From the first means of transport such as the horse- drawn cart and even the horses themselves, to the creation of automobiles ; There have been a series of traffic regulations and elements that exist within where these media travel. These have been created in order to safeguard both the means of transport as well as the integrity and safety of the drivers who travel on these public and private roads .

What is a carriageway?

When we speak of road, we simply refer to the section of roads where vehicles travel, it is the element of first impact when we observe a public road , only means of transport which are supported on tires must travel through it . Most are covered with a material that is created from petroleum which hardens, and if when they move vehicles supported by or rugas, rollers or another type of circulation element cracks and deteriorates it.

  • Definition of carriageway
  • Etymology
  • Synonyms
  • What is the road for
  • Characteristics
  • Types
  • Source
  • Story
  • Roman road
  • Importance

Definition of carriageway

The road is defined according to the common dictionary endorsed by the Royal Spanish Academy as a wide paved road which is the central part that is located between two sidewalks or sidewalks, which has the sole purpose of serving as a path by which light and heavy vehicles may have to travel.



The word road originates from the vulgar Latin word “ Calciata ” which translates as “ paved road ”. This word ended up deriving within the Latin word from the suffix ” calx ” which was the limestone that was used at first to harden the soil.


In Latin America as that common, each nation gave some adaptation to this term that is rarely called a road, generally they are called streets within urban societies in countries such as Argentina, Chile , Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela. While within rural areas and even on highways it is also very common to call them road.

What is the road for

As well described above, roads fulfill the sole and specific function of serving as a route through which vehicles can and must travel . These are very well marked, they usually separate their roads or by small curbs to separate the directions of the road and white margins to differentiate the different lanes within the same vehicular sense.


The roads have many outstanding characteristics, among them the main ones are:

  • The roads are formed mainly of a mixture called asphalt, which within its main components is a large amount of oil which is treated to become tar, in turn a large number of stones are added. and it is placed hot on the ground through machinery .
  • Among the machinery used to place the asphalt, an asphalt pouring machine is used mainly , as well as a leveler which goes behind the previous one named, flattened the mixture to give it the shape that it is normally seen.
  • At first, an attempt was made to make public cement roads, but this term was rather a problem since it was not made to resist the constant flow of weight on this material, so it ends up breaking.
  • It driveway so usually is often confused him with another term called ” shoe ” which refers to the garment that is placed on the feet to protect also called shoes or slippers.


Within the types of footwear there are only 3 types which differ solely and exclusively by their location . These are:

Public roads

Public roads make up all those roads that connected the entire city to each other. Of the three types, this is the one that maintains the highest traffic flow.

Private driveways

The private roads, as their name indicates, are all those roads that are owned by large companies and the like, such as large hotels that have internal routes, international companies that are found by sectors such as factories of aliemos and beverages such as Coca Queue, and even also national bodies such as airports. These maintain a very limited vehicular flow that can be almost zero.

Viavicinal roads

They are the roads that connect both cities and towns, they maintain a regular flow, however it cannot be compared to that of public roads, although if there is something to note is that freight vehicles such as vehicles pass through these roads. trucks in large quantity.


There is no fixed origin that sticks to the term of what a road today means. The origin closest to reality is found in the first civilizations of the world, specifically in Egypt where there were routes for camels and carriages to circulate, and although these were not delimited by any physical object, there were imaginary lines that projected the pedestrians in order to avoid accidents.


The first causeways to actually date history are found in the ancient civilizations of Rome and Greece. These two great nations in their cities maintained roads made of limestone and other materials for the transit of their horses and carriages.

In the case of Greece, the roads were totally different from the sidewalks in terms of their physical appearance , however, the roads were not really large and were generally used for triumphal entrances, arrivals of kings and renowned visitors or for cases of emergencies such as wars and attacks from other nations.

For its part, Rome is considered a pioneer in the creation of roads since they played an extremely important role in its development as it was born and in turn serving as a contribution for the next advances of this road element.

Roman road

When it comes to the subject of roads, much merit is given to Rome since this nation had a great engineering development within this area.

The roads in this nation were truly works of art that could not only be seen for their beauty but also allowed the improvement of military strategies as an element of communication between the troops, for their part, they constituted an element that merchants really enjoyed already. that helped them to move from one place to another in less time.

It should be noted that this allowed him to conquer every corner of the surrounding lands, in addition to promoting cultural exchange, and its subsequent adaptation by Italy, which was very close to Rome and any other nation that was under his command.


The roads that are currently covered with asphalt constitute an extremely important road element, since without it the vehicles and the road arteries would find themselves in a moderately critical situation , since the vehicles of common use are not currently adapted to travel on other areas while the tracks that are made of other materials do not have a very long useful life.

For their part, roads by themselves represent a very important safety element within society since they correctly delimit the vehicular passage of pedestrians, thus greatly reducing accidents such as road accidents and others that arise on public roads, as well as it correctly separates one lane from another that is in a different direction, avoiding accidents of this type.

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