The storm is one of the most deceptive natural phenomena , since in general it is similar to what natural rains are, however, these appear constantly and attack the skies, manifesting lightning, thunder and lightning ; In addition to this, these storms can cause other more serious natural phenomena .


What is a storm?

Storm is called a phenomenon that could be both weather and climate , join two air masses of different compounds , may be more than two masses; When referring to different compounds, it is that both compounds are opposites , that is, one of these masses may be the carrier of a warm temperature and the other a cold temperature , when these masses contrast or impact one with the other, it would cause what It would be an environmental instability , caused more by the compounds of clouds and polluting gases. This type of phenomenon includes what could beAcid drizzles, drizzles, uncontrolled winds, lightning, heavy rain, thunder and lightning ; Depending on the amount of masses that are mixed, they could generate hail , however, being in this way it would pass to a greater scope.

  • Training
  • Characteristics of a storm
  • Types of storms
  • Causes
  • Stages
  • Movement
  • Effects edit
  • What to do in case of a storm
  • Examples


This type of phenomenon is formed starting from gases and the compositions of various air masses, these being opposite and mixing or contrasting would generate what would be an environmental impact that would gradually cause heavy rains, drizzles, which may or may not be acidic. , hail, thunder, lightning, lightning and extremely strong winds.


Characteristics of a storm

Although storms are widely recognized worldwide , not many people know how to identify them and generally tend to confuse them with heavy rains , without ever recognizing that they are an environmental phenomenon that could become extremely dangerous if the proper precautions are not taken. Therefore, some of the most relevant characteristics of storms will be exposed below:

  • They are environmental phenomena.
  • They start from the union of two thermally opposite masses , with different compounds, that is, one mass of hot air and the other cold.
  • Its movement is up and down.
  • Its formation is like that of a tornado , only that since the orientation in which it moves is not cyclical, the epicenter is not formed and therefore, the tornado does not occur.
  • It causes rain, lightning, thunder, lightning, and rarely hail.
  • A curious fact is that when the storm is beginning to form, it warns causing storm clouds , which are commonly called cumulonimbus , which are recognized as clouds of great horizontal extension and opaque.

Types of storms

Some types of storms are as follows:

  • Storm due to air masses.
  • Frontal storms
  • Orographic storms
  • Electric storms
  • Single-celled storms
  • Multicellular storms
  • Supercellular storms
  • Tropical storms
  • Tornadoes
  • Waterspouts
  • Sand storms
  • Dust storms
  • Dust or dust swirl
  • Winter storms


Storms could have many, many causes, however, the most common are the following:

  • Environmental pollution .
  • Sudden weather changes.
  • Mixing or collision of opposing air masses.
  • Other natural phenomena.


Although it could not be said in a specific way that storms have stages, they can be started from the point where they start, separating them in this way, the first would be the starting point, which is when an air mass of a temperature or with a composition collides or impacts with another air mass of different temperature , later it would go on to the second stage which is the instability that would be caused in the environment , creating what would be the extensive horizontal cloud of dark tonalities called cumulonimbus ; it would start an up and down movement respectively in the process, causing a condensation stronger than the air would be, subsequently causing what would be rains, drizzles, lightning, thunder, lightning and, in extremely rare cases, hail .


The movement of storms is generally either ascending or descending, always vertically , it does not become horizontal at any time, which is why the physical manifestation of these phenomena can be witnessed vertically, even if it is changed in shape and place by the strong winds that may arise.

Effects edit

Some of the effects of storms are as follows:

  • If these are very strong, it will damage nature, such as trees and some plants.
  • Storms, lightning, thunder and rain.
  • Starting from storms, so much environmental instability is created that other phenomena can develop.

What to do in case of a storm

What is most recommended when a storm occurs by the experts is to stay under a stable roof and with the windows and doors closed , to avoid disaster in homes , be it due to the entry of water, rains or hail ; In addition to this, it is always recommended to stay sheltered since at any moment the storm could generate another more serious environmental phenomenon.


  • Cold drop , Spain .
  • Tornado Alley, United States , which started as a simple storm.
  • The monsoon, in India.
  • The blizzards or ice storms that occur in the great lakes of the United States.
  • The katabatic winds that have occurred in Port Main, Vostok and in Antarctica.
  • Sand storms in the Sahara and in the United States.
  • Willy Willy in Australia .
  • Morning Glory, in Australia.

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