considered the most basic and economical form of communication as long as people are physically close.
  • It allows you to identify a person even if you are not seeing yourself.
  • It facilitates immediate corrections of the message to the sender himself.
  • It is more natural and spontaneous than other ways of communicating.
  • It allows to exchange impressions on the emitter and the receiver.


Among the disadvantages we mention the following:

  • Not all people think in the same way about the same word.
  • You may have limited coverage .
  • It is vulnerable to being changed by a series of gestures or other auxiliary means.
  • If not speak clearly, it may be that the message is poorly interpreted .
  • If the message is too complex it is not a good form of communication.


The importance of verbal communication is based on is one of the best forms of communication to inform us , in order to clarify doubts or misunderstandings, to fix when something is said in the wrong way, and to provide for feedback , which is very necessary in all aspects of daily life.

Examples of verbal communication

Some examples of verbal communication are as follows:

  • An order.
  • All the best.
  • Conversation on the phone.
  • Political campaigns.
  • Conferences.

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