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Tropical climate

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The tropical climate is the climate that is located in the areas of the planet that are between the tropics . Characterized by high temperatures and by the little difference between these in their seasons of the year, it shows two very different seasons: a rainy season and a dry season and at the same time opposite because the rainy season is generally in the summer and the dry in the winter. . The abrupt transition from the dry to the wet season and vice versa is also one of the main characteristics of this type of climate.

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What is the tropical climate?

The tropical climate is a type of climate that is typical of the tropics and that is characterized by having only two well-defined climatic seasons, a dry season and a wet season .

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  • Characteristics of the tropical climate
  • Types of tropical climate
  • Fauna
  • Flora
  • Temperature
  • Precipitation
  • Where is the tropical climate?
  • Countries with a tropical climate

Characteristics of the tropical climate

The main characteristics of this type of climate are:

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  • There is a high frequency of upward winds that produce rain clouds .
  • It only has two seasons a year: one wet and one dry .
  • They have the presence of monsoons .
  • Its rains are abundant.
  • It has a humid tropical forest that is always green.
  • It has a great variety of flora and fauna.

Types of tropical climate

The types of tropical climate that exist are the following:

  • Tropical rainy climate : it is found in regions near the Equator or in its vicinity, also known as the equatorial climate and is hot and humid .
  • The tropical monsoon climate : located in the western coastal regions of Africa , the northeast coast of South America, and the western coasts of India and Burma,
  • Humid -dry tropical climate : with alternating dry and humid seasons , located in the high subtropical pressures and low equatorial pressures. Its vegetation is the savannah .
  • Semi- arid and arid tropical climate : found in the 20-30º N and S latitudes of Ecuador , and in the high subtropical pressures . Their temperatures are similar, but they are higher in the arid climate, with large thermal amplitudes, in addition to not being influenced by maritime air masses, being characterized by low rainfall.
  • The altitude tropical climate : found in areas of higher altitudes or mountainous areas , its rains occur with greater intensity in the summer.

Subtypes

There are several subtypes of the tropical climate, among them we mention the following:

  • Monsoon – Found in the southern and central regions of America and in the southeastern and southern parts of Asia, as well as parts of Australia and Africa. Influences of the winds, the drier climate of the tropical monsoon occurs shortly after or at the solstice ‘winter’. The precipitation is generally less than 2.4 inches and is the result of the monsoon winds that change direction depending on the season.
  • Savannah : predominates most of the year, the wet season being very short, but with very abundant rains. It is a transitional climate between the humid tropical and the desert climate . It is very hot during the year, although it presents a greater thermal oscillation than the humid tropical one. It is also very similar to the dry subtropical (desert) climate.

Fauna

Animals that live in this type of climate have very bright colors , such as parrots. Many live in trees , but are found in swamps or rivers , like anaconda snakes or reticular python. There is a great variety of mammals , such as monkeys, sloths or some cats , such as tigers, leopards or jaguars, and fish and amphibians such as carnivorous piranhas, the giant marine toad, dolphins or the red-eyed green frog that attracts so much attention. .

Flora

As there are a lot of nutrients in this type of climate, plants have the opportunity to reach incredibly high heights, in fact, they can reach up to 60 meters.

It generally has a very thick vegetation that grows in two different layers. The canopy , or also called the top layer , has trees that can grow to astonishing heights, as high as 250 feet or more where large numbers of vines can also be found . The next layer has smaller trees, palms , orchids, and ferns . Due to the dense canopy of the trees, little sunlight reaches this layer so only plants that can tolerate little light grow in this layer.

Many houseplants come from this layer. They can also be used in homes because, like the jungle, a home provides plants with the reduced light levels they are used to. The jungle floor has few plants because the vegetation above does not allow sunlight to enter them. Rainforests make up one of the most diverse plant ecosystems on the planet, and scientists continue to find new plant life. Some examples of flora are:

  • Cocos nucifera ( coconut tree )
  • Ficus benghalensis ( strangler fig )
  • Mangifera indica ( mango )
  • Persea americana ( avocado )
  • Durio zibethinus ( Duran )

Temperature

Rainforests are quite warm places , where temperatures are around 80 degrees Fahrenheit practically all year round and which fluctuate a bit during a given month or year. These fluctuations occur to a greater degree in the daily temperature and not in the monthly or annual temperature .

The areas with a humid tropical climate do not have frosts at any time of the year and the average temperature remains above 18º C.  This means that it does not have four different seasons like those that exist in temperate regions , where they differ from right way spring, summer, fall and winter . It should be added that the temperatures in the day are very high to the point that the daily thermal oscillation can exceed the annual thermal oscillation .

Precipitation

High temperatures throughout the year cause intense warming of the earth’s surface. This warming produces the formation of large cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds every day, which occurs more frequently in the afternoon. These clouds are responsible for generating storm activity almost every day. For this reason, rainforests receive approximately 103 inches of rain a year, with rain falling year-round and humidity ranging from 77 to 88 percent every day.

In addition, we can find monsoons in the tropical climate . The monsoon is a seasonal wind that produces large amounts of torrential rains and floods . There are two types of monsoons: summer and winter , because the wind changes direction in each of them.

Where is the tropical climate?

The tropical climate can be found in areas that are close to the tropics . It is found mainly between the equatorial zone and the tropics of cancer and capricorn in a strip that is located on both sides of the equator , which is geographically located between 23 ° north latitude and 23 ° south latitude, about.

Countries with a tropical climate

Some examples of countries that have a type of tropical climate in America are the following: Brazil, Panama, Costa Rica, Colombia , Venezuela, Mexico , Nicaragua. Some countries with a tropical climate in Asia are: Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines, Vietnam.

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