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Tiberius

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The history of Rome and its empire is full of a series of important events and characters that made this period a time full of changes in culture , politics and society . After the Roman expansion , a new important name arises in the area, Tiberius , an emperor who came to occupy his position and who belonged to the Julio-Claudian dynasty .

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Personal information

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  • When was he born: 11/16/42 BC
  • Where he was born: Rome, Italy
  • When he died: 03/16/37 AD
  • Where he died: Miseno, Italy

Who was Tiberius?

Tiberius was the successor emperor of Augustus . An emperor who came to the throne not because he actually wanted to but because it was his duty so he ruled so unhappy during his entire life .

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  • What did
  • Biography of Tiberius
  • Death
  • Government of Tiberius
  • Physical characteristics
  • Personality
  • Importance
  • Acknowledgments
  • Tiberius works
  • Phrases
  • Presence in popular culture
  • Curiosities

What did

Tiberius was the man who held the position of emperor after Augustus passed away . He was a very important and intelligent strategist , however, he did not want to govern so in the end, he decided to flee from the problems and complications that politics had brought to his life. Later he returned to Rome and after being adopted by Augustus, he became emperor.

Biography of Tiberius

Tiberio was born in the city of Rome one day 16 November 42 BC when he was just a child, his mother, Livia decided to divorce his father and later married Octavio . His father, Claudio Nero , died when he was just a child. Due to the death of his father, he had to mature more quickly and began his military and political career at a very young age . He was very intelligent and also an excellent strategist so from his youth, Augusto set his eyes on him to be his successor for what he was sending to Hispania to learn and practice.

After a while, Augusto decided to put him in charge of various administrative tasks as he was a very responsible man and he dedicated himself to supervising and distributing the grains . He managed to rise in the army very easily and managed to win several battles including the submission of Armenia under the influence of Rome. Augustus decided to grant his only daughter in marriage, Julia the Elder , however, Tiberius did not want to marry her and for this reason, he repudiated her from the first moment because he was in love with Vipsania .

He retired from public life because he was tired of marriage and his unhappy life, then he returned to Rome and was finally adopted by Augustus who shared with him the title of princeps so that after Augustus’ death, he became his successor. .

Death

Tiberius decided to leave Capri in the year 37 to return to Rome to spend his last days in the place, however, on the way he made the decision to return to Campania. On the way, he began to feel ill and stopped at Miseno . On March 16, he entered a coma- like condition and was considered dead, however, he woke up after days but many had already acclaimed Caligula as the new emperor .

Some affirm that he died of natural causes , however, there are those who assure that he was assassinated by Calígula or Macron . Some historians affirm that, after his period of coma, he woke up asking for food and water but that Macron ordered him to be drowned with water and clothes . He died at the age of 77 . Another version of his death says that he was poisoned and some theories refer that he was deprived of food .

Government of Tiberius

His period began in AD 14 when he was 56 years old. When he came to the government, he was very careful of appearances because Rome was anti-monarchical and the emperor had to behave not like a king but like an exemplary citizen . He was in charge of transferring the Senate to the popular assemblies and this helped him so that trusted people could make decisions.

He was a ruler who managed to bring greater prosperity to the provinces and who also could not bear those who flattered him and then insulted him. His only trusted man was Sejano , however, he also criticized the emperor which made him fall from grace. He was sentenced to death and Tiberius killed several of his friends and family, then Sejano’s wife wrote him a letter in which she said that her husband had been the perpetrator of the death of the heir to the throne.

Faced with this assertion, Tiberius lost his head and began to vent all his anger against the people, he ordered a series of massacres and the social classes began to fall into corruption , immorality and depravities .

Physical characteristics

There is no exact description of his physical appearance .

Personality

He was a very intelligent man who had great planning skills . His character was a bit sullen , serious and even erratic . The sadness was always on his side and disappointment, in fact it was described as ” sad man ” by many Roman writers. He was characterized by being very reserved and also melancholic , he was a man of culture and also very intelligent . It is also said that his personality was double , on the one hand he was fair , benevolent and very capableon the other hand, he was a tyrant who repudiated flatterers.

Importance

Tiberius was a very important figure in the development of the Roman Empire . He was the second Roman emperor and preserved the legacy of Augustus, managing to define the role of the emperor, especially the imperial cult . In turn, he was a talented administrator who contributed greatly to stabilizing the empire and endowing it with good governance. The heir of Augustus was also a brilliant military commander who managed to expand the empire and endow it with a defensible frontier .

In addition, Tiberius participated in the development of what became known as the imperial autocracy . This helped bring about a major change in the system that had been envisioned by Augustus, from an association between the Emperor as the first of the citizens to one in which they were the absolute rulers of the Roman world.

Acknowledgments

In his honor the Ace of Tiberius was made , which shows the effigy of the emperor crowned with a laurel and with a legend that said “AVG-CAESAR DIVI AVG F”.

Tiberius works

Some of his main works are mentioned below:

  • He managed to cross the Rhine and inflicted several major defeats on the Germanic tribes .
  • Tiberius developed a new bureaucracy to better manage the treasure . He undertook to reduce unnecessary spending and ended the ambitious program of construction of Augustus in Rome.
  • Tiberius ordered the governors of the Roman provinces not to demand excessive taxes from the settlers.
  • It made the Roman provinces prosper and laid the foundations for the great economic and social flourishing of the Empire in the 1st century AD.
  • He was tasked with setting the precedent that the emperor, if deemed worthy, should be worshiped as a God after his death , but not during his lifetime.
  • He was also a talented administrator who managed to reform the entire public administration and tax system of the empire.

Phrases

Some of his remembered phrases are mentioned below:

  • Fed flies are less greedy than hungry ones.
  • A good shepherd shears his sheep but does not fleece them.
  • After I die, let the fire burn to the ground!
  • Hard hearts conquer are soft pleas.

Presence in popular culture

In the presence of culture it is possible to find the story of Tiberius in various science fiction series as well as in some films . Famous films such as Ben-Hur , Caligula and the Holy Robe have shown part of the life of this emperor. In the Spanish language, there is even a colloquial expression that includes his name. ” Arming a Tiberius ” is a phrase used to refer to a great scandal.

Curiosities

Some curiosities of the Emperor Tiberius are mentioned below:

  • He never wanted to occupy the position of emperor.
  • His fall in the empire was not due to the abuse of power but on the contrary, he did not know and refused to use it.
  • He was born with the name of Tiberius Claudius Nero but changed it to Tiberius Julius Caesar , after being adopted by the Emperor Augustus.
  • Tiberius was forced to abandon his first marriage by his stepfather Augustus, who was the emperor.

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