We all know that one of our greatest needs is to live in society, in communication with others. That is why interpersonal relationships arise Some factors such as personality, cognitive functions, desire and affective state influence their establishment.


What are interpersonal relationships?

Interpersonal relationships are reciprocal interactions between two or more people respecting their space and accepting each other as they are, with defects and virtues. Its base is  the communication , understood as the human ability to get and give information.



It is the set of contacts that humans have with other people. Through them we can grow because they help us to achieve propitious goals for our personal development.


These interactions are the foundation of coexistence in society and occur in multiple spaces such as family, school, work, clubs, couples, friends. The way we live with others reflects to the world how we are


Interpersonal relationships are characterized by:

  • They are indispensable in every society and its groups.
  • They satisfy in some way, explicit or implicit physical and emotional needs of each
  • Regardless of the context where they occur, they can be healthy and unhealthy.
  • In every relationship there are passive, assertive and aggressive people.
  • They are tempered by moments of discrepancy and conflicts, because proper maintenance of them is not easy.
  • They can be regulated by laws, habits or mutual agreements of those who establish them.


 There are different types of interpersonal relationships . Here are some of them:

  • Strong: They meet many of the emotional and physical needs of people.
  • Weak : They are mild and compensate for simple needs.
  • Intimate: They occur when there are emotional deficiencies that want to be covered starting from the bond with other individuals.
  • Superficial: They are established when the approach between the subjects is beginning.
  • ircumstantial: They occur in certain situations, such as a medical visit or other type of service.


It has been proven that interactions with other individuals are not the same. In this sense, there are several styles to make contacts.

  • Passive style: Those who practice it do not participate, they listen without expressing opinions, feelings, they do not demand their rights within the group. They prefer not to express disagreements to avoid
  • Aggressive style: The tendency of people is to disagreement and conflict when communicating and requesting what is required. They do not usually accept the opinions of others.
  • Manipulative style: They try to agree with everyone according to their convenience, they victimize themselves, they appear not to understand, they cover up their feelings and opinions. They use flattery to make a profit.
  • Assertive Style: The main thing is that they are authentic people who respectfully express their disagreement. They demand their rights accepting those of others, they express their opinions arguing.

Positive interpersonal relationships

They are those through which people are pleased. They are characterized by the presence of empathy, cooperation and commitment to the welfare of others. Those who establish them manifest positive emotions, they are oriented to build productive things. They appreciate the good in existence and generally improve their social life online.

Chaotic interpersonal relationships

Not all relationships are positive and pleasant. There are many that are chaotic, because it is not enough to want to listen and know how to do it. There has to be empathy and reciprocity.

Some become problematic, toxic, when one or more of the participants does not meet their needs. As a consequence dependence, addictions, low self-esteem, isolation can arise.

Relationship with leadership

The leadership is directly related to interpersonal relationships . It is defined as the ability to influence the behavior of the members of a group. It is one of the main aspects used to mediate the decisions of the members. The purpose is that they are directed to the achievement of collective goals of common interest on their own initiative.

Not all are leaders, but those who have the capacity to be know the usefulness of interpersonal relationships by using them to gain followers. It means that they know how to value and promote them to obtain excellent results. This type of leadership does not only exist in a company, but in other institutions such as educational, family and any kind where groups of individuals converge.

Interpersonal relationships at work

They are what happens in the workplace. They represent an important factor because their quality influences the construction of an adequate organizational climate and the productivity of the different organizations. If they are good, they boost teamwork and motivation. If they are bad, individualism and apathy prevail.

Under this conception, it is essential to promote good interpersonal relationships at work. It is achieved by putting into practice mutual respect, trust, solidarity, establishing limits and supporting the resolution of conflicts.

In the educational field

It is estimated that they are the foundation for the construction of knowledge. A school is essentially a community of interactions directed to the teaching-learning process. For this reason, an effort must be made so that they are suitable among all the people who live on the school premises.

Adults must begin by meeting the needs of attention, support, understanding, communication that students have. So they, in turn, learn to respect, trust and live in harmony with everyone else.

In the family

The family is the space where the first social contacts take place. At home you learn from childhood to interact with other beings in the environment. Even if it is between families, they can be superficial. The existing authority-affect binomial somehow regulates relationships.

Ideally, they should be respectful, cordial, and marked by trust. You need to set good examples for children. Encourage them the values ​​continuously in that daily interaction. It should be noted that the most persistent interpersonal relationships over time are family relationships.

With the clients

Currently, it is pertinent to put into practice many tools to guarantee business success. Customer service is one of the main ones in terms of contact with the consumer .

In this sense, they should create an environment optimal for adequate r elations interpersonal thus are useful for meeting the needs of the customer. Similarly, every effort will be made to maintain, deepen and solidify them through trust and respect.

 How they differ from affective relationships

The difference lies in the way of maintaining them and the feelings generated. Affective relationships are deeply tied to emotions and attachment.

It means that there is considerable emotional closeness between those who live them, waiting for their continuity and stability over time. Considering the different types of affection, they arise between spouses, parents and children, friends or special beings in life.

How to improve interpersonal relationships

It must be borne in mind that they are the result of constant effort . To improve them, you have to cover the needs of others but with pleasure, by your own disposition not by obligation. It’s about giving and receiving the same treatment.

The effort implies being a detail-oriented day by day, putting into practice good manners, active listening, empathy, learning to trust others and above all trust in themselves. In addition, you have to manage your emotions very well, manage anger and cooperate in conflict resolution .


They are very important because we cannot live without relating to ourselves and to other human beings. Much of our shortcomings find satisfaction in the positive response of other individuals.

Therefore, it is they who contribute to the desired personal self-realization . Hence the relevance of developing ourselves in a social context where we receive stimuli to grow. Empathizing with others, talking, sharing experiences and meeting new friends gives us energy and vitality.

Without a doubt, interpersonal relationships have to be present in all areas of life. Without forgetting that the way to carry them out is a reflection of how we are.


The interpersonal relationships between couples, parents and children, siblings, co-workers, members of institutions such as schools, companies. In recreational, cultural, religious spaces in any place where two or more people are.

Featured Authors

There are many researchers whose focus of study is interpersonal relationships. Some are: Kurt Lewin, Carl Rogers, Harry Stack Sullivan, Elton Mayo, Abrahm Maslow among others.


  • How to Win Friends and Influence People. Dale Carnegie.
  • The four Agreements. Miguel Ángel Ruiz Macías.
  • I hear you. Michael Sorensen.
  • The Myth of Charisma. Olivia Fox Cabane.

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