The philosopher Pythagoras , a Greek pre-Socratic is probably one of the most important people in the world, despite not having written any type of article. It is also difficult to say how much of what we are told about the life of Pythagoras is reliable; because the exact details of his life are still unknown. We can see him sometimes represented as a man of science , and sometimes as a preacher of mystical doctrines.  What we do know is that between Pythagoras and mysticism there was a mixture and union. Originally from Samos , Pythagoras founded in Krotona society that was at the same time a religious community and a scientific school .

  • When was he born:  569 BC
  • Where he was born:  Samos, Greece
  • When he died:  475 BC
  • Where he died:  Metaponto

Who was Pythagoras?

Philosopher and mathematician of Greek origin, founder of the Pythagorean theorem and the school, who developed mathematics in ancient Greece, characterized by its mysticism and esotericism in eastern religions.

  • Pythagoras biography
  • Pythagoras thought
  • Contributions
  • Math
  • Arche
  • Pythagoras works
  • Phrases
  • Curiosities

Pythagoras biography

Pythagoras’s father was named Mnesarchus and his mother was known as Pythais and was originally from Samos. Mnesarchus was a merchant from Tire . As a child, he spent his early years in Samos , however, he traveled a lot with his father. Found Mnesarchus reports that Pythagoras returned to Tire and there he taught the Chaldeans and scholars of Syria . It is believed that he had two brothers, although some sources say that he had three. What is known is that he had a good education , learned to play the lyre , learned poetry and recited Homer. There were several teachers who influenced Pythagoras when he was young. One of the most important was Pherekydes , who many describe as the teacher of Pythagoras . The other two were Thales and his disciple Anaximander , who lived in Miletus . Thales created a strong impression on Pythagoras and contributed to Pythagoras’ interest in mathematics and astronomy . In 535 BC, he traveled to Egypt where he visited many of the temples and participated in many discussions with the priests. He managed to enter the temple of Diospolis , where he was accepted into the priesthood after completing the necessary rites for admission.

Pythagoras thought

He thought that the one is a being that had been created in harmony , in which it is fire and the spirit moved freely . That spirit was indivisible , not manifest and had a creative thought . He believed that he was hidden behind the multiple so that he could be confused and penetrate in essence. He believed that the universe was divided into the natural world , the human and the divine, since this triad formed the law of things and life. For him, the soul was the body that the spirit built, it was what encouraged the body, which was capable of surviving after death. He also considered man as a living being that had a soul and intelligence .


  • He founded the Pythagorean school that catapulted him to become a legend since he was a great sage in his time.
  • She insisted on gender equality as women played an important role in her school despite not being able to participate in politics.
  • He gave us the musical scale when he managed to establish the proportional intervals and how their relationship generated dissonance or consonance.
  • He created the theory of music or harmony of spheres where all celestial bodies move with each musical note.
  • He systematized abstract ideas and considered the numbers that make up the universe.
  • He was able to make observations regarding irrational , perfect, and friendly numbers .
  • He created the Pythagorean theorem to find the squares on the sides of a right triangle .


He studied right triangles and their relationships with catches and the hypotenuse . His theorem said that: if a and b are the lengths of the legs of a right triangle and c is the length of the hypotenuse, the total sum of the squares that have the lengths will be equal to the square that has the length of the hypotenuse . His mathematical formula was represented as follows:  2 + b 2 = c 2.


According to Pythagoras, a figure corresponded to each thing and this figure in turn, corresponded to a number according to its shape since things are numbers . Since the numbers are defining the shapes, if they didn’t exist then things couldn’t exist either .

Pythagoras works

Among his most important works we can mention:

  • Pythagoras theorem
  • Pythagorean triples
  • Regular solids
  • The perfect numbers
  • The friendly numbers
  • Irrational numbers


  • The happiness is being able to join the beginning to the end.
  • The man is mortal and immortal by their fears for their desires.
  • Educate the children and it will not be necessary to punish the men.
  • Choose a woman who you can say: I could have chosen more beautiful, but not better.
  • To educate is not to give a career to live, but to temper the soul for the difficulties of life.
  • You need to find the infinitely great in the infinitely small, to feel the presence of God .


  • When he was 18 he participated in the Olympics and won all the medals in boxing.
  • He was considered crazy because he said he heard supernatural voices .
  • He was the first scientist to call the same star Vesperus and Phosphorus .
  • He was the first to establish a relationship between music and mathematics .

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