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Subjectivity

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The subjectivity is a word that is frequently mentioned in the philosophy of mind because it is considered that much of the mentality is subjective. Whenever you have an intentional state , whether conscious or not, there is a subjective fact . Subjectivity is in charge of considering those aspects of the world that are as they are by virtue of the way we think about them, or the way we feel them , or the way we see them . Those are the subjective aspects of the world.

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What is subjectivity?

We can define subjectivity as perception and visualization in a personal way and at the same partial that the individual has about a certain thing , thought or idea . A term that is linked to emotions and feelings , thoughts and perceptions .

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  • What does it consist of
  • features
  • Types
  • Social subjectivity
  • Subjectivity in philosophy
  • Subjectivity in psychology
  • Subjectivity in history
  • Subjectivity in art
  • How it differs from objectivity
  • Importance
  • Examples

What does it consist of

It is important to mention that within the field of philosophy , subjectivity is considered as a characteristic of knowledge , because it consists of a series of different arguments and experiences that come from the perception of a specific individual. It consists then of a theory of knowledge that includes the properties of perception that are based mainly on the point of view of a person which can be influenced by various aspects and personal desires.

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features

Among the most important characteristics of subjectivity the following are mentioned.

  • It gives emphasis to the idea that the individual , in addition to having a relationship type passive with the world can result impressions of type sensory .
  • It is characterized by having a series of specific interpretations related to discernment .
  • They are unique and different in each of the individuals who experience them.
  • The object is the thing that is perceived ; and the subject is the one who perceives the object.
  • It is also used to refer to the antithesis of objectivity : the person who judges by following their feelings or intuitions, rather than according to observation, reasoning and judgment that are totally objective aspects, is judging subjectively.
  • It is also considered a philosophical principle .
  • In its form extreme you can see that the existence of all things depend only on the consciousness of subjective type of an individual.

Types

There are two types of subjectivity. This can be of a positive nature when it is in charge of collaborating so that individuals have the ability to accept different ideas that come from other people to their own. The second type is negative subjectivity in which a series of prejudices are created about the different points of view and ideas that are held about a certain thing.

Social subjectivity

In the case of social subjectivity, this refers to the way in which a specific group in society can interpret a specific issue . This can also occur at the community level . It depends, in order to be created, on a variety of factors and experiences that individuals face , but that when they come together to live within society , each of these people will have a representation of a social nature that they build around them. Social subjectivity can be green influenced , affected orbenefited due to a number of cultural , economic and political factors .

Subjectivity in philosophy

In the field of philosophy, subjectivity refers to the experiences that an individual can have which are related to another object , then, the subject is the one who has the ability to observe while the objective is that thing that is observed. Three important philosophers analyzed subjectivity, Nietzsche , Marx and Freud because they were in charge of questioning all the bases related to the notion of the conscious subject .

Subjectivity in psychology

In the field of psychology , subjectivity refers to all those things that are typical of a singular subject , in other words, it is a merely human characteristic , taking into account that all people have their own point of view.

Subjectivity in history

It is said that history is mainly subjective because in order to analyze and study it, it is necessary to go through it with a series of visions that have been influenced by the society in which a certain event has happened. However, this does not mean that the people who are in charge of studying history can say or affirm any situation because in the study of history it is also necessary to follow the scientific method and many specific procedures.

Subjectivity in art

In the field of art and culture , subjectivity can be constructed through the interpretation , perception and appreciation of the reality that belongs to a certain social group or peoples. In this case, subjectivity is rooted in the cultural base , which makes it possible for cultural diversity to be created . It also has an important role in anthropology , since here it intervenes under the name of cultural relativism, a type of science that is responsible for studying and analyzing in depth the different cultures that exist by analyzing their own perceptions .

How it differs from objectivity

The main difference between these two definitions is that objectivity is that it has the ability to represent a reality in a neutral way in its entirety and with this it is avoided that individual points of view are formed, on the other hand , subjectivity is more focused in the emotions that individuals feel in order to then be able to express their point of view .

Importance

Subjectivity plays a very important role mainly in the field of social sciences since it is the means by which the researcher is based to discover and understand the way in which the individual is experienced , understood and developed as a society . In addition, subjectivity is related to one’s own opinion , which makes it a fundamental aspect of the lives of individuals.

Examples

Some examples of subjectivity are mentioned below.

  • They catch my attention and I like Greek sculptures because they have good proportions, because they reflect vitality and a lot of dynamism. (subjectivity of art)
  • The German team humiliated their Dutch rival with a game of superior speed and level. (subjectivity because it does not express specific data but the way in which the person narrates their opinion).

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