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Utopia

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When referring to utopia we focus on everything that could become perfect, unpublished and possibly dreamed and unreal, this term that is commonly used by artists and authors has its roots from the Greek compositions οὐ, which translates as no and τόπος which is translated as place , literally means not place, some interpretations of the connoisseurs of the subject explain that this is the clear meaning of the term, since certainly, there is no such place that some authors usually narrate or represent.

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What is utopia?

It can be said that Thomas More was the creator of this word, in the search for the description of the perfect society and the perfect world, he decided to encompass both things in a single term that would distinguish them, it could be said that utopia is a locality , fictional society or community, which is imagined and created better than all those known, with better norms, rules, ideals and values, better people and of course, a better quality of life.

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  • Definition of utopia
  • Etymology
  • Source
  • Story
  • Synonyms
  • Characteristics
  • Utopian societies
  • Other examples of utopia

Definition of utopia

Utopia is defined as that idea, ideology, belief or representation of a perfect, fantastic and ideal land , evolved and blended civilizations to the point of being one and living in peace , however, a project or project can also be called utopia. a doctrine that could be beneficial and suitable.

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Etymology

The term utopia has its roots from the Greek compositions οὐ, which translates as no and τόπος which translates as place, literally means no place , making it obvious that it is something non-existent, that it can never be palpable by human beings or it will be enjoyed somehow.

Source

The origin of the word took place thanks to Tomás Moro , who included it when making his work Utopia , which focused on an effective and ideal political party or doctrine , this story is based on an ideal island, which is governed peacefully but with a constant and firm doctrine, thus showing an idyllic government whose objective is to be a sharp criticism for the political organizations that existed in the 15th and 16th centuries.

History

Progressively over the years the concept is complemented and it begins to be used in different areas, being used in this way not only as a literary genre, but also as an artistic and cinematographic trend and as an idiom.

Since at the moment, the term utopia is used to designate a characteristic to something incredible in every sense of the word, something that is impossible to happen and wonderful but unreal; the evolution that the concept has had over the years has been extremely large and has expanded according to its growth, it has expanded in the same way, knowing that before it was simply based on politics and parties in the same field, currently focuses not only on politics, but also on the personalities of individuals, the economy , interpersonal relationships, the world itself and even the ideal animals or the ideal food. Currently utopia has many variations and is extremely popular, since it encompasses everything that human beings want but cannot obtain on their own.

Synonyms

Because it is such a loaded and controversial term, it has many synonyms, which are the following:

  • Fantasy.
  • Legend.
  • Ideal.
  • Perfection.
  • Delusion.
  • Unreal.
  • Imagination.
  • Fiction.

Characteristics

Utopia has certain characteristics that distinguish it above all things , one of them is the imaginative amount that it can have, fantasy and fiction are one of its main themes, the fact of applying futurism to societies and people , unleashes an ideal parallel reality , which is undoubtedly what utopia seeks, it is innovative and imaginative, unrealities often exist in utopian creations and therefore it is distinguished from other things.

Utopian societies

Utopia from its beginnings was developed in a very peculiar and innovative way, in this style of writing and genre there are many societies , of which some will be mentioned below:

Platonic Republic

This is considered one of the first models of utopian society, this award is due to Plato , who was described as an ideal state, a just state, in which there was no imperfection and in which the shoulders and inhabitants were happy. fully, according to this author the perfect state should be made up of three social entities:

  • The governors.
  • The guards.
  • The producers

In this way, work would be distributed in the same way according to the abilities of the inhabitants, in addition to this, each of these classes would in turn have their own rights and duties within society to ensure the growth and development of the same. .

Religious Utopia of Augustine of Hippo

This author was a Christian, therefore his entire city was based on his religious belief , he called it The City of God , including in this that all carnal actions and seen from earthly perception symbolize the sin that lives in each of the inhabitants of the earth, slaves of the banal passions that the world offers them, so I create a utopia of a religious city , just, clean, peaceful and in accordance with the will of Christ, in which people lived serenely and without they lacked nothing while walking in the father.

In addition to these, which are one of the main utopias, and therefore one of the most famous, you can find what are economic utopias, religious utopias, environmental utopias, political utopias and technological utopias , which also They are part of what is the foundation of this grammatical genre that has progressively gained fame and has catapulted into one of the most popular and used today.

Other examples of utopia

Books:

  • Utopia, Tomas Moro.
  • Brave New World, Aldous Huxley.
  • Republic, Plato.
  • The new Atlantis, Francis Bacon .
  • The city of the sun, Tommaso Campanella.
  • Utopia for Realists, Rutger Bregman.
  • The Iron Heel, Jack London .
  • The trumpeter of utopia, Wells.
  • News from Nowhere, William Morris.
  • The Dispossessed, Ursula K. Le Guin.
  • The conquest of bread, Piotr Kropotkin.
  • Journey to the Underworld, Ludving Holberg.
  • Looking back, Edward Bellamy.
  • From utopian socialism to anarchism , Féliz García.
  • Farewell to utopia ?, Ernst Bloch.
  • Christianópolis, Johann Valentin Andreae.
  • The Commonwealth, Gerrard Winstanley
  • Oceana, James Harrington.
  • Histoire comique des États et Empires de la Lune de Savinien, Cyrano de Bergerac.
  • The Blazing World, Margaret Cavendish
  • La Terre Australe connue, Gabriel de Foigny.
  • Histoire des Sevarambes, Denis Vairasse.
  • Les Aventures de Télémaque, Fénelon.

Films:

  • Paprika.
  • 2046.
  • Akira.
  • Fantastic planet.
  • The family of the future.
  • Gattaca.
  • Equilibrium.
  • Robocop.
  • District 9.
  • I robot.
  • Blade runner.
  • Tron Legacy.
  • The fifth element.
  • The island.
  • Minority Report.
  • Zootopia.

Phrases:

  • In the utopia of yesterday, the reality of today was incubated, just as in the utopia of tomorrow new realities will throb.
  • The utopia of one century often became the vulgar idea of ​​the next century.
  • Utopias are born only within those cultures where a happy age that disappeared is clearly designed.
  • Utopia is the beginning of all progress and the design of a better future.
  • I believe that it is not too late to build a utopia that allows us to share the land.
  • Nothing better than sleep to engender the future. Today’s utopia is flesh and blood tomorrow.

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