What is Self Realisation?


Self- realization manifests the desire to find happiness on a personal level and to lead a full life by carrying out the actions that will lead to the achievement of happiness. This notion of happiness varies depending on what each individual feels makes him happy. For this, it is necessary to know ourselves and to know what are the personal expectations that motivate us in the different areas of life: couple, family, friends, work and leisure activities. In this sense, self-realization implies a work of self-discovery through which an individual finds himself. Each experience can become an experience of self-realization since through it, we work on a capacity or an aspect of our being.


What is Self Realisation?

Self-realization is an expression used in the field of psychology and spirituality to refer to the state in which an individual develops his potential in order to achieve a full life and satisfy his needs . It is a process of self-discovery that allows the individual to know where his life is heading.


Definition of self-actualization

It is the process by which the human being reaches the full development of his talents, his capacities and his intellectual, creative and social potentialities . It is a term coined in the first place to Kurt Goldstein that makes particular reference to the use of the term by the psychologist Abraham Maslow when he proposed his hierarchy of needs.


The self-actualization process is a personal process that may differ from person to person. It is the recognition of individual motivations .

It is important to note that in English it can be translated as self-actualization or self-realization.


  • Self-transcendence: refers to self-realization but from a more spiritual perspective . It is the fact of transcending, of ascending internally towards the higher self to reach fullness. This term refers to the strong and true, especially spiritual, intellectual and moral values ​​of human nature as an anchor point to achieve transcendence.

Characteristics of Self-Realized People

  • Motivation and curiosity towards new or unknown things.
  • Flexibility and great sense of adaptation to difficulties or ambiguous or complex situations.
  • Desire to continue personal growth and learning towards the new, the different, the unknown.
  • Autonomy and independence in decision-making.
  • Honesty regarding your feelings.
  • Ability to objectively appreciate reality.
  • Authenticity in the way of proceeding and acting.
  • Leadership and ability to inspire others.
  • Security, confidence and acceptance of himself , recognizing both virtues and defects.
  • Respect for the other.
  • Clarity of life purpose.
  • Sense of gratitude for the experiences that are presented to them in life because they know that each of them constitutes an excellent source of learning and growth.
  • Construction and enjoyment of few affective but deep and quality relationships.
  • Tendency not to be disturbed by the opinions of others.
  • Solidarity towards others.
  • Desire to transform your environment to make it a better place.

Elements of Self-actualization

The following hierarchy of needs proposed by Maslow makes it clear that man can only achieve full development if he is satisfied on all the following levels:

  • Physiological needs: eating, drinking, breathing, sleeping, dressing, sexual activity …
  • Security and protection needs : good health, accommodation, job security , environment, money …
  • Membership needs, social needs: love, affection, social ties, social approval, friends, group membership, sharing …
  • Esteem needs: self-esteem, esteem for others, respect for others, recognition, expression of skills, independence …
  • Self-fulfillment needs: develop, meditate, deepen their culture, autonomy, live with passion …

Self-realization according to different authors

Abraham Maslow

Celebrate American psychologist, born in Brooklyn, Maslow is considered the father of the humanistic approach and a reference for many psychologists around the world. He is known especially for his explanation of motivation through a hierarchy of needs, which are generally represented by a pyramid.

Maslow developed a theory according to which an essential aspect of the human being is to develop his personal potential. Thus, each individual must aspire to satisfy various types of needs, from the primary or basic to the most existential. Its major postulate is that higher needs can only appear if lower needs have already been satisfied.

Maslow viewed self-actualization as an individual’s desire to fully fulfill one’s potential at its highest level . In this sense, each one must take advantage of their talents and abilities, their gifts to lead a full life and feel at peace with themselves.

Maslow had a more humanistic perception of the personality, taking into account the existential needs of the human being in the path of his self-realization, unlike Freud, who emphasized the importance of the environment of the individual and of the events in his childhood as determining factors in their life. Likewise, Freud focused on the influence of the unconscious and sexual instincts as factors that would shape the development and formation of the individual.

Finally, it should be noted that Maslow’s pyramid is one of the most widely taught motivation models, especially because it offers the advantage of being immediately understandable.

Carl Jung

Carl Jung, a Swiss researcher and psychoanalyst and a disciple of Sigmund Freud for a time, created the concept of the individualization process based on the psychic structure of the human being. For Jung, individualization is natural and accessible to each individual . It is a process of evolution and inner transformation. Thanks to personal development techniques, psychotherapy and self-knowledge, the individualization process can be favored.

The individualization process goes through different stages: the dissatisfaction of the person, the encounter with the archetype of shadow, sexual and light. Thus, from Jung’s perspective, all personal search begins with a more or less conscious discomfort that can be linked to the body, a disease, a behavior, a personality trait, economic or work difficulties or the place one occupies in the workplace. world. The individual considers that something is not right in his life and feels incomplete.

Carl rogers

Born in 1902, this psychopedagogue rejected the main psychological currents of his time, namely; Freud’s psychoanalysis and behaviorism . This led him to create his own theory that emphasized the ability of human beings to progress and continually strive to develop fully in order to achieve their goals.

Rogers became the cornerstone of humanistic psychology thanks to a therapy focused on his patients, whom he prefers to call “clients”, considering them capable of determining their own trajectory and thus initiating their personal development.

The Rogers principles allow us to understand that every human being has within his reach the possibility of reaching his goals and the feeling of well-being in his life to develop his maximum potential . However, what happens is people generally tend to view this possibility as an elusive ideal or utopia . The important thing is to understand that well-being, more than a goal, is a continuous process in which it requires efforts in the present. To develop a fully functional personality, it is necessary to open up to experiences and accept both positive and negative emotions in life.

Examples of self-actualized people

Thomas jefferson

He is the third president of the United States and one of the authors of the Declaration of Independence of the United States . Throughout his life, he was always presenting political, social and economic proposals in the different positions he held , which were fundamental for the construction of the North American nation .

Robert Kiyosaki

The businessman, investor and author of the bestseller “Poor Dad, Rich Dad” is an example of self-realization, especially thanks to his financial strategies that have allowed him, as he himself claims, to put money to work for him, instead of being he who works for money . This has allowed him to dedicate more time to the different spheres of his life and to serve others through his experience.

Oprah Winfrey

The popular American television host, who is also a producer, actress, businesswoman and philanthropist, is today the creditor of a fortune that exceeds one billion dollars. Winfrey explains that success lies in the effort and discipline you put into achieving your goals . In addition, the presenter considers that each experience is good or bad, there is a lesson to be learned and that this learning will help us in our personal development.

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