The Suprematism was one of the many artistic movements that emerged in the years surrounding the World War First and tried to contextualize the abstract art according to his ability as a means to try to help humanity achieve find life more meaningful. It can be considered as a spiritual , idealistic or utopian art ; whatever label we attach to it, the goal of Suprematism was to find different ways to use abstraction to break free from expectations and limitations of the physical world and connect with something more pure.


What is Suprematism?

Suprematism is an art movement that developed alongside constructivism that promotes a love for geometric abstraction and non- figurative art to represent a visual universe full of pure geometric figures.


What is Suprematism?

Suprematism is about promoting a taste for geometric abstraction and non- figurative art . It consists of representing the visual universe full of pure geometric shapes , looking for a way to remake conventional art, looking for the sensitivity of geometry, reaching a pure, simple and unsurpassed abstractionism . Suprematism can manifest itself in three different phases:

  • The first phase was known as the black phase , since in it practically all the images have black shapes painted on a white background.
  • The second phase added other colors in his works, mainly the color red . Through an expanded color palette, he played with dimensionality and perception, causing confusion between the rational and reality.
  • The final phase of Suprematism was the white phase , and they were white shapes painted on white backgrounds.

Characteristics of Suprematism

The main characteristics of Suprematism are the following:

  • This type of painting detached itself from nature and gave rise to a totally original reality .
  • The outside world was of no use to the artist.
  • He had supremacy in the plastic sensibility before any materialistic, practical, social, descriptive or illusionistic aim.
  • It was an art with abstraction of forms since only triangles, squares, crosses and circles were used.
  • Their forms were pure and absolute with simple harmonies.
  • They used flat colors that were contrasting, mainly primary colors and some intermediate ranges, white and black.
  • The range of colors was quite small and mainly red, black, blue, white and green were used.
  • It had a strong predominance of neutral backgrounds , generally white.
  • The paintings provided a sense of movement and speed .


In 1913, a Russian painter named Kazimir Malevich discovered while making a project that he felt a special connection between basic geometric shapes and his own internal sense of purity . Trained as a realist painter, Malevich had tended to make art that represented the physical world. But like so many others of his time, he was in conflict over the relevance of representational art to a changing world .

Malevich experimented with sketches of simple geometric shapes, and began to write about their aesthetic value . He developed a theory that states that art suitable for modernity must attempt to communicate through a purely abstract visual language based on simple geometric shapes. He believed that this type of language could transcend rationality and achieve the visual equivalent of the perfect zero : total aesthetic purity . Malevich called his new approach to painting suprematism.

Malevich first exhibited his Suprematist paintings in 1915 in Petrograd , in a show called The Last Futurist Exhibition of Paintings 0.10 . The origin of the show’s title was a reference to the idea that the old world was ending (hence the zero) and that originally there were ten artists in the exhibition, although 14 artists were eventually included.


Painting is based on color and shape . The color, which is obtained through painting, is applicable to all geometric planes . In the paintings, the vanishing point is not located on the horizon , but at infinity . Geometric shapes are made on the blank canvas and light waves in space travel at different speeds and can be captured in different ways. When the planes are placed vertically or horizontally, the composition is static , and if they are structured diagonally, it is dynamic. The static and the dynamic, highlighted by colorand the form established the content of the Suprematist painting.


The sculpture also promoted geometric abstraction and non-figurative art , in order to achieve the supremacy of nothingness and to represent the universe without objects. Suprematism rejected conventional art and sought sensitivity through geometric abstraction.


As for architecture, Suprematism completely rejects the use of conventional art and is based on the beginning of a search for pure sensitivity within the area of geometry until achieving an abstraction of very simple shapes and colors.


Its importance lies in that allows humans to establish a connection with your inner portion so directly because there is no obligation or force that forces him to represent something that already exists but something that emerges pure and completely inside.

Representatives of Suprematism

The main representatives of Suprematism are:

  • Kazimir Malevich, Russian, 1879 – 1935
  • Aleksandra Ekster, Russian, 1882-1949
  • Olga Rozanova, Russian, 1886 – 1918
  • The Lysitsky, Russian, 1890 – 1941
  • Alexander Rodchenko, 1891-1956


Among the most representative works of Suprematism we can mention the following:

  • Landscape with yellow house
  • On the boulevard
  • Apple tree in blossom
  • Rest, society with top hats
  • Knife sharpener
  • An Englishman in Moscow
  • Partial eclipse with the Mona Lisa

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