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Taekwondo

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The taekwondo is an art martial and sport that comes from Korea. It is a sport that involves kung-fu , karate-do and some other ancient disciplines related to the country. The word is made up of three terms: tae which implies the use of the feet, kwon which refers to the use of the arms and fists and do which is a philosophical notion associated with the path of perfection).

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What is taekwondo?

Taekwondo is a martial art that originates from Korea and has been taught in Asian civilization for centuries. It has been transformed into a modern sport , in a way of blocking blows, kicking and striking without weapons.

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What is taekwondo

Taekwondo consists of different self defense techniques such as grabs, blocks, and sweeps. It is one of the most practiced martial arts worldwide and consists of giving a series of blows against the opponent, attack and defense techniques to win the battle, movements that require speed and precision.

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Taekwondo history

Taekwondo is a martial art that can be considered modern and is of Korean origin . It was created by General Choi Hong Hi and became part of Olympic sports in 1988 at the Seoul Olympics.

The Korean Masters place the birth of taekwondo in 50 AD , with the practice of the native martial art called taekkyon . The Military of the Koguryo dynasty also developed a boxing style called Korean kempo based on various Chinese styles.

Evidence of the practice in ancient times was found in ancient tombs by Japanese archaeologists, where they discovered murals in which men were shown in fighting scenes.

Rules

  • The attacks of kicks should always be performed standing above the belt.
  • kick to the head is worth 3 points or 4 if it is made with a turn.
  • The fist attacks should be to the chest protector. A kick to the chest protector scores 1 point or 2 if done with a twist.
  • To make a point valid, three of the four judges must validate it.
  • The winner is the one who achieves 12 points or beats the opponent by more than 7 points.
  • If after a hit, the competitor cannot immediately continue the bout, the referee counts 8 seconds .
  • If the competitor says ” kiap ” before the 8 seconds have elapsed, the fight continues.
  • When the referee considers that the competitor is not fit to continue the fight, he will be declared KO even if he says “kiap”.

Techniques

There are several techniques that must be learned to be able to practice taekwondo, among them we mention the following:

  • The kicks or chagui : Main movement of Taekwondo and are oriented to attack the trunk or the head.
  • Open hand techniques : they are different depending on the area with which the blow is struck.
  • Blocks and defenses : can be done with the palm of the hand or the arm.
  • Self defense : sweeps and projections combined with kicks.

Categories:

The divisions of men and women are made by means of separate categories , men against men and women against women is a fundamental rule.

Male divisions

  • First, without exceeding 54 kilos.
  • Second, about 54 kilograms without exceeding 58 kilograms.
  • Third, over 58 kilograms without exceeding 63 kilograms.
  • Fourth, about 63 kilograms without exceeding 68 kilograms.
  • Fifth, over 68 kilograms without exceeding 74 kilograms.
  • Sixth, about 74 kilograms without exceeding 80 kilograms.
  • Seventh, over 80 kilograms without exceeding 87 kilograms.
  • Eighth, about 87 kilograms.

Women’s divisions

  • First, without exceeding 46 kilos.
  • Second, about 46 kilograms without exceeding 49 kilograms.
  • Third, over 49 kilograms without exceeding 53 kilograms.
  • Fourth, about 53 kilograms without exceeding 57 kilograms.
  • Fifth, about 57 kilograms without exceeding 62 kilograms.
  • Sixth, about 62 kilograms without exceeding 67 kilograms.
  • Seventh, about 67 kilograms without exceeding 73 kilograms.
  • Eighth, about 73 kilograms.

Divisions for the Olympic games

Male divisions

  • First, without exceeding 58 kilograms.
  • Second, about 58 kilograms without exceeding 68 kilograms.
  • Third, over 68 kilograms without exceeding 80 kilograms.
  • Fourth, about 80 kilograms.

Women’s divisions

  • First, without exceeding 49 kilograms.
  • Second, about 49 kilograms without exceeding 57 kilograms.
  • Third, over 57 kilograms without exceeding 67 kilograms.
  • Fourth, about 67 kilograms.

Belts

Taekwondo belts are of various colors and each of them has a meaning, these are:

  • White : Symbolizes purity and innocence.
  • Yellow : It means the land where the sower places the seed and also represents the sun takes energy for living beings.
  • Green : Represents nature and life, the wisest way to find the best.
  • Blue : Represents the sky that every day has new capabilities. It symbolizes that the practitioner is getting stronger.
  • Red : It is the color of the fruit when it is ripe. It represents the desire of the person who is preparing in his art.
  • Black : It is experience and maturity.

Tatami

Tatamis are floor mats whose meaning is “folded and stacked . ” Tatami mats are a classic and characteristic element of Japanese houses. They are used to cover the floor of the main rooms of a Japanese house. At present we can find expanded polystyrene mats and even straw .

The two ways in which we can find them in martial arts are:

  • Shügijiki : tatami mats are placed together vertically or horizontally, forming a kind of non-square grids.
  • Fushügijiki : they are placed in a single direction, using parallel strips.

In karate , the World Karate Federation rule says that the mat must be a closed-cell polyethylene sheet measuring 10mm x 1000mm x 1.

Taekwondo equipment

The necessary equipment to practice taekwondo is as follows:

  • Do-Bok : This is the white uniform, it consists of two pieces, the jacket and the pants, which are tied with a colored belt that can be white or black, depending on the level of the player.
  • Bib : It is a protection made of foam and that can be red or blue. It gives the entire trunk protection and is placed on the back.
  • Helmet : It is made of foam and serves to protect the skull, ears and jaw.
  • Forearm protections : Its function is to give protection to the forearms and elbows as well as helping to avoid strong friction.
  • Shin guards : It is an efficient form of protection for the front part of the foot.
  • Chest protector : This protector is specially designed for women as it covers the entire chest.
  • Mouthguard : This protector covers the opponents’ teeth and gums in case of receiving a direct blow to the mouth.

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