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Simone de Beauvoir

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It may be that the term feminism is constantly heard today, however, there have been many people over time who have had an important influence on its definition. One of them is Simone de Beauvoir , a writer of French origin who managed to explain feminism and who made it possible for the progressive thinking that existed in the second half of the 20th century to lose its meaning.

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Personal information

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  • When was he born: 01/09/1908
  • Where he was born: Paris, France
  • When he died: 04/14/1986
  • Where he died: Paris, France

Who was Simone de Beauvoir?

Simone de Beauvoir, a renowned writer , author , philosopher and teacher of the 20th century who was in charge of promoting feminism , which managed to establish the women’s liberation movement and who was also in charge of defending human rights in general.

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  • Biography of Simone de Beauvoir
  • Personal life of Simone de Beauvoir
  • Death
  • Thought
  • Feminism
  • Importance
  • Quotes by Simone de Beauvoir
  • Books

Biography of Simone de Beauvoir

Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir was born on January 9, 1908 . He was born into a bourgeois family and Christian beliefs. Daughter Georges Bertrand , a lawyer and actor and Fracoise Brasseur , a prestigious and devout Catholic woman. He studied in Soborna where he met Jean-Paul Sartre , with whom he later began a romantic relationship, although they did not live together or have children.

She declared herself an atheist when she was young and her parents went out of their way to help her study. He did literary studies at the Sainte-Marie de Neully Institute and also studied mathematics , the Latin language, and mathematics . He dedicated himself to studying philosophy , a career in which he managed to obtain a certificate. He worked as a teacher in several high schools in Paris, Rouen and Marseille and later decided to resign to dedicate his life entirely to writing.

Personal life of Simone de Beauvoir

During her university study period, Simone de Beauvoir met Jean-Paul Sartre with whom she had a romantic relationship until he died. They maintained a poly-fidelity relationship , which was based on a kind of philosophical pact which they were in charge of renewing every two years, an open relationship . He had several relationships while living as a couple with Sartre. She had no desire to marry or have children, for her her academic training was more important.

On a trip to the United States, he met Nelson Algren , with whom he had a deep romantic relationship which ended five years later, turning into reproaches and many problems. Although he was in love, he could not leave Sartre and this caused the relationship to end.

Death

He died on April 14, 1986 in the city of Paris. His remains were placed in the same place where Sartre was buried.

Thought

Simone de Beauvoir’s thinking managed to lay the foundations for the development and construction of the term feminism as it is known today. For her, the freedom of the individual was fundamental in all respects. For her, a person was not born a woman but became a woman. He also gave special importance to the different concepts of gender and sex , establishing that sex was the biological part while gender could be constructed through the history and society of men and women.

For Simone de Beauvoir, violence and oppression against women was mainly linked to the concept that existed about femininity . His doctrine had as a thought the economic independence of women and the right they had to receive the same education as a man, which made an important contribution to feminism .

Feminism

Simone de Beauvoir is considered the first woman who gave importance to the philosophical thought of women as human beings . It was important for her to understand what it was to be a woman and this included an ontological , existentialist and phenomenological point of view . He was in charge of carrying out the statement on existentialist feminism taking into account that human beings have the ability to build themselves and make decisions by building their destiny.

Her work significantly influenced all the changes that feminism has undergone globally, changes that include the right to work , autonomy , the right to vote and equal pay . Their approaches served to establish a questioning related to gender and sex, which have been used in a positive way in the gender theories that are known today.

It is considered without a doubt, as a symbol for the feminist movement that made a difference and that managed to make the movement develop. His theory regarding feminism had several important points or aspects which are mentioned below.

  • For her, the culture of humanity had man as its main point.
  • There was domination by the man for the woman and for this reason it was that the alienation of the female sex existed.
  • You are not born a woman, you become one , a phrase of the utmost importance that indicated that being a woman was something that had been created and defined by man.

Importance

The main importance that Simone de Beauvoir had was her legacy in terms of rights and equality for women , her thinking made many see that the female sex had the same rights as men regardless of sex. It allowed the whole world to reflect on human existence defined by factors such as the situation, society and the corporality of women.

Thanks to his thought that said “the personal is political” he managed to get people to reflect on him while opening more spaces of freedom and equality for women. It also laid all the foundations for current feminism , establishing and teaching that women had the same rights as men and that sex was not important in this regard.

Quotes by Simone de Beauvoir

There are many recognized and important phrases mentioned by Simone de Beauvoir which remain important to this day. Some of the best known are mentioned below:

  • The homosexuality is just as limited than heterosexuality, it should be able to have the ability to love a man or woman Auna, any human being without fear, inhibition or obligation.
  • Through work , the woman has managed to reduce the distance that the distance from the man. Work is the only thing that gives you the guarantee of absolute freedom .
  • The problem women have has always been a problem for men.
  • You are not born, but you become a woman.
  • The family is actually a nest full of perversions.
  • The nature that man has is evil. His goodness is an acquiring culture.

Books

Among his most recognized books in the world on his thoughts regarding women and how he manages to integrate into society are the following:

  • The existentialism and wisdom of the people .
  • The second sex an essay where he explains the archetypes to which every woman is subjected.
  • When the spiritual predominates where it refers to the false spirituality that some people have.
  • The broken woman , a novel version that tells the life of three women and their problems.
  • The goodbye ceremony , a deep analysis of death.
  • The Mandarins , a Goncourt Prize-winning novel chronicling postwar France .

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