Roman sculpture


The Roman sculpture this is considered one of the artistic most striking manifestations , no more relevant than Greek sculpture, but if I had a big influence for the time, was distributed quickly through the different regions having different functions, performances and brackets.

Roman sculpture 


What is Roman sculpture?

Roman sculpture is a form of artistic manifestation in which the inhabitants of Rome were based to create any type of  ideation that occurred to them , taken in the same way as an  extremely complex movement,  since it triggered in part what was the architectural development in Rome, thanks to the fact that most of the triumphal arches found in this country are clearly sculptures that at the time were exaggerated a bit and were left in such a way that they were upgraded , not only forming part of the sculpture, but also of architecture.  Although for many Roman sculpture is a vile copy of Greek sculpture, It knew how to develop differently in various fields, which distinguished it and made it famous throughout the world.


Origin of Roman sculpture

Its origin dates back to the 6th century BC, it is said that it was derived from ancient Greece and the sculpture that was manifested at that time, although there is also the theory that it starts from what was the heritage of Etruscan sculpture , which was one of the great and majestic artistic manifestations for the time; it is mostly compared to Hellenistic sculpture in Greece.


After starting this artistic movement based on what the Greek traditions were, however, after the Roman empire gave rise and the warriors began to develop, plagiarism with Greek traditions and customs was left behind , giving way to a new time for Rome, in which he innovated and played with what sculpture was , adding in this way what the portrait is , a branch that developed based on sculpture that caused a lot of controversy, but was quickly accepted, for the same reason. Roman sculpture rose like foam and was at the peak of its apogee, full of prestige thanks to the great techniques that were used, coupled with it,the expressions and emotions manifested were clear and vibrant , which had an irreversible impact on society.


Among the most relevant types of sculptures in this type of artistic manifestation are the following:

  • The Roman sculpture exempt.
  • Roman funerary sculpture.
  • Roman sculpture honors.
  • Imperial late Roman sculpture.

Characteristics of Roman sculpture

Roman sculpture was peculiar from the moment it originated, which is why it is very easy to distinguish from other sculptures, however, not for that reason some characteristics that discriminate against this type of art manifestation were not pointed out. will express some of these:

  • It originated by taking root in the traditions and customs of what was the Greek sculpture .
  • Progressively his theme of origin changed, for which he began to emphasize what was the narration of events, the description of them and rarely the rendering of honors to those who were the generals, captains who fought to free their land from source.
  • It reached its full apogee thanks to its innovative branch , which was the portrait , which was generally made in stone or bronze.
  • This manifestation of art is based on what naturalism is , so there is no evidence of any fanciful or imaginative exaggeration .
  • In general, most of the authors of these works of art were hidden under the faces and figures of their sculptures, that is, they were anonymous creations .
  • Many of these were used, as in Greek sculpture for what they were commemorations and cults , however, sculpture took a much higher leap in Rome at the time when it began to be confused with what architecture was.


Although at the beginning it was a little named artistic manifestation , many ramifications and many ways of expressing it arose from this , for which it was divided into various techniques, adapting to the possibilities of the artist or sculptor; thus giving creators flexibility . These techniques are the following:

  • The portrait: This type of art with which Roman sculpture reached its peak, it is divided into three parts:
  • The togatos portrait: In which the man or woman was represented in a religious way , dressed in a toga and with a cloak on the head , as a symbol of spirituality.
  • The toracatos portrait: In which the men of war were mostly represented in a military uniform , surrounded and dressed in a shell or cuirass that would protect them from any wound on the battlefield.
  • The apotheosis portrait: In which men and women were manifested and represented as a divinity , taking the sculpture far beyond the religious, becoming lewd and mischievous , since the body is represented as it came into the world, with crowns of laurel and extremely striking attributes.
  • Statues: These were the first representations that sculpture had in Rome, most of these were based on the authority figure of the region , being a way of honoring him.
  • Sarcophagi: These were created to represent what were the fights and battles fought in Rome for the time, expressing much more than emotions and highlighting relevant events of the culture .
  • Arches of triumph: Although these are in an almost imperceptible center, they began as sculptures , which were progressively exaggerated to the point of becoming architecture , however, there has always been that suspicion among sculptors and architects thanks to this controversy.


The materials commonly used in Roman sculpture are the following:

  • The bronze.
  • The stone.
  • The concrete.
  • And rarely, in its early days, oak wood.

Themes of Roman sculpture

These cultures were based mostly on divinities and realities , although they were polar opposites, what this one sought was to mix the description and narration of events with the sculpture and the native traditions of Rome, which worked effectively for them.


The importance of this artistic manifestation lies in the relevance it has for the inhabitants of Rome, coupled with this, the amount of historical and cultural content it expresses is what makes it special and unforgettable for many.

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