Some people have a strong aversion and anxiety when they see certain types of patterns or geometric shapes such as bubbles in a coffee cup, holes in a sponge, or holes in cheese. It is a different phobia from other types of specific phobias such as the one that feels towards snakes or heights. It is known as trypophobia , a state that produces in those who suffer from it, a painful emotional reaction when they see seemingly bland images of groups of objects, in particles, holes or holes.


Trypophobia is the phobia that is felt towards certain types of images, such as small holes or certain agglomerated geometric patterns . For example, a hive of bees, lotus seeds or bubbles can cause aversion or fear in those who suffer from this type of phobia.


What is trypophobia?

Trypophobia, also known as recurrent pattern phobia or fear of holes , consists of extreme rejection of certain patterns composed of clustered or crowded geometric figures, particularly as small holes.


The term trypophobia comes from the Greek word “trypo” which refers to drilling holes and from the word “phobia” which means fear . Although at the moment, it is not a phobia registered in the main diagnostic manuals, certain studies have verified that there is an excessive fear of images of small holes closely linked together, such as those that can be observed in fungi, corns or in lotus seeds.


Some studies have set out to study the cause of trypophobia and have found a correlation with dangerous or poisonous animals . Indeed, there are toxic animals such as certain snakes or the blue-ringed octopus that have clusters of circular shapes on their skin. Apparently, this phobia would be a replica of an ancient survival instinct preserved by evolution .

The results thus suggest that there could be a part of our brain that warns us if we are facing a poisonous animal. Thus, by association, objects that share the same visual characteristics as these animals can provoke a phobic reaction.

Likewise, these studies are based on the hypothesis according to which trypophobia would be an exaggerated anxiety reaction, generated by evolution and linked to infectious diseases and parasitism . In fact, many infectious diseases manifest themselves in round shapes on the skin: chickenpox, lechina, rubella, typhus or scarlet fever. Similarly, many ectoparasites produce round shapes on the skin.

However, it should be noted that research in this regard should continue to deepen more about this phobia.


People with trypophobia generally have the following symptoms to a greater or lesser degree:

  • Migraines
  • Shaking chills.
  • Crisis of panic.
  • Itch.


It should be noted that to make the diagnosis of all types of phobia, it must have certain characteristics, such as those indicated below:

  • Excessive fear produced by the presence of a particular object or situation.
  • Irrational anxiety in response to the presence of the phobic stimulus.
  • Recognition of the irrational or exaggerated fear by the person suffering from the phobia.
  • Desire to flee or avoid the phobic stimulus at all costs, which generates interference with the person’s daily life.

Obviously, in the case of trypophobia, the phobic stimulus would be the presence of images with geometric shapes, especially circles, closely linked or agglomerated together.


The main method in the treatment of trypophobia consists of desensitization towards this phobia in order to restore a balanced and harmonious physical and mental state.

Likewise, there are psychological correction and replacement methods that eliminate the obsession with fear of the images that cause trypophobia . For example, calming images can be alternated with images containing the phobic stimulus. This apparently helps change thinking, removes aversion, and restores peace of mind.

On the other hand, if the patient suffers from an intense form of trypophobia and presents paralysis, seizures, severe headaches, among other more serious symptoms, care is prescribed in a health center with the use of sedatives and anticonvulsants .

Trypophobia on the skin

Trypophobia in the skin refers to the fear or repulsion towards skin lesions that have patterns with certain geometric shapes . It should be noted that it is not something common to see in people.

Trypophobia in dogs

Trypophobia in dogs is a condition also known as myiasis or in popular worm language. Indeed, this condition in dogs affects the skin of the animal due to the presence of larvae or worms. The person who suffers from trypophobia will have serious difficulties in caring for their dog if it were to suffer from this disease, since it would not support the image of the animal’s tissue, affected by the worms.

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