Romanesque Art


Romanesque art  is important to mention, before commenting on Romanesque art , that the Romanesque period was a complex movement that involved the art that emerged in Europe . It arose almost simultaneously in Spain, France and Italy. This movement took place as a result of the prosperity in the material aspects that existed at the time and the spiritual renewal that emerged and had a huge boom in the 11th and 13th centuries. It was the art of the Middle Ages and the time of Feudalism. His style was based on and adapted to a society without culture and controlled entirely by the church. It was one of the first styles of art and it varied as they approached the Middle Ages. It tried to reflect the feudal society , the war and the Christianity reason why they evolved in the realization of a great number of churches and religious buildings.


What is Romanesque art?

The Romanesque art was an art style that dominated Europe during the XI and XI centuries. With a Christian style , it was a style that arose as a result of the great material prosperity of the time and the renovation of the church , which led to the development of different buildings dedicated to religious life.


Characteristics of Romanesque art

It is very important to mention that architecture was the most important part related to Romanesque art. All the large sculptures and different paintings were not important to the religion and their main destination was the temple . Sculptures and paintings were used to give a type of decoration to the buildings of the time.


Romanesque Art What is it, history, characteristics, painting, sculpture, architecture

Romanesque art was an art focused on the rural , the country . It was not a very refined art  He always looked for the realization of strokes, of lines placed horizontally and vertically, he had a large number of arches, but made in a very simple way. It was a totally geometric art , using very simple forms in his creations that sought to identify the primitive and rural sensibility.

Artists of the time never built a church for pleasure or simply to decorate . Its primary objective was the exaltation of religion . The churches that were built were seen as an offering before God. They were considered as the human soul , the first thing that was seen was the great facade, and for this reason, it was one of the most important parts and that should be seen better. Its interior was very simple and dark, representing in this way, the soul of the Christian. It was a way, for them, to perform praise for God.

The Romanesque style went hand in hand with nature as they were also based on country themes and small churches. Romanesque architecture was in the hands of monks and medieval science . They were the only ones who fully understood the facades and capitals. It was considered a pedagogical art that aimed to educate the people and instill in them the fear of God and his message. It is for this reason that, in many of the facades of the different architectural works, the figures of monsters and animals of mythology were very common to find.

History of Romanesque art

If we are looking for a reference point to know when Romanesque art was born, then we must refer to the monastery of Cluny . A monastery was founded thanks to the Aquitania Guillermo dam and in that place the Cluniac reform was created, which was fully dedicated to the worship of the saints.


The type of Romanesque architecture was dedicated to the clergy of the church, first because this was the only consumer and second, because they were the only ones who knew how to make it. The main monument of Romanesque architecture was the well-known Romanesque temple . Another of the great innovations made by the faithful to this type of art was the bell tower , which was included in the temples of the churches. A variety of Romanesque temple is the so-called cloister temple or monastery.

Sculpture in Romanesque art

His figures had a great sense of spirituality and anatomy was completely in the background. It was most important when it was placed at the entrance of the temples. Its relief was always very flat and the scenes that it involved did not have any kind of complication. With the passage of time, the figures began to have more evolution.

Painting in Romanesque art

Full of intense contrasts, the drawing and colors held the artist’s full attention. They drew thick black or red lines that were responsible for shaping the figures while for the faces they used a mixture of red paint, especially for the chin, cheek and forehead. In the center of the vaults of the churches the Christ in Majesty was used to represent and sometimes the Virgin as well. Some examples of Romanesque painting can be found in Catalonia , in the Tahull churches.

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