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Theatrical script

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To understand what a theatrical script is, it is also important to know that it is a fundamental part of theater , a part of the performing arts group , whose development is related to the actors in charge of representing a story in front of an audience , combining different elements such as gestures , speech , music , sounds and scenery . The script, in the case of theater, is a script that is responsible for presenting all the content that is needed to be able to adequately develop a play.

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What is a theatrical script?

A theatrical script is a text that is responsible for specifying the different dialogues that each actor within the play must say during each scene and also provides information about the scenery and the idea that you want to convey to the public.

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  • Definition
  • Characteristics of the theatrical script
  • Parties
  • How to make a theatrical script
  • Importance
  • Examples

Definition

The theatrical script is a set of sentences or statements that allow the actor to transmit a message that is coherent and ordered through words, as well as being made up of meaningful signs and units . This transfer of information is carried out in a specific way through dialogues , which are pronounced by each of the actors who participate in the play. It is in the theatrical script where we can find included all the contents that are needed to be able to mount a stagingand the fundamental ideas of the same are expressed within it in an orderly way, using an introduction , a development and an outcome .

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The main purpose of having a theatrical script is to be able to involve all the people who are working on the play, including people such as the director , the actors , the set designer , the illuminator and the person in charge of the costumes , so that each one of them know in advance what is going to happen during the work and what actions must be taken to be able to fulfill the objective.

Characteristics of the theatrical script

Among the main characteristics of the theatrical script we can mention the following:

  • The theatrical script is believed to have been born in Ancient Egypt before the Christian age.
  • One of its main parts is the dialogue that is fundamental within the script since it tells the characters what to say and when .
  • Provides information regarding the scenery including the author’s annotations.
  • The script requires the action of several people together in order to come to life.
  • The theatrical script, in addition to needing a brilliant writing , needs to complement it with the work of the set designers , directors , illuminators , make-up artists and actors , among other members.
  • It is also known as a set of booklets , notebook or theater notebook .
  • There are different types of theatrical scripts or scripts, including: libretto by the player , of the Director of the pointer , lights or technical script, of tramoya of costumes and scenery , of traspunte and props or props .

Parties

A theatrical script has the following parts:

  • Scenario : it is probably the most important part of the script as it is the place where the artists participating in the work unfold . In itself, a stage means everything that is related to the representation of different performing arts which is used in public events. It is also known as the stage box , and it is made up of the stage itself, the pits that are located below and in front of the proscenium and the heights .
  • Name of the work is important because it teaches the public in generally the title of the work that has been written and to be present.
  • Argument or plot:  this is the set of facts that we can observe within a play, it is the part that is forming the plot of the play and must have broad clarity and unity . Each action within the plot must trigger the next, and if this is not achieved, the action is disconnected from the rest of the work. All the characters involved in the conflict within the work have a pattern of movement that starts with the conflict initial , action , climax and resolution .
  • Act : they are the parts into which a play is divided and is made up of pictures and scenes characterized by the outline of a problem, the development of the situation and the outcome of the conflict. The acts are visually separated by the curtain falling , or by turning off the lights to make way for the next act.
  • Scenes : they are considered the basic structure of the theater. It is a unit of time , space and action . It is a rhythmic part or a situation that occurs during the play.
  • Table : it is an independent structure and is made up of an approach , development and outcome itself. The painting in turn is made up of different scenes.
  • Characters : are all those people who act in the play and are involved in the plot. Each character has their own personality , way of being, beliefs , character and training . There are main , secondary or environmental characters .
  • Dialogue : these are all the words that are pronounced in the play, the conversations either by the characters or by an omniscient narrator .

How to make a theatrical script

To make a theatrical script, the first thing to do is write the story , which must be written chronologically following a sequence of events. The indications of the actors must have annotations and it must be imagined what happens as it is written and then verify if more details should be added.

The second step is to create the characters that are going to participate in the work, and create a story for each of them, as well as defining the role they are going to play within the work, and then finally, place the title of it. The next step is to develop the plot of the script , and this is developed in introduction , development , climax and denouement as the final part.

Importance

The main importance of the theatrical script is that it is the basis of any play. It is the key piece so that the play has an adequate sequence , so that the characters know what their function is within the play and so that the information that is provided through the theater is accessible and easy to understand for all the spectators.

Examples

Some examples of a theater script could be based on the following:

  • A play about machismo :  three characters and the plot unfolds in the man who faces a series of problems for being a male chauvinist.
  • A Modern Marriage  Play – A two-act play, featuring four characters, that talks about today’s marriage and the problems they generally face.

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