Valentina Tereshkova


There are many notable women who have existed in the world over the years and without a doubt, one of them was Valentina Tereshkova , an important astronaut of Russian origin who was also the first woman who managed to travel to outer space without even being a specialized astronaut.


Personal information

  • When was he born: March 6, 1937
  • Where he was born: Bolshoye Maslennikovo, Russia

Who is Valentina Tereshkova?

Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman to manage a spaceship , thus becoming the first female to travel through outer space and at the same time becoming a hero of her nation.


Biography of Valentina Tereshkova

Her full name is Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova and she was born on March 6, 1937 in a place called Maslennikovo , a district of the city of Yaroslavl , in Russia . She was orphaned of a father at an early age and when she was eight years old, she began her school life in her hometown. After finishing elementary school, he was forced to work in a textile factory where tires were made because he had to help his family get ahead. When he turned 16, he began studying courses through correspondence because his goal was to one day be able to study engineering.


Valentina Tereshkova had a lot of interest in skydiving and that is why she decided to join an Aeroclub that existed in her city, managing to make her first jump when she was only 22 years old, accumulating a large number of them later. She finally managed to enter the university to continue her studies, which allowed her to be accepted into the Female Cosmonaut Section . She was also appointed as part of the Soviet women’s committee, thus entering the field of politics, also becoming a deputy for the Supreme Soviet .


It is assumed that Valentina Tereshkova has not died yet, she decided to retire from the air force in 1997, and since then, she has lived quietly after the death of her husband in a country house where she is visited by her daughter and grandchildren. . The last news that was received about her life was that she had been admitted to a clinic in 2007 , but no further details of her admission were revealed .


Her studies as a child took them in rural schools in her area. He studied skydiving at the Yaroslavl air club and in 1962 he began his studies and training in the space flight field. She finished her career as an Aeronautical Engineer in 1963.

Valentina Tereshkova’s space race

Her space career began when she decided to enroll in a space program as a volunteer in the Soviet Union and upon meeting all the requirements and expectations, she was elected to become the first woman to travel to space. After a long and quite strong entrenchment that included pregnancy flights, isolations, centrifuge tests and parachute jumps, he boarded a ship to travel to space on June 16, 1963 orbiting the Earth 48 times in the spacecraft called Vostok 6 being the only crew member with only 26 years of age. The flight took off from the Baikonur base and during the flight experienced a series of physical ailments, however, it managed to complete its mission.

After 48 hours of flight, he descended to Earth and parachuted on June 19, 1963 , landing in Karaganda , Kazakhstan, thus becoming a legend in space aeronautics . His trip was the end of the expeditions in the country. He retired from the air force in 1997.

 Because she is famous?

The reason why Valentina Tereshkova is famous worldwide is because she was the first woman who managed to travel to space without having much previous experience in the field of aeronautics, thus becoming the most important woman in the field of aeronautics serving as An example for many women who later followed in his footsteps.


Her husband’s name was Adrián Nikolayev who was also a cosmonaut and they got married on November 3, 1963 in the city of Moscow. After her husband died in 2004, she remarried an orthopedist named Yuli Shaposhnikov .


His father was named Vladimir Tereshkova and he worked as a tractor driver, however, he died during the Winter War in Finland. His mother, worked in a textile plant and was called


He had a daughter whom he named Yelena Andriánovna Nikoláyeva-Tereshkova.

Acknowledgments to Valentina Tereshkova

Some of the most relevant recognitions to Valentina Tereshkova are mentioned below:

  • She was named with the Order of Merit to the Homeland for her great contribution to the conquest of space.
  • Order of Honor for his help to strengthen the scientific, cultural and social union at the international level.
  • Order of friendship thanks to its great public participation.
  • He was awarded the State Prize of the Russian Federation for his humanitarian actions.
  • She was named in the Soviet Union as a Master of Sport and as a Hero of the Soviet Union .
  • One of the lunar craters was also named after him to pay tribute to him.
  • He was awarded the Gold Medal of Peace by the United Nations.


Valentina Tereshkova is considered a heroine of great importance as she was the first woman who managed to travel to outer space, in addition, on her journey, she was able to take a series of photographs that later would help to discover atmospheric aerosols . In addition to making the trip to acquire more scientific knowledge, it was also used as a means of political propaganda by the communist regime in order to show the great power in terms of technology that the Soviet Union had in the space field.

Presence in popular culture

In popular culture, Valentina Tereshkova became, thanks to her feat, a symbol of Soviet equality . She is also recognized worldwide for her great work in the field of international goodwill and her participation in the field of politics is still remembered .


While already in space, Valentina Tereshkova suffered from many headaches and neck pain because apparently the case she was using weighed more than it should, causing her great problems in space. He was unable to feed properly as the supplies were too dry and he was unable to ingest them, yet he never lost his sense of humor.

While on the mission he was able to successfully complete an experiment to test whether the spacecraft could be steered manually instead of using the automatic pilot this to find out if more height and a correct angle of entry to Earth could be achieved in the event that systems will fail.

Quotes by Valentina Tereshkova

One of his most important phrases was the one he mentioned once he had reached space, which said “ Here seagull… I see a blue line on the horizon: the earth . Is beautiful! Everything is going well for the moment ” . Another of her important phrases was made once she had reached the ground and referred to the controversy that her flight had been propaganda: “I will not accept that the flight of the first woman was solely for propaganda because the preparation was a lot… we came here as paratroopers and we became cosmonauts ”he mentioned.

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