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Stalinism

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Throughout time, many different kinds of political currents and thoughts have arisen in the history of the world . One of these types of currents can be found, for example, in Stalin and the Soviet Union, from which Stalinism derives . A thought that responds to the interpretation of Marxism and to a completely totalitarian , repressive and coercive model with which total control over the State and over society itself was guaranteed.

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What is Stalinism?

Stalinism was a way of thinking and a political practice imposed by Joseph Stalin . A totally dictatorial type of government that had no respect for any type of norm and that continued to govern the Soviet Union for some years.

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  • Characteristics of Stalinism
  • Source
  • History
  • Leader
  • Symbol
  • Economy
  • In which countries did Stalinism occur
  • critics
  • Importance of Stalinism

Characteristics of Stalinism

Among its main characteristics of Stalinism the following are mentioned:

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  • His main source of inspiration was undoubtedly Marxism .
  • He also adopted a series of thoughts to inspire himself, such as Leninism and Trotskyism .
  • Mainly it is trying to make the Soviet Union became a major power worldwide.
  • He had under his control the executive , legislative and judicial powers of the country.
  • It had a bureaucratic centralism .
  • All the provisions imposed by Stalin had to be followed to the letter.
  • The economic power had to be in the hands of Stalin so that in this way the state could achieve its objectives.
  • It had control of all types of industries including the agricultural sector and private companies.
  • The economy was also completely dependent on state control .
  • It was a completely nationalist movement .
  • They promoted the cult of personality and Stalin was obeyed and even revered as a god.

Source

The First World War , the economy and the society of Russia caused that several conflicts took place and with them two groups arose that were against the Tsar Nicholas II ; the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks , the latter group being the most radical and to which Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin belonged . After the Revolution and the civil war , the Bolsheviks managed to seize the power of the government with which a completely new Constitution based on the Soviets was promulgated . With the coming to power of Stalin, the economy improved remarkably, a situation that gave him even more power and little by little he eliminated those who opposed his ideas.

History

Without a doubt, the history of Stalinism begins hand in hand with Iósif Vissariónovich Dzhugashvili, better known as Stalin , a man who belonged to the group of the Bolsheviks and who was appointed as secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. One of his first moves to establish his movement was to eliminate rivals. Trotsky was considered the best man to succeed Lenin and for this reason he was the one who first removed from his path. Little by little, those who followed Stalin considered him to be the highest authority and in 1925, after Trotsky lost all his posts, Stalin had a clear path and in this way began to mark the history of Stalinism.

Leader

The innate leader of Stalinism was Stalin , whose real name was Iósif Vissariónovich Dzhugashvili . A man born in Gori in 1878 who actively participated in all the revolutionary movements of the Bolsheviks.

Symbol

The mystical emblem of Stalinism was a hammer and sickle . There are several theories regarding its meaning. On the one hand, these two symbols are associated with the Masonic elements of the chisel and the hammer, tools that implied a formulated objective and its realization. In the religious symbology of Europe , the hammer was associated with brute and aggressive force and with divinity . It is for this reason that it is difficult to understand if these symbols represented the union of the peasant and the workers with the power or, if they made reference to the revolutionary power that had been established in the place as a symbol ofdeath , war and destruction .

Economy

Regarding the economy imposed by Stalin, it was determined that the State was the only one in charge of being able to control it and for this reason, all types of commercial activity had to follow its guidelines, this also included the industrial and agricultural part . There was a body in charge of setting the goals and orders to follow and it was called the “Gosplan” . At that time, the economy was projected in the long term, which was divided into periods made up of five years known as “five-year plans . 

The main objective of these plans was to be able to free Russia from any possible delay in its economy and to give it greater strength in the industrial field in order to make it a self-sufficient country in the agricultural and military fields. The socialization of the industry, the collectivization and the adequate control of all the production and distribution of the products were means to achieve the objective.

This type of economy affected all fields that were directly and indirectly related to the economic aspect, from investment , consumption , product prices and workers ‘ wages . All self – management of companies or employees was put aside, the state and private property system was eliminated and the classes that to date had already managed to prosper were destroyed.

In which countries did Stalinism occur

Stalinism was a movement that occurred in the Soviet Union and also spread to areas where it had influence. This happened mostly between the 1930s and 1950s. Countries like Hungary, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Beirut, Poland and Mongolia have been ruled by this type of government.

critics

This movement was widely criticized because its promises to achieve social emancipation , to overcome the misery of the country and to give citizens greater access to culture were displaced by a Stalinist bureaucracy that eliminated all promises to force its discipline. in basically all aspects of life. It was also a current that brought repression to the people, since this was the only way Stalin had to achieve absolute power, the media were immediately censored and many dissidents had to discount long periods of pressure or were simply killed. with the aim of maintaining order and discipline.

Importance of Stalinism

It is considered a movement with relative importance because thanks to it, the Soviet Union managed to strengthen itself as a country by creating a solid system for the creation of new institutions. He managed, externally, to create an empire where countries maintained their own governments. Although the economic policy affected many, they managed to create a series of policies that increased the advancement of the industry producing social classes that depended on their work.

The economy increased considerably and military production was stimulated considerably, which little by little also gave way to heavy industry . In this way, part of the population managed to find work and have some comforts to live better. It managed, after the Second World War , to recover some of the countries that had been previously lost and incorporated into its territory countries such as Poland, Prussia and Bessarabia.

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