Rhythmic Gymnastics


The rhythmic gymnastics is an exclusive sport women in which the gymnasts make your performance in a cement floor using different objects like ropes, hoops, balls and ribbons, accompanied by music, either in groups or form individually . This activity is the perfect combination of sport and art , connecting expressive dance steps with different skills and movements . Rhythmic gymnastics is suitable for women and girls of all ages. It is a great way to increase your confidence and creative abilities.


Rhythmic Gymnastics

Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport practiced by women in which sport, art and dance are combined through different skills and movements and using a series of instruments such as strings, rings, ribbons and balls to give it an aesthetic sense.


What is rhythmic gymnastics?

Rhythmic gymnastics includes many profound aspects besides a dance, the gymnast has to perform various movements such as jumping, twirling and dancing, all while manipulating and throwing different apparatus, and all to the rhythm of the music . It’s not easy, but rhythmic gymnasts have to make it look like easy work.


History of rhythmic gymnastics

Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that had its origin during the 30s in the Soviet Union , however, there is evidence that this type of sport was born in the 18th century and that it was practiced in Western Europe . Over the years, it has evolved and improved enormously, until, in 1984 , it was declared an Olympic sport , and rules and foundations were established for its practice.


The movements performed in this sport are the basis of it, and can be performed in different directions, always using the harmony of the movements with the rhythm of the music. Some of the most common movements are:

  • Jumps : you must have good amplitude and coordination , the stride, Cossack, arched, are some types of jumps that are practiced in the discipline.
  • Balances : in this movement the athlete must acquire a position of total balance and remain in it for at least two minutes. It can be the horizontal balance, the passé, the penché, etc.
  • Twists : they are known as rotations and can be performed with the foot in a flat position, on the toe or with some other part of the body.
  • Waves : they are made with the support of one foot or both and have their degree of difficulty .

Rules of rhythmic gymnastics

The rules of rhythmic gymnastics will depend on the type of movement that is being executed, in this way we can mention the following:

Jumps and jumps

  • All jumps must have a good height , have a clear shape and good width.
  • All arched back jumps must keep the head in contact with the leg.


  • Balances should be done with the toes and / or the knee . They must be clear movements and have a good fixed form.


  • The different pivot combinations must be performed entirely with the fingers without using the heel as support .


Rhythmic gymnastics tests are performed on a mat and the duration of the exercises is approximately 90 seconds in the individual modality and 150 seconds in the group category.

Apparatus and equipment

In rhythmic gymnastics there are several instruments or equipment that can be used to develop routines, among them we can mention the following:

  • Rope : this must be made of a light and quite flexible material , it can be made of hemp or some type of synthetic material ; It is generally used to jump, and to jump rope you can add shots, circles, rotations and figures of eight.
  • Ring : the rings are made of plastic and sometimes of wood ; the twists are used by making them rotate around the hand or the body and can be combined with circular movements, figures of eight, strips, ribbons, it can be passed over the hoop doing different types of movements.
  • Ball : the balls or balls are made of rubber or synthetic material , generally measuring between 18 and 20 centimeters in diameter; the balls are used in the hands, giving them different types of movement and adding spins, shots, bounces or rolls.
  • Sticks or canes : they are made of wood or synthetic material ; use the sticks to play to the beat of the music, then add small mills and circles, asymmetrical movements, throws and catches.
  • Ribbons : they are approximately 6 meters long and this is probably the most popular event for spectators; the tape is used for large, fluid movements , to make spirals, circles and snakes.
  • Hands-free : this is the type of rhythmic gymnastics that is done without any type of apparatus ; the emphasis is on style, technique, and execution of dance skills.

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