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Sandro Botticelli

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Sandro Botticelli , whose original name is Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi , was born in 1445 in Florence and died on May 17, 1510, in the same place. Hailed as one of the greatest painters of the Florentine Renaissance . At the height of his fame, the Florentine painter and draftsman Sandro Botticelli was one of the most esteemed artists around Italy. His funny and curious images of the Virgin and Child, his altarpieces and his life -size mythological paintings , such as “Venus and Mars”, were immensely popular in his lifetime.

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Personal information

  • When was born:  03/01/1445
  • Where he was born:  Florence, Italy
  • When he died:  05/17/1510
  • Where he died:  Florence, Italy

Who is Sandro Botticelli?

Botticelli was an important painter of Italian origin who also worked as an engraver, giving predominance to lines, portraits and who was greatly influenced by Christian Neoplatonism.

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Biography of Sandro Botticelli

Alessandro di Mariano Vanni Filipepi Botticelli better known as Sandro Botticelli, which means “small wine barrel” , a nickname given to him by his older brother for being overweight. Botticelli was the son of a tanner and may have originally trained as a goldsmith , but then he entered a series of studies in Florence with Filippo Lippi , who taught him to paint.

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Botticelli’s first mention as an independent teacher came in 1470, although art historians believe it likely happened earlier. In 1470, Botticelli also made his first painting known as Fortaleza and completed the series of Seven Virtues . By the age of 15, Botticelli already had his own workshop and this helped shape his distinctive artistic style. This style incorporated Neoplatonism , a method that helped him appeal to many tastes by including Christianity and paganism in his works.

Botticelli’s artistic and financial climax was reached when he had contacts, money, and fame as a result of patronage by the Medici family .

The influence of the Medici helped increase Sandro Botticelli’s fame and during his patronage, the Papacy asked him to travel to Rome to paint parts of the Sistine Chapel .

His achievements greatly diminished after coming under the influence of the controversial Florentine monk, Savonarola . Savonarola encouraged the burning of many works of art and books , which were considered unholy at the time, and as a follower of Savonarola, Botticelli participated in the destruction of many of his own paintings. Despite this, after the fall of Savonarola, Botticelli remained in Florence and continued to make a name for himself as one of the best altarpiece painters.

Despite being very successful as an altarpiece painter , Botticelli struggled to stick with the revolutionary changes in art during this time. The arrival of Leonardo Di Vinci and Michelangelo making paintings on the artistic landscape further pushed Botticelli’s work. Sandro Botticelli died in Florence in the year 1510.

Characteristics

The characteristics that stood out from Sandro Botticelli are the following:

  • Most of his life was devoted to making portraits .
  • He had great influence on the part of Neoplatonism
  • He had a preference for painting religious subjects .
  • He worked helping to paint the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican.
  • It was based on portraying mythological themes
  • His tone was very lyrical and his characters had melancholic smiles .

Technique

Sandro Botticelli belongs to Renaissance artists and symbolizes a very different vision of painting. His painting was mainly easel painting ; he let himself be carried away by inspiration, relegating theoretical reflections to the very background .

His main technique in his paintings was drawing ; which were very marked and full of undulating lines , which gave the idea of moving images and with a certain touch of lyricism . He was in charge of elaborating a formal world of his own, which was characterized by the smooth linear rhythm that he provided to the bodies and dresses of his characters; When observing his paintings, it is observed that the bodies, despite having a certain rigidity, could slightly incline their heads and their faces to achieve a melancholic smile .

Works by Sandro Botticelli

  • Spring : Represents the vegetation and Venus waking up among nature. Spring is also represented in the work by means of plants . You can see the group of Three Graces , the god Mercury and Zephyr , with whom spring was in love.
  • The Birth of Venus : This work by Sandro Botticelli represents the nakedness of a body, which belongs to the goddess Venus . It represents her floating on a shell above the waves of the sea. It represents movement through her hair, symbolizing matter and spirit , while at the same time a nymph is observed waiting for her to cover her with a cloak.

Other of his works that are important to mention are:

  • Madonna with Child and Angel
  • Adoration of the Magi
  • Adoration of the Magi
  • The Virgin and Child with two angels and Saint John
  • Madonna with Child and Angel
  • Madonna and Child
  • Virgin of the gallery
  • Diptych Stories of Judit
  • Return of Judit to Betulia
  • The Adoration of the Magi

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