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Trampoline Gymnastics

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The trampolining is a sport within the branch of the gym it is one performing different exercises on devices made of elastic , where the stunts that can be performed are the main guidelines are taken into account when qualify. It is a sport that is practiced within the Olympics , highly competitive in which gymnasts must perform acrobatics in the air when they are propelled with their own strength when jumping on a trampoline . These movements involve a wide range and can include anything from simple jumps to the pike position.tuck or straddle to even more complex and elaborate combinations of back and forth somersaults and twists.

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Trampoline Gymnastics

It is an Olympic sports discipline that is based on jumping on a very resistant elastic and that, during the jump, the athlete performs different turns , jumps and acrobatics in a perfect way. They must propel themselves with their own strength through their legs and reach great heights.

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What is trampoline gymnastics?

The trampoline gymnastics routine consists of making 10 contacts with the trampoline, always starting and ending in the feet, the participants can have a rebound to control themselves before landing and then, they must remain immobile for three seconds. Three postures are recognized during the jumps: tucks that involve keeping the knees close to the chest, squats that involve keeping the arms and legs in a straight position, and finally keeping the body bent . To achieve better scores you must perform different combinations of twists and somersaults , all of them looking for differentpositions . The more difficult the jumps have, the higher the score will be given by the jury. All athletes must include a single or double somersault in the jumps , including a minimum turn of 540 degrees. It also consists of performing a backward or forward somersault , also including twists or they can be excluded.

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What is trampoline gymnastics for?

Some benefits of trampoline gymnastics are the following:

  • They strengthen the muscles , cells and bones of the human body, improving physical condition .
  • Increases the body’s metabolism , increases blood circulation making the heart work better.
  • It works perfectly to improve respiratory function .
  • Detoxifies the body as the lymphatic system is highly stimulated during exercise.
  • Strengthens the joints and ligaments of the body. It is very good for people with arthritis.
  • The oxygen can flow more easily through the body cells.
  • Helps you maintain blood pressure
  • Helps reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels .
  • It considerably improves the processes of digestion and elimination of waste .

History of trampoline gymnastics

The sport of trampoline gymnastics was founded in 1934 by American gymnasts George Nissen and Larry Griswold , who created the first modern trampoline at the University of Iowa . At the beginning, this trampoline was used to train astronauts , so that they knew the different effects of being in an environment without gravity. At the beginning, the trampoline was used in traditional gymnastics until, in 1948, the first championship using the apparatus was held. In 1955, the trampoline fashion managed to reach Europe promoted by Kurt Bachler and Germany throughFrankfurt on the Main , which founded the first International Trampoline Federation , on March 4, 1964. That same year, the first World Championship was held for the first time , which took place in London and has since been used in different world championships and olympic games.

Technique

The technique used for trampoline gymnastics involves the use of all muscle groups , mainly the upper and lower body. The techniques must be performed following an established order and there is no time limit for the performance of each exercise. The techniques used should not be repetitive. The athlete must enter the appliance must cushion through muscle contraction , the coupling and concentric contraction, must make an expulsion so activeand then a passive expulsion in which the same apparatus is responsible for returning the force that the athlete used at the beginning.

Rules of trampoline gymnastics

Some of the most important rules are:

  • If there is a tie, the score of the judges must be added including the marks of all of them.
  • Techniques must be performed in a specific order.
  • If it is a free exercise, the judges must be notified of the techniques they are going to use.
  • Techniques cannot be repeated.
  • The gymnast should finish the exercise in a straight position with both feet resting on the trampoline.
  • Score will be reduced if instability is observed in the athlete.

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