Reproductive system


To reproduce and continue the human species, our body has a reproductive system for each sex, which allows giving life to other living beings and forming families with their generations . Human reproduction occurs through sexual intercourse in which a male cell (sperm) and a female cell (ovum) are necessary so that together they can generate a new living being .


What is the reproductive system?

The reproductive system is the group of different organs in the body responsible for reproductive function . Both men and women have a reproductive system that together serve for the reproduction of living beings. The male is made up mainly of the penis and testicles , which are located on the outside of the body. In women, it is inside her womb and is mainly made up of the uterus and ovaries .

  • features
  • What is the function of the reproductive system
  • Parties
  • How does it work
  • Reproductive system diseases
  • Care
  • Differences between the reproductive system of men and women
  • Importance


The characteristics of the male and female reproductive system will be presented below.


Male reproductive system

  • It serves to produce male sex cells and sperm.
  • It is made up of the penis and the testicles.
  • The testicles are located inside the scrotum.
  • The male genitalia are located outside the womb.
  • The prostate and seminal vesicles are organs that produce semen.
  • Sperm are transported in semen.

Female reproductive system

  • It is used to produce female sex cells and eggs.
  • It is made up of the uterus and the ovaries.
  • The female genitalia are found inside the belly.
  • When the ovum is fertilized by the sperm, the reproduction process begins.

What is the function of the reproductive system

The main function of the reproductive system is to generate a new living being from two beings, one female and the other male.


The reproductive system is made up of internal and external organs that will be presented below according to the male and female gender.

Parts of the male reproductive system

The male reproductive system is made up of the following organs:

  • The testicles: it is the main organ of the male reproductive system. They are located inside the scrotum and their function is to produce sperm cells and male sex hormones.
  • The penis: this organ is used for copulation and urinary excretion. It is made up of a spongy body and the corpora cavernosa. The function of the penis is to deposit semen during intercourse.
  • The prostate: it is an internal organ of the male reproductive system, has a chestnut shape and is located in front of the rectum, below the bladder. Its function is to produce seminal fluid that protects the sperm found in semen.

Parts of the female reproductive system

The female reproductive system is made up of the following organs:

  • The ovaries: They are located in the abdominal cavity. Its function is to produce the ovules and the hormones progesterone and estrogens.
  • The Fallopian troops: They are tubes of 10 to 13 cm. That communicate the ovaries with the uterus. Inside the tubes the initial fertilization process occurs until the zygote descends into the uterus where the fetus will develop for nine months.
  • The uterus: It is the muscular and hollow organ where the fetus develops.
  • The vagina: It is the tube that communicates with the outside, with the uterus. Its function is to receive the penis to receive the sperm and deliver the baby at the time of delivery.
  • The vulva: It is the external part of the female reproductive system and it is the one that receives the penis in the sexual act. It is made up of the clitoris, the lips, the mons pubis and the vulvar vestibule. Urine is also expelled through this organ.

How does it work

The reproductive system of man and woman works in a complementary way to fulfill its function of creating another living being.

In the case of men, by developing their genital organs, they are able to produce semen through the excitement of their penis. If he has sexual intercourse and penetrates the woman through the vagina, an ejaculation may occur that within the woman’s genitals and the sperm will travel to the eggs seeking to penetrate them to fertilize them and give life to another being .

In the case of women, she is born with many eggs or reproductive cells within her ovaries. When a woman reaches puberty, she begins to produce sex hormones that lead to her menstrual cycle. In this cycle, the woman releases eggs that may or may not be fertilized . If the egg is fertilized, a new living being is formed, but if not, the egg dries up and leaves the body, with blood and internal tissues. This process is known as menstruation.

When a sperm fertilizes the egg, the zygote is formed, which is the union of these two cells . Female hormones help in this process to form the embryo and later the fetus, which will develop within the woman’s placenta.

After nine months of gestation, the cervix will dilate and its walls will generate contractions so that the baby can exit through the vagina.

Reproductive system diseases

The reproductive system can be attacked by some sexually transmitted diseases that can endanger the life of the man, the woman or the child to come.

Currently there are many sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, HIV, gonorrhea, HPV , among others, that affect the reproductive system of men and women, generating damage that can be irreversible or that can put the lives of one or more people.

There are also other diseases that can be generated by lack of cleanliness , by friction in the crotch or by other factors that can generate certain irritations in the genital organs.

For this reason, it is necessary to be well informed about the functioning of the reproductive system, have a good personal hygiene and consult with specialists in case of feeling any internal or external pain or discomfort in the genital organs.


To take care of the health of the reproductive system, it is necessary to follow the following recommendations according to gender:

Care for the male reproductive system

  • Wash the genital area and the anal area with toilet soap every day. Pull back the foreskin well to clean the glans or head of the penis with soap. It is important to remove the soap well so that irritations do not occur.
  • Carefully dry the genital area to avoid the proliferation of fungi or irritations.
  • Do not use deodorants or perfumes. It is advisable to use talcum powder on the testicles if there is a lot of perspiration.
  • Wear loose cotton underwear to avoid excessive sweating.
  • Change underwear every day.

Care for the female reproductive system

  • After urinating, clean the genital area with neutral toilet paper.
  • Carefully and delicately clean the external organs with mild soap. If there is any type of irritation, an intimate care soap should be used.
  • Do not wash the vagina because it can become irritated.
  • Change underwear daily. The use of cotton garments that allow the area to be ventilated is recommended. Synthetic underwear can cause irritation or infection.
  • Use sanitary pads in case of menstruation and if there are unpleasant odors, clean the external genital area with intimate care soap.
  • Do not use deodorants, powders, or perfumes on the genital area.
  • See a doctor in case of heavy flow, pain in the genital area, inflammation or an unpleasant odor. Do not self-medicate.

Differences between the reproductive system of men and women

Among the differences that exist between the reproductive system of men and women, the following can be mentioned:

  • The organs of the male reproductive system are mostly outside the belly, while the female reproductive system is inside the belly.
  • The reproductive system of the man produces semen in which the sperm travel. The female reproductive system produces eggs that are fertilized by sperm.
  • The testes produce sperm and testosterone. The ovaries produce eggs, estrogens, and progesterone.
  • The reproductive system of the woman has space to house the fetus during its development. The male does not.
  • A man’s urethra is longer than a woman’s.


It is very important for human beings, since through the organs that make it up we can reproduce and eliminate liquid waste from the body.

For both men and women, the reproductive system represents an important element of their body because through the sexual act it is possible to generate pleasure and give life to other human beings that will give continuity to humanity.

But it is important to know how it works and how to keep it healthy so as not to contract sexually transmitted diseases or others that may affect the reproduction of a living being or the health of its parents.

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