Renaissance art


Renaissance art includes the painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and literature that emerged during the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries in Europe under the combined influences of nature , a revival of classical learning, and an individualistic view of man. It was a period in which important artists and geniuses emerged who worked individually. The important families of Italy provided them with endless benefits and protections . The art of the Renaissance came to break with all the old traditions to impose a new one, based on the human body and all the different things that surrounded thenatur.


What is Renaissance art?

Renaissance art occurred in Europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and is one that becomes aware of the individual, always respecting classic models and focusing on man and his actions.


Characteristics of Renaissance art

Its characteristics are based on the time, some of them are the following:

  • The classical painting recovered again.
  • Roman and Greek culture was given importance .
  • There is a better conception and appreciation of individuals, an aspect better known as anthropocentrism .
  • The search for symmetry , beauty and perspective came first.
  • They gave importance to the proportion of the human body and this was the pillar of the structures.
  • I was looking for the balance of the different forms.

Origin of Renaissance art

The origin of Renaissance art is in the city of Florence . It arose as a result of a progressive opening of the cities of the time to trade . With this opening, a series of social groups known as bourgeois emerged , which invested much of their money in comparing different works of art. For this reason, the artists of the time left the exclusive service of God to give way to the observation of nature and man . For this reason, it is said that the Renaissance came to break all the artistic traditions that existed in the Middle Ages.


Historical sources indicate that interest in nature, humanistic learning and individualism were present in the late medieval period and that they became dominant in Italy during the 15th and 16th centuries and that at the same time a series of changes Social and economic aspects such as the secularization of daily life, the emergence of a rational economy of monetary credit and a great social mobility promoted this type of art. The history of Renaissance art is based on humanism, which was a movement organized by artists and intellectuals of the time. The different influences of advances in the area of science , advances in medicine and in the studies of the works of different philosophers of antiquity developed a particular way of seeing beauty . The first cities to use Renaissance art were Florence , Venice and Milan and they perfected the forms.

Importance of Renaissance art

Renaissance art What is it, characteristics, history, painting, sculpture

The art of the Renaissance is important because it marks a step in the history of mankind , the modern era begins with it . Individuality , personal achievements are valued through knowledge and a new cult for fame arises , at which time sculptures and paintings seek to exalt important figures. The individual is also given the importance he deserved with respect to his creations and contributed to society great concepts of knowledge and personal success.


In the field of architecture, Roman and Greek sculptures began to be elaborated, always worrying about perfection and the correct balance . They used the columns and pilasters , plus arches of half point. The Greek pediment regained importance as did the domes.


He gave special importance to the correct proportions and they sought a new vision that was based on the beauty of naked bodies to represent different hidden passions . The human body had a very important value and equestrian sculpture also took more importance. The mythological and secular themes of the past re-gained importance with art during the Renaissance period.


Renaissance painting was very similar to Roman painting . Three-dimensional works that involved volume , color, and light were created. The main vision of Renaissance painting was linear and aerial and the technique they mainly used was oil painting . Religious and mythological themes were represented through it and architectural backgrounds were included in his works.

Representatives of Renaissance art

Within Renaissance painting we can mention authors such as Fra Angelico , Botticelli , Rafael , Albrecht Dürer and Domenico Theotocopulus, who was also known as Greco .

In the Ghibarti sculpture , Michelangelo and Donatello were the main exponents and were known worldwide.

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