Synchronized Swimming


The synchronized swimming is a combination of dance and gymnastics accompanied by music that is performed within the water . This beautiful sport, also known as water ballet , is an exhibition through swimming in which the movements of one or more swimmers are synchronized with a musical accompaniment . Due to a similarity to dance, it is sometimes called water ballet, especially in theatrical situations . The sport was developed in the United States in the 1930s. Synchronized swimming is an amateur sport.organized in many areas of the world under the general supervision of the International Federation of Amateur Swimming , which publishes a list of acrobatics, movements and figures that are accepted into the competition.


Synchronized Swimming

It is a sport that involves the combination of other sports such as swimming , dance, and gymnastics . The movements are performed in synchronized choreographies that are made to the sound of the music.


What is synchronized swimming?

Synchronized swimming consists of a group of great aquatic skills , a lot of physical resistance and flexibility , grace , art and precision in time, as well as an exceptional resistance to hold the breath underwater. The competition consists of two basic parts: the technical exercise and the free exercise . The judges value the technical and artistic quality of both routines and are able to award a maximum of 10 points in total. Swimmers can be penalized if they touch the bottom of the pool or if at any time they hold on to the edges.


History of synchronized swimming

The first samples of this sport date from the end of the 19th century , mainly during the year 1982 in England . At that time it was known as artistic swimming or water ballet . Some time later, during the 20th century, the term synchronized swimming was born. In 1920 it was also called ornamental swimming. The sport began to gain followers and developed more and more every day.

In 1924 the first competition of this interesting discipline was held in Canada , specifically in Montreal and in 1926, the first championship of figures and styles in water was being held. During the years 1933 and 1934, one of the most striking shows of the time known by the name of ” Modern Sirens ” was held, where the term Synchronized Swimming first emerged .

A few years later it was possible to develop a regulation that would regulate the sport. In 1955, this sport was included in the Pan American Games held in Mexico and the first international competition took place in Amsterdam . In 1973 , it was included in the different world championships and in 1948 it was included in the Los Angeles Olympic games .


  • Regarding the technical part, the participants perform individual competitions for 2 minutes, during which time they perform 7 different routines or elements that are mandatory . When the competition is done in pairs , the participants have the same amount of time, but they must perform 9 different routines with a margin of 10 seconds.
  • The actions mirror are prohibited.
  • When powers are computers , they have three minutes to make a total of 19 elements different, a circular formation and straight.
  • Artistic free elements can be incorporated and no mandatory movements are made when their performance is free.
  • They start out of the pool and they have 10 seconds to enter it.
  • When the performance is style free participants have 6 to 8 minutes .
  • The swimmers cannot be more than 10 seconds out of the water nor must they touch the bottom of the pool.
  • The wardrobe must not have transparent fabric .
  • All participants must perform a freestyle routine and a combination routine .


There are two different categories in synchronized swimming, and these are as follows:

  • Technical routines : They are also known as ballet routines and are performed to the rhythm of music and some mandatory elements set by the regulations.
  • Free routines : These routines are performed freely to the rhythm of the music and have great freedom of movement .
  • The exercises can be performed in duos , solo , teams and in free combined .

Positions and transitions

In synchronized swimming there are many positions and transitions, some of them are:

  • Back stretched position
  • Body extended, with face, chest, thighs and feet on the surface of the water.
  • Front stretched position
  • Extended body, with the head, upper back, buttocks and heels on the surface.
  • Positions: ballet leg, flamenco, double ballet leg, vertical and crane.
  • Fishtail and tucked position, dolphin, dolphin arched, arched surface, with one knee bent, barrel, knight, side fish and knight variant.

The pool for synchronized swimming

The pool must be at least 10 meters of long by 3 meters in width . The minimum depth should be 1.80 meters , but it is preferred that it be 3 meters . In Olympic games the depth is 3 and 2.50 meters. There must be marking lines , otherwise the pool must be marked with colored lines at the bottom.

The height between the surface of the water and the nearest obstacle must be totally free and have a minimum of 4 m. The water temperature for competition and training must be 26ºC ± 1ºC and the water must be clear to allow visibility of the pool bottom.


Participants must have the following equipment:

  • Pliers nose to prevent water from entering the nose.
  • The pool .
  • Swimsuit or bathing suit that is not transparent or bikini-shaped.
  • Makeup against water.
  • Hair tied up with petroleum jelly to prevent it from falling on the face of swimmers.

Leave a Comment