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United Nations

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The largest and most important organization in the world is known as the United Nations , better known by its acronym UN . An organization that has a fairly complex structure but that at the same time makes it possible to focus on specific issues related to peace , which are also considered to be of international interest.

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What is the United Nations Organization?

The Organization of the United Nations is an entity that is responsible for maintaining peace and security level international fostering friendly relations among nations always based on the principle of equal rights and self – determination of cooperation by the people.

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  • Characteristics of the United Nations Organization
  • History
  • What is your function
  • Structure of the United Nations Organization
  • Member countries
  • Financing
  • Official language
  • Headquarters of the United Nations
  • Importance
  • critics

Characteristics of the United Nations Organization

Some of the most notable characteristics of the United Nations are mentioned below:

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  • It is generally known by its acronym UN .
  • It was created to maintain international peace and security .
  • It is governed by the Charter of the United Nations .
  • Its main figure is the secretary general .
  • It gives special importance to the rights of the human being .
  • They meet once a year or when necessary due to the importance of a topic to be discussed.
  • Their police forces are known by the name of the blue helmets.

History

Its history begins with the creation of the League of Nations , which had been founded in 1919 and which had also failed in its attempt to control and prevent another international conflict of war. It was during World War II, that the President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt , first pronounced his name, on January 1, 1942 in the Declaration of the United Nations .

In October of the year 1944 , representatives of Britain , China , the Soviet Union and the United States met to make decisions and eventually created a proposal on the structure of the organization. The Dumbarton Oaks agreement was then created and with it the creation of 4 main bodies that would constitute the UN organization was established. The United Nations Organization officially began to exist on October 24, 1945 when all the signatory governments ratified it.In other words, it was accepted by congresses or parliaments.

What is your function

The main function of the United Nations is to be able to maintain peace and security at the international level . It is responsible for taking a series of collective measures that prove to be effective in order to prevent and at the same time eradicate any type of threat that may interfere with peace or acts that have the capacity to provoke aggression against it. .

It uses a series of peaceful measures , guided by the statutes of justice and international law . It looks for the means to be able to solve the controversies at the international level that may have the capacity to lead to breakdowns in the peace of the world. It also fosters a series of relations between countries , which are based on respect for equal rights, thus strengthening universal peace , improving respect for the rights of the individual , their freedoms and their peace , without there being any further , No kind ofdiscrimination .

Structure of the United Nations Organization

The structure of the United Nations Organization is as follows:

general Assembly

The General Assembly is a type of representative , deliberative and normative body that also has universal representation since each of its 193 members has a representative. The assembly meets annually where a general debate is held with the participation of different heads of state . In order to pass a decision, you need a 2-thirds majority of the representatives.

Security Council

Its responsibility is to maintain international peace and security . It is made up of a total of 15 members and each of them has one vote but also has veto power. All the States that are part of the UN have the obligation to accept the decisions taken in this Council and its main task is to determine if there is any type of threat that affects the peace and then request the parties involved to search for an agreement using peaceful means.

Economic and social Council

It has the function of being able to study and analyze the different issues that occur in the economy , society and the environment through the constant review of the different policies that can be adapted and then create recommendations. It seeks to ensure that the Development Goals that have been taken from an international point of view are met. It is made up of a total of 54 members who are elected every three years.

Trusteeship Council

Founded in 1945 and its function was to supervise 11 territories that were in trust to ensure that they could prepare for autonomy and independence . Then, on November 1 of that same year and after having achieved its objective, the Council was suspended and later modified the regulations in such a way that they must meet only when necessary.

international Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice is considered to be the main judicial organ of the UN. It is located in the Peace Palace in The Hague , in the Netherlands. Its main function is to find solutions following international legislation on the different legal disputes that are presented by the States and then issue advisory opinions on legal matters.

Secretary

Represented by the general secretary and by thousands of members around the world who are in charge of carrying out the work that has been established by the General Assembly. This secretary is the Chief Administrative Officer of the entire organization and they symbolize the ideals in the interests of the peoples of the world.

Member countries

Countries

In addition to the list of founding countries mentioned below, the following countries are members of the UN: Netherlands, Honduras, Uruguay , Ecuador , Belgium, Afghanistan, Iceland, Sweden, Thailand, Pakistan, Yemen, Myanmar and Israel, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Laos, Romania, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Japan , Ghana, Malaysia and Guinea, Indonesia, Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Spain , Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan.

Senegal, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Mauritania, Mongolia, United Republic of Tanzania, Burundi, Jamaica, Rwanda, Trinidad and Tobago, Algeria, Uganda, Kuwait, Kenya, Malawi, Malta, Zambia, Gambia, Maldives, Singapore, Guyana, Botswana, Lesotho, Barbados, Mauritius, Swaziland and Equatorial Guinea, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Cyprus, Congo, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Madagascar, Niger, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Togo, Mali.

Mozambique, Sao Tome and Principe, Papua New Guinea, Comoros, Suriname, Seychelles, Angola, Samoa, Djibouti, Vietnam, Solomon Islands, Dominica and Saint Lucia, Fiji, Bahrain, Bhutan, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Bahamas, Germany , Bangladesh, Grenada, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde.

Zimbabwe, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Vanuatu, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Brunei and Brunei, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, San Marino, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Namibia, Liechtenstein, Estonia, Marshall Islands, Latvia, Lithuania, Micronesia, Republic of Korea.

Croatia, Slovenia, Georgia, Czech Republic, Slovakia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Eritrea, Monaco, Andorra, Palau, Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga, Tuvalu, Serbia, Switzerland, Timor-Leste, Montenegro and South Sudan.

Founding countries

It was the French Republic, the United States, the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, the Soviet Union and the Republic of China who were in charge of signing the Charter of the United Nations and with them, several countries signed it becoming part of the members founders. These countries were: Paraguay, Peru, Poland, the Dominican Republic, Syria, South Africa, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Iran, Lebanon, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico , New Zealand , Nicaragua, Norway, the Netherlands, Panama, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Chile , Colombia , Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Philippines, Greece, Guatemala, Bolivia, Brazil, Belarus, Argentina ,Australia , Bolivia, Belgium, Saudi Arabia.

Financing

Funding for the organization comes mainly from contributions so voluntarily doing their States members as well as other types of donations. The quotas given by the countries are established taking into account the strength and size of each of the national economies .

Official language

The UN adopted a total of six official languages ​​which include Arabic, Chinese, English, Russian, French and Spanish . This multilingualism enables proper communication between the Member States.

Headquarters of the United Nations

The headquarters of the United Nations Organization is located in New York City , United States . It also has three headquarters worldwide, one in Geneva , one in Vienna and one in Nairobi .

Importance

The UN It is considered one of the most important organizations that exists in the world because it has the capacity to offer the possibility of creating mediations in a frontal and transparent way , aspects that are fundamental in the resolution of institutional conflicts or to prevent wars.

It is an organization that also carries out an important intervention in terms of contribution of funds in order to face the different natural tragedies that occur and organize the different rescue assistance efforts. A large part of the funds that this organization owns are destined to educational scholarship plans and other aspects that improve the quality of life of the inhabitants.

critics

The United Nations Organization has been exposed to various criticisms which originate mainly because on some occasions its members can not agree on the role they should occupy in the organization. On some occasions, the rules have not been clear to everyone and this has been seen as an inclination by the organization towards the countries that have more power . In addition, there is a permanent veto by the strongest countries , which can make it difficult for them to act.

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