Style Rococo is a style design of interiors including the different decorative arts, painting, architecture and sculpture that originated in Paris at the beginning of the eighteenth century but was soon adopted around France and later over other countries , mainly in Germany and Austria. It is a type of design that is characterized by lightness , elegance and the excessive use of curvilinear and natural shapes in ornamentation. The word rococo is derived from the French word rocaille, which denotes the shell-covered rock work that was used to decorate artificial grottoes.


What is rococo?

Design style born in France that has been considered the culmination of the Baroque period , it is an independent style characterized by opulence , elegance and the use of bright colors that contrast the darkness.


Rococo characteristics

The most representative characteristics of the rococo are the following:

  • It was a style that was at the service of the bourgeoisie and the aristocracy.
  • The artist had the ability to carry out his works with greater freedom .
  • It was dedicated to luxury, parties, and comforts.
  • Seeks to represent the feelings and concerns they had in aristocratic life.
  • His works were elegant, opulent, and clear.


Rococo art has its origins in France , at the beginning of the seventeenth century and was developed during the reign of Louis XV and Louis XVI . Its name comes from the French word ” rocaille ” which means stone in Spanish and from the term ” coquille ” which means shell. These two elements gave great importance to interior ornamentation. It spread rapidly in European countries, mainly in Germany and Austria, and developed positively and rapidly until Neoclassicism arrived .

Rococo importance

The importance of Rococo art lies in the fact that, through it, interior design worked hand in hand with exterior design . All the elements belonging to the decoration are perceived as part of the building in which they are located. He broke the aesthetic ideas that were pre-established since Greek times and in classical architecture and devoted himself more to ornamentation and the use of forms based on nature, for this reason it is considered as a representative of the ideological break. It is the predecessor of different trends in architecture and design , of modernism and of thearchitecture today.


One of the main characteristics that we can observe in the architecture of the Rococo is the difference that is reflected between the exteriors and the interiors . The interior becomes a

Rococó What is it, characteristics, history, importance, works, examples

 place full of fantasy and colors, and the facades are characterized by being straightforward and simple . The orders that had been given for decades were discarded and the facades became smooth. Some buildings used to be built with pavilions and block buildings , never neglecting the correct ornamentation , cheerful colors and adequate furniture.


The sculptures were represented by delicate works made of porcelain , later marble was also used . It represented motifs related to love and they were cheerful , giving more importance to nature , with curved and asymmetrical lines . The sculpture did not have major changes that differentiate it from the baroque, but it did have a series of variations, mainly in the informality of the works, the need to capture matters related to love and seriousness. The main manifestations of Rococo sculpture are located in Germany . Its main characteristics were the curveswell elaborated, the scrolls and the ornaments in the form of shells and plants , in addition all the halls or rooms that were built had to have an oval shape , always using intricate and delicate patterns.

Rococo painting

Rococo-style painting had its main boom during the 1730s. It was known by the name of gallant painting because it wanted to encompass the entire aesthetic context that existed at that time. The painters used colors of light and delicate tones , and they painted by means of curvilinear forms . It represented through painting, cherubs, love, parties, food and endless adventures of love and courtesans. They also dedicated themselves to portraying aristocratic characters and mythological characters on canvas , giving them a touch of sensuality and joy .

Rococo representatives

  • Painting : Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Francesco Guardi, Gaya Nuño, Miguel Jacinto Meléndez and Canalete.
  • Sculpture : Giacomo Serpotta, Hipólito Rovira, Narciso Tomé and Cayetano de Acosta.
  • Literature : Friedrich Hagedorns, Ewald Christian von Kleist and Salomon Gessner.

Examples of outstanding works

Some of the most important works of painting, sculpture and architecture of the Rococo are:

  • Cupid throwing his darts at Hercules.
  • Portrait of Antonio Riccobono
  • Hercules suffocates Anteus
  • Church of San Francisco de Asís
  • Basilica of San Miguel
  • Palace of the Marquis of Dos Aguas
  • Ottobeuren basilica
  • Solitude Palace
  • Falkenlust Palace

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