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Valentin Gómez Farías

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Valentín Gómez  Farías  was a renowned Mexican politician , a doctor, and an important professor at the University of Guadalajara who supported liberalism. He was in charge of organizing and providing financing to one of the battle groups that participated in the Mexican War of Independence to confront the Spanish.

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Personal information

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  • When was he born: 02/14/1781
  • Where he was born: Guadalajara, Mexico
  • When he died: 07/05/1858
  • Where he died: Mexico City, Mexico

Who was Valentín Gómez Farías?

Valentín Gómez Farías was a renowned politician and physician who was proclaimed as the main leader of liberalism in Mexico in the mid-19th century. A man who managed to establish several social reforms, thereby winning the enmity of the army , the church and a small part of the nobility.

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  • Biography of Valentín Gómez Farías
  • Death
  • Political career
  • Government of Valentín Gómez Farías
  • Liberal reform
  • What study
  • Ideology
  • Contributions of Valentín Gómez Farías
  • Physical characteristics
  • Personality
  • Parents
  • Relations
  • Sons
  • Importance
  • Acknowledgments
  • Phrases
  • Curiosities about Valentín Gómez Farías

Biography of Valentín Gómez Farías

Valentin Gomez Farias was born in the city of Guadalajara , Mexico a February 14 of the year 1781 . The son of parents with Spanish descent, he studied at school, some say that at the Royal School of the Company , although this information is not accurate. He took several courses at different universities to finally study medicine . He did his internship at the Royal Hospital of San Miguel de Belén and thanks to the latter, he was recommended to the Protomedicato Court .

Later, he carried out his practices at the San Andrés Hospital and remained living in Mexico City for several years to later move to the city of Aguascalientes where he managed to work as a doctor for around seven years.

Death

His death occurred in Mexico City , on July 5, 1858 due to a heart problem that he presented. His remains were taken in 1933 to the Rotunda of Illustrious Persons.

Political career

In 1821 , on December 21, Valentín Gómez Farías managed to be elected as the first councilor of Aguascalientes and that is how he began his career in the field of politics, later he was elected a military deputy in the National Congress . In 1822 he moved to live in the capital of the country and there he was part of Congress. Later he decided to change sides and from being a monarchist he became a republican, joining the cause of the Casa Mata Plan.

He worked as a deputy in the years 1823 and 1824 in Zacatecas and it was here that he adopted the ideology of federalism . In 1831 he managed to occupy an important political position within the Congress of Zacatecas and on January 24, 1833, he was appointed as Secretary of the Treasury.

Government of Valentín Gómez Farías

While he was in command of the government, Valentín Gómez Farías managed to carry out different actions that were baptized as the Pre-Reformation and for this reason he is considered the true father of Mexican liberalism . He proposed a law that secularized the missions of the Californias, improved educational reform, and sought the means to remove the church’s monopoly on it. It looked for means to be able to control all the actions that occurred in the government and promulgated a series of laws to achieve the separation of the State with the church .

Liberal reform

Its liberal reform had as its main objective the power to eliminate all the legal bases that had been imposed by the ecclesiastical supremacy , which influenced all civil affairs. In the economic aspect, the assets owned by the Dukes of Monteleone, who were descendants of León Cortés, were passed into the hands of the country, missions were secularized and many of the possessions that the missionaries from the Philippines had were confiscated.

The clergy of the church were forbidden to deal with matters of a political nature and were forced to sell all the goods in their possession that did not represent any kind of profit , profit or economic income. The tithes were no longer required and became volunteers, the votes clergy lost their civil obligation and the Jesuits buildings were ceded to the Federation.

In the field of education , institutions were created that had the function of governing education and of administering all the revenues that were allocated to this matter, new public schools were also opened, the teaching system was promoted and a national library was established .

What study

In 1795, Valentín Gómez Farías managed to enter the San José Conciliar Seminary where he began to study Latin and an arts course provided by Dr. José de Jesús Huerta. In 1800 he managed to graduate as a Bachelor of Arts at the Royal University located in Guadalajara and then decided to study medicine and graduated as a doctor in 1807.

Ideology

His ideology was based on liberalism , a current that sought the development of individual freedom to improve the progress of society. He saw democracy as a form of government that should allow the participation of the people in the political field.

Contributions of Valentín Gómez Farías

Among his main contributions are the following:

  • It established that the church and the state should be separate.
  • He defined the selection of positions within the parishes following the laws of the government.
  • He sought a way to promote internal peace by reducing the number of military groups in the army.
  • He was against the monopoly .
  • He promoted the founding of the Mexican Society of Geography and Statistics.
  • He established the Educational Reform in which education took a new course. Through this reform, the church was removed from teaching and the reins were taken to improve education in the country.
  • Freedom of thought and expression was allowed .
  • The Pontifical University was closed because in it there were groups of people who went against achieving an independent and democratic country.
  • The Directorate of Public Instruction was created, which had in its hands everything related to the education of the Mexican people.
  • It opened more night schools so that young people had greater learning opportunities.

Physical characteristics

There is no recorded physical description of Valentín Gómez Farías, however, in his photographs, you can see a man with gray hair, a pointed nose, a shallow chin, a white complexion and black eyes.

Personality

According to Mexican historians, his personality was always very pleasant, he was a very responsible and educated man and he always wanted to improve himself personally and to help his country develop. For him, progress was of the utmost importance and for this reason he was strong and convinced of the things that should be done to improve the country.

Parents

His father was José Lugardo Gómez who worked as a merchant and his mother María Josefa Martínez y Farías who had Spanish descent.

Relations

He had a sentimental relationship with Isabel López Padilla in 1817 and married her shortly after.

Sons

Five children were born from their marriage: Fermín, Ignacia, Casimiro, Benito and María de la Paz .

Importance

Valentín Gómez Farías was a very important man who left a relevant legacy in the freedom and democracy of the Mexican people. His struggle to change the social and political structure of his country is still remembered and his desire to allow freedom of opinion and the abolition of laws that did not allow the press to express themselves freely will always be commemorated. His struggle to abolish all the privileges of the church managed to establish a clear separation between it and the State, a situation that improved the condition and education of the country.

Acknowledgments

Valentín Gómez Farías was named in 1868 as Benemérito de la Patria . Several schools and colleges bear his name in his honor Plaza Hidalgo and there is also a monument in his honor which is located in.

Phrases

Some of the famous phrases mentioned by Agustín Gómez Farías are the following:

  • The hope of observing the fundamental law is necessary so that it is not illusory any longer.
  • The evil genius , who has been cast among us, has endeavored to spoil the softest inspirations that humanity has.
  • Adopting a more prudent economy , more full of purity and fidelity in the management of flows.

Curiosities about Valentín Gómez Farías

He is known as the Father of the Reformation because he was in charge of promoting initiatives that caused the conservatives to fail. Despite being a fervent and practicing Catholic, he struggled to eliminate the relationship between the state and the church.

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