The typhoon is one of the most worrying and famous natural phenomena in history, it is also discriminated or distinguished by the name of cyclone , in the same way, it becomes popular in the mouths of the populations since it is often confused with hurricanes.


What is a typhoon?

Typhoon is a natural phenomenon which in the field of meteorology is distinguished by being a tropical cyclone , which means that part of a stormy environmental system, which generally occurs close to the ozone layer, is characterized by extracting its energy and power from humid air condensations, rotating around an axis or an epicenter , thus forming a closed circulation , which is why it has its name. These natural phenomena most of the time produce heavy rains and unstable wind currents.

  • Training
  • features
  • Stages
  • Causes
  • Movements
  • Effects edit
  • What to do in the event of a typhoon
  • How is it different from a hurricane
  • Examples


Typhoons are formed based on condensations of humid air that gradually accumulate, generally located in the northern hemisphere of the ozone layer with lengths that vary between 100 degrees and 180 degrees , the condensations of humid air accumulate slowly and rotate around an epicenter at a slight speed and in a cyclical way, thus causing heavy rains and unstable winds ; the places where these natural phenomena occur are mostly called basins .


And although typhoons are confused with hurricanes, the truth is that they are not the same since they are distinguished thanks to the location in which they occur , hurricanes start from storms that occur in the Atlantic Ocean and typhoons are currents of cyclical humid air that is condensing presented in the Pacific Ocean.


Typhoons are easy to discriminate , however, if the location of the typhoon were not recognized, a recognition of this natural phenomenon could not be made, therefore some of the essential characteristics that they present will be presented below:

  • Part of a condensation of humid air.
  • They have a length that varies between 100 degrees and 180 degrees.
  • It constantly moves around a specific axis.
  • It is also recognized by the name of a tropical cyclone .
  • It has a specific location, which is to the northern hemisphere in the ozone layer by the Pacific Ocean.
  • This causes heavy rains and uncontrolled winds.


Typhoon is not divided into specific stages , however, has several classifications enjoin according to their intensity , these were designated by the Meteorological Agency of Japan and are as follows:

  • Violent typhoon: Its sustained winds are greater than or equal to 105 knots.
  • Very strong typhoon: Its sustained winds vary between 85 and 104 knots.
  • Typhoon: Its sustained winds are between 64 and 84 knots.
  • Severe tropical storm: These vary between 48 and 63 knots.
  • Tropical storm: This has an intensity that varies between 34 or 47 knots.
  • Tropical depression: This being the lowest intensity classification given to typhoons, it is equal to or less than 33 knots.


Some scholars blame environmental pollution for these phenomena, however, meteorologists affirm that it is a natural process through which the ozone layer passes due to the condensation of the air, many affirm that the mist is what causes these, however, the scientific reason that is taken into account is the one that meteorologists have given.


They are characterized by being a condensation of air that rotates cyclically around an epicenter or an axis , its movement therefore is circular and goes in an anti-clockwise direction.

Effects edit

Some of the most common effects of typhoons are as follows:

  • Heavy rains.
  • Uncontrolled winds.
  • Floods, if the case is extremely severe.

What to do in the event of a typhoon

The recommendations that stand out the most when a typhoon occurs is to collect all the supplies you have and first aid measures, move away from the coasts and protect yourself in the basements of the houses in case you have them.

How is it different from a hurricane

Both are distinguished by the location in which they occur, hurricanes start from storms that occur in the Atlantic Ocean and typhoons are cyclical humid air currents that are condensing presented in the Pacific Ocean.


  • Typhoon Bhola. Bangladesh 500,000 dead (1970)
  • Typhoon of Calcutta. India and Bangladesh. 300,000 dead (1737)
  • Typhoon of Coringa. India. 300,000 dead. 1839.
  • Typhoon Haiphong. Vietnam. 300,000 dead. (1881)
  • Typhoon Nina. China . 229,000 dead (1975)
  • Great Cyclone of Backerganj. Bangladesh 200,000 dead (1876)

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