# Pythagoras

The philosopher **Pythagoras** , a **Greek ****pre-Socratic** is probably one of the most important people in the world, despite not having written any type of article. It is also difficult to say how much of what we are told about the life of Pythagoras is reliable; because the exact details of his life are still unknown. We can see him sometimes represented as a **man** of **science** , and sometimes as a **preacher** of **mystical doctrines. ** What we do know is that between Pythagoras and **mysticism** there was a mixture and union. Originally from **Samos** , Pythagoras founded in **Kroton**a society that was at the same time a **religious** community and a **scientific school** .

**When was he born:**569 BC**Where he was born:**Samos, Greece**When he died:**475 BC**Where he died:**Metaponto

## Who was Pythagoras?

**Philosopher** and **mathematician** of **Greek** origin, founder of **the Pythagorean theorem** and the school, who developed mathematics in ancient Greece, characterized by its **mysticism** and **esotericism** in eastern religions.

- Pythagoras biography
- Pythagoras thought
- Contributions
- Math
- Arche
- Pythagoras works
- Phrases
- Curiosities

## Pythagoras biography

Pythagoras’s father was named **Mnesarchus** and his mother was known as **Pythais** and was originally from Samos. Mnesarchus was a merchant from **Tire** . As a child, he spent his early years in **Samos** , however, he traveled a lot with his father. Found Mnesarchus reports that Pythagoras returned to Tire and there he taught the **Chaldeans** and **scholars** of **Syria** . It is believed that he had two brothers, although some sources say that he had three. What is known is that he had a good **education** , learned to play the **lyre** , learned **poetry** and recited **Homer**. There were several teachers who influenced Pythagoras when he was young. One of the most important was **Pherekydes** , who many describe as the **teacher of Pythagoras** . The other two were Thales and his disciple Anaximander , who lived in **Miletus** . Thales created a strong impression on Pythagoras and contributed to Pythagoras’ interest in mathematics and astronomy . In 535 BC, he traveled to Egypt where he visited many of the temples and participated in many discussions with the priests. He managed to enter the temple of **Diospolis** , where he was accepted into the **priesthood** after completing the necessary rites for admission.

## Pythagoras thought

He thought that the one is a **being** that had been created in **harmony** , in which it is **fire** and the **spirit** moved **freely** . That spirit was **indivisible** , **not manifest** and had a **creative** thought . He believed that he was hidden behind the multiple so that he could be confused and penetrate in essence. He believed that the universe was divided into the **natural world** , the **human** and the **divine**, since this triad formed the law of things and life. For him, the soul was the body that the spirit built, it was what encouraged the body, which was capable of surviving after death. He also considered man as a living being that had a **soul** and **intelligence** .

## Contributions

- He founded the
**Pythagorean school**that catapulted him to become a legend since he was a great sage in his time. - She insisted on gender
**equality**as women played an important role in her school despite not being able to participate in politics. - He gave us the
**musical scale**when he managed to establish the proportional intervals and how their relationship generated dissonance or consonance. - He created the
**theory of music**or**harmony**of**spheres**where all celestial bodies move with each musical note. - He systematized abstract ideas and considered the
**numbers**that make up the universe. - He was able to make observations regarding
**irrational**,**perfect,**and**friendly**numbers . - He created the
**Pythagorean theorem**to find the squares on the sides of a right triangle .

## Math

He studied **right triangles** and their relationships with **catches** and the **hypotenuse** . His theorem said that: if a and b are the lengths of the legs of a **right triangle** and c is the **length of** the hypotenuse, the **total sum** of the squares that have the **lengths** will be equal to the **square** that has the length of the **hypotenuse** . His mathematical formula was represented as follows: **a ^{2} + b ^{2} = c ^{2.}**

## Arche

According to Pythagoras, a **figure** corresponded to each thing and this figure in turn, corresponded to a number according to its shape since things are **numbers** . Since the numbers are defining the shapes, if they didn’t exist then **things** couldn’t **exist either** .

## Pythagoras works

Among his most important works we can mention:

- Pythagoras theorem
- Pythagorean triples
- Regular solids
- The perfect numbers
- The friendly numbers
- Irrational numbers

## Phrases

*The***happiness**is being able to join the beginning to the end.*The***man**is mortal and immortal by their fears for their desires.**Educate**the children and it will not be necessary to**punish**the men.*Choose a***woman**who you can say: I could have chosen more beautiful, but not better.*To educate is not to give a career to live, but to***temper**the**soul**for the**difficulties**of life.*You need to*find the infinitely great in the infinitely small, to feel the**presence**of**God**.

## Curiosities

- When he was 18 he participated in the
**Olympics**and won all the medals in boxing. - He was considered crazy because he said he heard
**supernatural voices**. - He was the first scientist to call the same
**star**Vesperus and Phosphorus . - He was the first to establish a
**relationship**between**music**and**mathematics**.