The sports are a large branch that involves physical activity performed by a person or a group of them who follow certain rules in a space. There are many types of sports, one of them is known by the name of rugby , an activity of great popularity mainly in Great Britain , Argentina , France and in some African countries . A sport that involves the use of force to defeat the rival.


What is rugby?

Rugby is a sport of equipment whose main objective is to bring the ball to the line of the team contrary to accomplish this move among the posts and crossbar in order to achieve score a point in favor.


What does it consist of

Rugby is a type of mainly contact sport , seen by many as an aggressive or rough activity which demands a high level of physical and mental demand . The game consists of the confrontation of two teams that fight to be able to place the ball within the scoring zone of the opposing team.


Rugby history

Many studies affirm that rugby existed hundreds of years ago but its origins are still uncertain, many countries such as England and Italy have tried to attribute the origin of the sport however, its origin traditionally centers on a student named William Webb Ellis , who during a soccer game , he decided to take the ball with his hands and run with it towards the goal of the opposing team. This occurred in 1823 during a game at the Rugby School, and this is where its name comes from.

As time went by, in the 19th century different clubs were created for sports, especially in universities, but some teams that were not related to the university also emerged . In the late 1990s , the sport became fully professionalized . The first match of such international was played was in the year 1871 between England and Scotland and as time went by, a number of regulations were created, as well as organization dedicated to the practice of sport and several federations Worldwide.

Through the migration that occurred during the 19th century, rugby gained greater importance as it moved to other countries. It is currently played in many countries, mainly Argentina, Uruguay, South Africa, Australia , New Zealand, the United States and many more. Starting in 1987 , the Rugby World Cup began to be played .

Rugby characteristics

Some of the main characteristics of this sport are mentioned below:

  • Each team has fifteen players .
  • It is a sport that allows the use of force to achieve advancement to the score.
  • It is characterized by teamwork and camaraderie .
  • It involves effort , tolerance and a lot of sacrifice .
  • Its main objective is to be able to score the most points against the rival team.
  • Despite being a violent sport, he also attaches importance to friendship between rivals. After each game, there is a third half in which the players share with each other.

Who invented it

This sport was invented by William Webb Ellis in 1823 .

How to play

To play rugby two teams of fifteen players each face each other in a field of rectangular shape and the winner will be the team who can make a greater number of points . The main idea of the game is the ability to carry the ball with the hands beyond the line test or attempt to introduce the ball using the foot by top of the crossbar of the goal.


The fundamentals that must be followed in order to play rugby are the following:

  • Tackling : only whoever carries the ball can be stopped by an opposing player. A tackle occurs when the ball carrier is held by one or more opponents and is knocked down, is sitting on the ground or on top of another player who is on the ground. To continue the game, the ball carrier must release the ball immediately, the tackler must release the ball carrier and the two must roll away from the ball for other players to fight for the ball, thus initiating a new phase of the game .
  • The Ruck : A ruck occurs when the ball is on the ground and one or more players who are standing approach it . Players must not manipulate the ball in the ruck, and must use their feet to move the ball so that it leaves the foot of the player who is furthest behind the team, at which point it can be picked up.
  • The Maul : occurs when the one who carries the ball is held by one or more opponents and one or more of the carrier’s teammates are held. The team in possession of the ball tries to gain territory by pushing their opponents back towards the opposing team’s goal line . The ball may then pass back between the players in the maul and pass to a player not in the maul to run and carry the ball.
  • The Scrum : allows the game to resume after an interruption caused by a minor infraction or because the ball cannot be played in a ruck or maul.
  • The lineout : on this basis, play can be resumed after the ball has gone into touch . The key for forwards is to gain possession and distribute the ball effectively to the baseline.

Rugby rules

The rules to be followed and respected in rugby are as follows:

  • The only way in which the ball can move is kicking out forward .
  • Any player can advance with the ball.
  • When a player is tackled or tackled he must immediately pass or release the ball.
  • Unless an injury occurs , it must be continuous play .
  • When the ball is carried beyond the goal line then a try is awarded .
  • When a try is made, five points are earned .
  • When a field goal is scored, three points are earned .
  • The rules must be enforced by the referee.
  • Two linesmen must indicate when the ball or the player leaves the field.


The positions that the players of the rugby teams have are divided into two groups which have different names. Those that are located between 1 and 8 are called forwards or forwards and those that are between 9 and 15 are called backs or three-quarter line.

  • Forwards or forwards .
  • First line : the heaviest players on the team are located here.
    • Left Pilier .
    • Heel (Hooker): leader who stands out for his intelligence and ability to synchronize.
    • Pilier right .
  • Second line : they are the tallest players on the teams.
    • Second left line .
    • Second line right .
  • Third Line : players who give stability to the formations
    • Third left (Flanker).
    • Third right (Flanker).
    • Third center (Number 8).
  • Backs or three-quarter lines
    • Half scrum.
    • Opening (Fly Half).
    • Left wing (Left wing).
    • First center (Inside center).
    • Second center (Outside center).
    • Right wing (Right wing).
    • Zaguero (Full back).


There are categories for youth and for adults . The categories of rugby for boys are separated depending on the year of birth into the following:

  • Under 14 years
  • Under 13 years old
  • Under 12 years old
  • Under 11 years old
  • Under 10 years old
  • Under 9 years old
  • Under 8 years old
  • Under 7 years old
  • Under 6 years old


Among the most important tournaments and competitions in the world of rugby are the following:

  • Rugby World Cup
  • Webb Ellis Cup
  • The Rugby Championship or Tournament of the three nations
  • Super Rugby
  • European Rugby Champions Cup
  • Rugby Women’s World Cup


Among the main techniques of rugby we find the tackle, a technique that is used to be able to knock down an opponent while he advances in the race, if it is not done correctly it can be penalized. The scrum is a start of play and is a maximum friction technique. The mauls involves aid an attacker gets two players from the same team to achieve penetrate the defense.


The field of rugby has measure 100 meters in length by 69 meters in width . It has two lateral lines which are known as touch and two zones better known as goal zones which are placed behind the try or try line. The test area must be 10 to 22 meters deep.

In the middle of the field there is a line that must measure 50 meters , this line is intermittent and parallel. Another line over form continuous should measure 22 meters and placed on both sides. Two lines measuring between 5 and 15 centimeters must be placed parallel to the touch lines . The goal posts are located on the try line and have a cross- shaped bar that measures three meters high with a separation of 5.6 centimeters and whose heightit can vary up to eight meters.


The ball has an oval shape and has a length of 280 to 300 millimeters , an ellipse of between 760 and 790 millimeters and a maximum circumference of 580 to 620 millimeters , in addition, its weight ranges between 400 and 440 grams .


To play rugby it is necessary to have the necessary equipment, this includes mouth guards adapted to the respective size, footwear that must be appropriate and have plugs on the sole, a scrum cap and a helmet to avoid head injuries and the ears, a padded equipment that reduces minor injuries.

Famous rugby players

Some of the most famous rugby players are:

  • Jason Leonard from England
  • Sean Fitzpatrick from Germany
  • Andrew Sheridan from England
  • John Eales from Australia
  • John Jeffrey from Scotland


Initially, the rugby ball was plum- shaped and made from pig bladders and because of this, they could be inflated using the breath. The whistle used to blow the whistle at the World Cup is the same as the one used in 1905 during England’s match with New Zealand. It was recognized as a professional sport until 1995 and the sport has been played by famous personalities such as Bill Clinton, George Bush, and Sean Conery.

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