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Taylorism

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Within companies there are several types of theories that seek to improve the organization and generally they arise along the way after others have become obsolete and have stopped working. This is how Taylorism was also born , a system that arose from the need to humanize and turn business administration into a type of democracy that set aside the strict and mechanistic style that existed to give way to a more flexible system .

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What is Taylorism?

Taylorism is a kind of system of production that is based on the theory of business methodology proposed and developed by Frederick Taylor which is mainly based on the business management , the division of the work and production chain .

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  • What does it consist of
  • Characteristics of Taylorism
  • Historic context
  • Principles of Taylorism
  • How does it work
  • Advantage
  • Disadvantages
  • How it differs from Fordism
  • How it differs from toyotism
  • Importance
  • Examples of Taylorism

What does it consist of

Taylorism is also known by the name of scientific management and consists of a type of business management that is based on the use of various scientific methods with the aim of being able to better analyze the production process so that it can be more efficient in order to do so. increase the productivity of a company. It affirms that the administrators of a certain workplace are those who have the responsibility of being able to develop a production system that is correct and efficient to achieve an improvement in the economy .

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Characteristics of Taylorism

There are several characteristics that can be found within Taylorism, a summary of them is presented below.

  • It focuses on standardizing the processes existing production.
  • When applied, it can be produced in large quantities.
  • Its main purpose is to be able to increase production at a lower cost through improvements in the productivity of the workforce.
  • All processes that occur in a company are analyzed so that they can be examined and to improve efficiency .
  • It is dependent on planning and supervision .
  • It is characterized by helping to motivate workers through payments that are based on their performance .

Historic context

Frederick Taylor , an employee of a steel manufacturing company in the United States, was responsible for creating this theory, through observation he was able to determine that the directors of the company did not have knowledge about the way in which specific jobs were carried out. . This is how he decided to start a series of experiments at work where he included his management principles .

Later he applied his principles and at that time, the workers had the ability to triple the results. With the passage of time, his ideas were accepted and thus Taylor’s management theory was born , for this reason he is considered the father of scientific management, which was initially known as “workshop management” .

Principles of Taylorism

As a method of scientific administration, Taylorism is governed based on the following principles:

  • Quantitative job analysis : analyzing current work before starting to implement a new system is essential because the only way to know which tasks work well, which are efficient and the time it takes the worker to perform them.
  • Selection and preparation : after the analysis is carried out, the personnel with the best capabilities must be selected and trained so that productivity can be increased .
  • Cooperation : Taylor insists that a good work environment is necessary as well as maintaining an excellent corporate culture and good relations between all because if the company and employees are not aligned, it will be difficult to function.
  • Job specialization : This principle states that employees need to improve production techniques and planning managers . It establishes that at times the worker may not be as efficient because the director of the company has not clearly determined what his functions are.

How does it work

Taylorism is a system that works by organizing the tasks of workers under a certain production line . In order for it to work, it is first necessary to divide the work process into different sequences and then record the times in which each of them is carried out. Then, the worker is assigned an area that will also be part of the production process.

All these processes must be correctly timed to be able to record the amount of time it takes to perform a certain function, then, the worker is subjected to a specialization in his field and finally, each worker receives his payment depending on productivity , which he does that employees want to work faster and more efficiently.

Advantage

Among its main advantages can be found the following aspects:

  • There is an increase in business profits .
  • It has a better efficiency in terms of production processes .
  • There is greater and better control of production processes.
  • Labor manages to increase productivity .
  • Ideas from management and administration

Disadvantages

Just as it has great advantages, Taylorism is not without its disadvantages, the main of which are mentioned below:

  • Workers have to work harder and this can cause them to wear out .
  • The motivation may be affected due to a presented monotony as to carry out the work.
  • There is a deficiency in the relationship between employees and the culture of the organization.
  • On some occasions it can cause the quality of production to be affected and reduced .

How it differs from Fordism

The difference is that the Fordism is a type of scientific methodology was based on the production type mass inside the automobile industry in which the manufacture thereof passes through several stages of production , it consisted in placing a kind of ramp where the vehicle which was moving toward the worker to go step by step performing the production stage and in this process there was stood grades of workers .

On the other hand, Taylorism is a set of scientific methods that tried to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of industrial processes , it had a more flexible and mechanistic control where workers were given instruction to increase quality and production and where all the work carried out had to have its own methodology and a preliminary study to improve development and provide training.

How it differs from toyotism

The difference is that toyotism was basically a production system that had the purpose of being able to correctly manage resources in order to reduce delivery times , its central idea was basically to produce only when it was necessary and focused on achieve maximizing productivity through organization and combined work.

Taylorism was based on wages depending on performance, while Toyotism used low wages in order to reduce costs , Taylorism was based on technical production while Toyotism on industrial- type production , in addition, the main principle of Taylorism was the structure and specialization of the worker while that of Toyotism was only an informational structure .

Importance

This theory, despite also having some drawbacks, has turned out to be an important factor within companies because through it it is possible to carry out labor and time and movement analyzes , which makes it possible to detect problems related to human fatigue within companies, the correct division of labor and the specialization of workers.

In addition, it is often responsible for work incentives , to improve the conditions that occur in a company, to standardize the methods of production and perform a monitoring functionally. It is also one of the best means by which we can assess the function by the management and this is essential for improving the effectiveness of companies.

Examples of Taylorism

Taylorism can be seen in the following examples:

  • Division of tasks in a certain cleaning company to be able to finish the tasks more quickly and minimizing costs.
  • Incentive payments to workers when they strive to do their job well.

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