Urban art


The urban art is a trend that had one of his great moments thanks to the muralist art developed by the Mexicans , there is born what today we know as graffiti, artistic expression that is mostly seen in walls of alleys and murals on sidewalks.


What is urban art?

The street art or street art , are all those manifestations of human expression that takes place in the streets, which is often illegal, which generates controversy in the population victim of such acts is usually taken in some countries outside the art as vandalism.


What is urban art?

The purpose of this art is to impress the viewer and innovate, with new work bases, new paintings, new themes and endless teachings that the artist wishes to capture at that exact moment.


The street art or street , is nothing more than a method of ephemeral and fleeting expression, the desired artist create in an unusual place, he does, so he rebels , expressing his view and perception of reality, then abandon his art in the streets at the mercy of the expectant public.

Artists are encouraged to delve into this movement because it is a very peculiar way of being creative, adding to this the influence it could have on the public through the specific themes that they address in their drawing.


Urban art originated from the artistic manifestation of individuals in the streets , for the time it was judged and illegal, for which it was considered vandalism in many societies, however, it took relevance when mixed with the historical and social facts that for the time they happened.


In the mid-90s, Street art began to be known, only with another name Post-graffiti , in this way it was called the set of street artists who began to implement various tools and techniques to express themselves, such as such as drawing templates , molds, posters, stickers, murals, among others; the idea was based on resembling graffiti but not being an exact copy of it.

However, everything began much earlier, with political ends in the walls of the city of light, Paris , in the 60s, in this way the population expressed their opinions through actions that violated social norms and the law.

One of the most striking precursors of urban art for the time is the North American Shephard Fairey with his campaign Obey the giant (Obey the giant) that although the original message of his art was never fully determined, he was recognized and honored for his pioneering courage in the artistic trend.

Characteristics of urban art

The main characteristics of urban art are:

  • Spontaneous.
  • Innovative.
  • Confidence.
  • Encourage art in all its presentations.
  • Nurture creativity .
  • Gives teachings on various issues or problems of society.


The different types of urban art that exist are the following:

  • Graffiti: If we talk about clear terminology, graffiti refers to words written on the wall, its conceptualization is due to the fact that at the beginning of the artistic trend in the 60s, what was most relevant to society were small scribbles, letters , or oppositional speeches captured on walls, murals and alleys by low- income adolescents of the US population . These guys used aerosol as their main tool and while they customized the walls and murals of the city they lived in, they used to compete with each other, to see who had the most original, beautiful or creative signature.; Thanks to the various competitions between artists, the firms took more aesthetics and became more stylized, leaving a striking calligraphy as the final product , full of bright and striking colors that the viewer admired.
  • The postgrafiti: At this stage of art , as it becomes more liberal and flexible, it is not limited to rules or competitions, the artist uses abandoned or neutral public surfaces that do not harm him; This style of urban art requires various tools such as templates, paper, posters or stickers that facilitate the artist’s work, thus finishing his work quickly, neatly and discreetly.
  • The specific intervention: This branch of urban art is born from the previous two, although few artists manifest this hybrid style, it has become a controversy for the world that has encompassed this trend, since it consists in the abandonment of the graphic identity, thus giving way to free, isolated and anonymous creations that use all kinds of material, whatever the artist needs.


In urban art, the following techniques stand out:

  • Graffiti.
  • Stencil.
  • Murals.
  • Stickers
  • Templates.
  • Collage.
  • Poster.

Urban art by country


Following in the footsteps of other European countries, such as France , this art was born in Spain in the peripheral neighborhoods of large cities and in their metropolitan areas , in this way it spread throughout the rest of the country. Currently the areas of Spain that are most relevant in terms of the trend are Valencia, Madrid, Barcelona, ​​Pontevedra, Zaragoza and Cuenca.

In the latter, specifically in the San Antón de Cuenca neighborhood , a route of murals full of urban art that runs through the streets and squares of the entire neighborhood is declared heritage.


One of the Argentine representatives of this style of art is Martín Ron , who has made a great variety of murals in Buenos Aires, however, street art was not an easy subject to address or accept in Argentina, different themes had to be used projects and methods for both society and the authorities to support the beautification of the streets in that country.


Since 2012 , the festival of urban interventions made at home has been held in Santiago de Chile , in which artists take their various works and works, thus exposing them to the public so that they can interact and comment on them.


Street art took shape in Mexico at the end of the 80s , since then this trend has been an essential part of the culture and identity of the country, proliferating throughout all areas of this; at present there are various associations and collective companies that are dedicated to the opening of spaces to facilitate urban art.


The main representatives of urban art are:

  • Martin Ron
  • Banksy .
  • John Fekner.
  • Shephard Fairey.
  • Okuda San Miguel .
  • Misterpiro


  • Broken promises, John Fekner.
  • The tale of parrots.
  • Rat with a parachute, Banksy.
  • Girl with a perforated eardrum, Banksy.
  • Peace and freedom , Shephard Fairey.
  • Hope, Shephard Fairey.
  • New monalisa, Okuda San Miguel.
  • Through the glass, Misterpiro.


Below we highlight various books on urban art :

  • Urban art from the five continents, Nicholas Ganz.
  • Anthology of urban art: From graffiti to contextual art, Magda Danysz.
  • Illustrated Atlas of Graffiti and Urban Art, Cristian Campos.
  • Banksy in New York, Ray Mock.
  • Wall writers: Graffiti in its innocence.
  • Talk about street art, Jérome Catz.

Importance of urban art

The relevance of this movement is in the freedom that the artist manages to have, to modify things that in his perception are insipid , adding to his taste color, designs, words and stories that not only change the views of the specific place in which he expressed his art, but also mutates the environment of the area; It must be taken into account that it is an invaluable trend that has been catapulted into the artistic world thanks to its innovation and cultural value , adding to this the decorative touches that the works of this trend give to the cities, walls and alleys in which it is shaped.

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