Systemic Thinking


The systemic thinking is one of the types of thinking most widely used because it is entirely based on logic and how it acts in the behavior of various individuals, their goal is the analysis of different systems to achieve a diagnosis and a solution logical and radical.


What is systems thinking?

Ideology is nothing more than that example of cognition which is based on reasoning, interpreting and analyzing the structures of the various systems, how they behave, interact and relate to each other ; The ability to influence each other is also analyzed. The interesting thing in this type of thinking is that the most important thing is based on collecting relevant massive information , when it refers to massive it is literally large amounts of information that come from different sources and places ; it could be said that this is a fundamental tool for solving problems that need logical reasoning,mainly looking for the root of the problem, its beginnings. It must be taken into account that this cognitive tool is generally used in a group, since the number of ideas is greater.



Systems thinking is about the content of analysis that exhaustively investigates all the interrelated parts that make up a situation or a problem , in order to find an effective and radical solution through logical reasoning . Through this type of thinking, the parts of a whole are studied to recognize both individual and general advantages and disadvantages.


Characteristics of systems thinking

Some characteristics of systems thinking are the following:

  • It is based mostly on logical reasoning.
  • Understand, interpret and analyze things and circumstances exhaustively.
  • Evaluate how individuals behave and how they interact with other people.
  • It is effective and radical.
  • Solve problems.
  • It is defined as a conceptual framework , due to the large amount of mass information it collects.
  • Emphasize observation.
  • It has a circular and non-linear language.
  • It expands the cognition and development of the ideas of the people who use it.

What is it for

One of the most relevant functions of this type of thinking is the speed of problem solving and the analytical capacity that it develops in individuals; This is the kind of thinking that is used to collect information in a massive way and thus be able to attack a conflict or situation in the most correct way that is among all the possibilities.


Formally, this style of systematic thinking has its origin around 45 years ago , starting from the questions, criticisms and judgments made by Ludwig Von Bertalanffy towards what the application of the scientific method was for the time , all this based on biology and how it is. The methodology did not work due to the fact that it was highly mechanical and causal , no solution was reached in that way, so the paradigm of knowledge and research was rethought, concluding that structuralization and systems was one of the most effective ways to get to know the world around us; In this way, the concept of systems was manifested for the first time, from which this style of thinking proceeds.

Elements of systems thinking

The elements that it has are scarce, since these are formed in the course of the cognition process, however, some of the most repetitive are the following:

  • The sum of the parts of a whole is important , each property is essential for the set of all parts.
  • It focuses on systems and their behavior.
  • External factors that could affect the conflict that occurs must be taken into account .
  • Determine the patterns of the masses in the conflict.
  • Recognize the roles they take.
  • The analysis of the hypotheses is extremely relevant .


Every system has its structure and its organization, just as a society has rules and laws, the same happens with systemic thinking, it has laws and principles that make it correct and adequate, its principles are the following:

  • Position principle.
  • Relationship principle.
  • Limitation principle.
  • Equifinality principle.


As has been said, when dealing with systems they always have some rules and systemic thinking does not go unnoticed, for which it has the following laws:

  • The more you push, the more you push the system.
  • Behavior improves before it gets worse.
  • The simple and practical path leads to the same place.
  • The cure can be worse than the disease if it is not analyzed correctly.
  • The quickest solution is the worst way to go.
  • Two seemingly contradictory goals can be achieved.
  • There is no blame, no excuses in a system, there are only actions.

Philosophical roots

This type of thinking is based, as its name indicates, in the various systems that can govern the world, and one of the greatest philosophical roots that it preserves when it was debated 45 years ago what the scientific method was and this thought came to light. which would greatly help to resolve conflicts , coupled with this being an extremely effective way of assessing the behaviors and interaction of the subjects with each other, which triggered several discussions and disputes since it arose .

Systems thinking in organizations

They are found in companies, faculties, industries and organizations, both public and private, since as it is a mass work of different people, a strategy must be had to maintain harmony.

Therefore, what is sought in organizations with this type of thinking is that the relationships between the participants flow in such a way that each one recognizes the weaknesses and strengths of the other, in order to perfect and achieve a good team, better coordination and a more optimal work environment.


  • Ludwig Von Bertalanffy.
  • William Ockehan.
  • Russell Ackoff.
  • Peter Checkland.
  • Carlos Eduardo Vasco.
  • Peter Senge.
  • Aristotle
  • Marcos Roitman.


Systems thinking and systems can be found everywhere, from indigenous tribes, animal litters, to large societies.

  • A clear example can be the strategist of a military ambush, he must anticipate the event, think about all the possibilities that exist and choose which is the best choice for his team.
  • It can happen in the practice of a sport, when all the participants come together to think about a play and the tasks are distributed to be able to beat their competition.

And just as in the past examples, you can see thousands of systemic actions on a daily basis, the thought is always there, only that we rarely notice it.


  • Introduction to Systems Thinking, 1998.
  • Thinking systemic, José Antonio Garciandía.
  • Systematic thinking, Marcos Roitman.
  • Systems Thinking, Peter Checkland.

Importance of systems thinking

This is one of the most commonly used types of thinking , which makes it extremely relevant to humanity and its intellectual capacity , this type of thinking is with which children become adolescents and then adults, coupled with it, we It helps to reason and analyze things from a more organized and structured perspective.

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