Underdeveloped countries


In the world there are many countries that have the status of underdeveloped and they live around 84% of the world population , representing only 19% of the world Gross Domestic Product . The qualification of developed, developing or underdeveloped countries is determined through the HDI human development index , a measure used by the United Nations that takes into account five fundamental elements in all countries. These are: life expectancy, mortality rate, literacy, education and standard of living in relation to purchasing power.. At present, most of the developed countries are located in the African and Asian continents, with very significant differences in relation to the developed countries. However, many underdeveloped countries are mobilizing efforts to improve their per capita income in order to obtain developing country status. Despite these efforts, there are still differences between rich (or developed) countries and poor (or underdeveloped) countries that are evident by the increase in inequality between these two types of nations and the income they produce.

What are underdeveloped countries?

Underdeveloped countries are nations that have chronic poverty generated by production methods and a social organization that do not respond to the needs of their population . Underdeveloped countries are also called poor countries because they have lower per capita incomes than countries like the United States, France, Germany or Japan. More than 80% of the nations of the world have the status of underdeveloped countries.

  • Definition
  • Characteristics of underdeveloped countries
  • What are the underdevelopeds countries of the five continents
  • Importance


The definition of underdevelopeds countries is related to per capita income in relation to developed countries , poverty levels, production methods and social organization, and quality of life.


In this vein, the UN defines underdeveloped countries as nations that do not make good use of their labor, their capital and their literal resources, but with a view to offering their inhabitants a higher standard of living .

Developed countries are the nations have the per capita income that determine whether a country is developed or not.

Characteristics of underdeveloped countries

Among the most representative characteristics of underdevelopeds countries we can mention the following:

  • A large percentage of the population is in a state of poverty or critical poverty.
  • High levels of corruption, violence, illiteracy and unemployment .
  • There is a political and economic elite.
  • Low human development.
  • The low per capita income of its population in relation to developed countries.
  • Very marked income inequality between social classes .
  • Poor transportation infrastructure.
  • Malfunction of public institutions.
  • Low growth of investment and economic activities.
  • Low access to higher education .
  • Internal conflicts at the social and governmental level manifested in strikes, civil wars, authoritarian rule, etc.
  • High infant mortality rates and little social security coverage.
  • Excessive rate of corruption.
  • Low budget for science and technology.
  • High external debt .
  • Dependence on technological and natural resources from third countries.

What are the underdeveloped countries of the five continents

Next we will present the underdevelopeds countries of the five continents.

Underdevelopeds countries of Africa:

  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Burkina faso
  • Burundi
  • Cape Verde
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Central African Republic
  • Congo
  • Djibouti
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gambia
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Mozambique
  • Nigeria
  • Rwanda
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • Sudan
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • Zambia

Underdevelopeds countries of America :

  • Haiti

Underdevelopeds countries of Asia:

  • Afghanistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Maldives
  • Burma
  • Nepal
  • Yemen
  • East Timor

Underdeveloped countries of Europe :

In Europe there are no countries classified as underdevelopeds but rather in the status of developing countries.

Underdeveloped countries of Oceania :

  • Kiribati
  • Samoa
  • Solomon Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Vanuatu


It is important to know which are the underdevelopeds countries to become aware of the problems that exist in these nations and seek solutions that raise their level of production and organization in order to generate better income that will allow them to advance to the status of developing countries.

Likewise, it is important to mention that for many developed countries, underdevelopeds countries generate labor and raw materials at low cost that serve them for the development of many products in international companies as well as contribute to the economic activity of poor countries.

Currently, many underdevelopeds countries are designing alliances and strategies to raise their level of human development index , optimizing economic growth to change their status from poor country to developing country status.

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