Professional ethics

The ethics is an important and can be defined as a science related to the wide field moral conduct that is responsible for analyzing the society , establishing the same time the ways in which the individuals who make up should act or behave . It is possible to find different types of ethics, one of them is known by the name of professional ethics , one of the most important fields in the professional field.

What is professional ethics?

Professional ethics is a group of ethical standards that are applied in different work activities . It is the ethics that governs the deontological and professional codes by means of values and principles setting the guidelines of conduct for the adequate performance of the functions.

  • Definition
  • What is professional ethics for?
  • features
  • Types
  • Professional ethics in psychology
  • Professional ethics in engineering
  • Professional ethics in medicine
  • Professional ethics in architecture
  • Importance


Professional ethics is a group of norms and human values that should govern the way in which workers act within an organization . It is a type of ethics that is based mainly on a series of universal values that are also part of human rights and that include aspects such as responsibility, discretion, respect and honesty, among others, applied specifically to the labor field .

What is professional ethics for?

Professional ethics serves to mark the different patterns that can govern the conduct , which are necessary for properly can perform the functions work always following the ethical framework . It is the way in which all the activities that are carried out within the framework of a certain profession can be regulated .

It is the means by which it becomes possible to put aside all individual benefits in order to then work together for the common good . It is the way in which behaviors can be established and created within the performance of a certain profession . Thanks to professional ethics, the best models for adequate work development can be determined through the values ​​that human beings have.


There are several characteristics that make professional ethics unique, among them the following are mentioned:

  • It is based on a group of universal values
  • All acts related to professional ethics carry a significant degree of responsibility .
  • It can be specified by the codes of ethics , typical of the different professions.
  • It includes a series of behaviors that are considered as expected and not expected by the members of a certain profession.
  • It is based on a series of rights that govern the behaviors that are exercised in a specific profession or within a company.
  • It involves a series of different duties that must be fulfilled by professionals.
  • With it, social and moral norms can be met that improve the harmony of society.


There are several types of professional ethics that can be found in the labor and social field . Among them are mentioned:

  • Legal ethics : in this type of ethics all the principles that are part of the practice of law are established . Among them we mention professional secrecy and the right to defense.
  • Medical ethics : it is the ethics that determines the correct actions that must be carried out by health professionals in the face of different situations that can create conflicts between morality and the professional’s duty.
  • Teaching ethics : it implies all the necessary criteria, the duties and the rights of educators that should govern their profession as well as the relationship that must be established between them and the students.
  • Military ethics : it is in charge of establishing all the criteria that must be followed in order to carry out a military action that is responsible in order to limit all actions that may generate violence in the State.
  • Business ethics : includes all the moral aspects that are part of the responsibility of companies.
  • Environmental ethics : analyzes the way of behaving of the human being with respect to the environment and is related to other areas such as medicine , law and economics .

Professional ethics in psychology

It is important to understand that psychology, having the subjectivity of the human being as its field of study , needs a series of moral principles that make it possible for professionals to act without undermining the integrity of the patient who needs care. It is for this reason that professional ethics can regulate the profession avoiding a series of behaviors that put into question the prestige of the career and the health of patients.

Thanks to the development of the codes of ethics, it has been possible to legalize the regulations that regulate the morals of the practice of psychology professionals. In the professional ethics of psychology, there are a series of ethical codes that are characterized mainly by ethical principles and by statements related to the practice of the profession, which are mandatory. Some of the contents of the codes of ethics of psychology are the following:

  • Responsibility.
  • Competence.
  • Relationship between clients.
  • Confidentiality.
  • Aspects related to psychological methods, investigations, reports and statements.
  • Relations between professionals.
  • Research and education.
  • Appointments of professionals.
  • Ways to obtain consent from patients.
  • Labor conditions.
  • Behavior of psychology staff.

Professional ethics in engineering

Professional ethics in the field of engineering are a group of standards and fundamental principles that have the function of guiding the duty that must be fulfilled by professionals in the profession and in all acts related to the career . This professional code follows a series of important principles which are related to the safety , health and welfare of the public. they serve, the provision of services in areas that are solely within their competence, the way in which engineers act in matters related to their career and the way in which professionals must build their professional reputation among others.

The code of ethics for engineers is also based on the conduct that every professional must have and taking into account the possible ethical conflicts that may arise, several important aspects have been established , among which are mentioned below:

  • Personal ties between engineers, contractors, clients and competitors.
  • The way in which the participants conduct themselves legally.
  • Issues related to conflicts of interest .
  • The bribery and bribery .
  • The way in which personal information should be treated .

Professional ethics in medicine

Professional ethics in medicine is a system of principles of a moral nature that must be applied to career practice and scientific research . Among the main principles that govern medical professional ethics we can find honesty , personal integrity , non- discrimination and confidentiality . It is through this type of ethics that patients achieve the certainty and security that their data and personal and medical information It will always be private and your wishes must also be respected by the professional who attends you.

It is also known by the name of medical deontology and is applied by obligation throughout the world with the main objective of fostering and promoting the development of ethics within the professional field. Failure to comply with any of the points included in these ethical codes may even be sanctioned by law .

Professional ethics in architecture

In the field of architecture there are a series of ethical norms that are in charge of regulating and controlling that the actions of professionals are carried out correctly, thus allowing members of society and professionals to function and work in harmony . Values ​​such as honesty , commitment , responsibility and truthfulness are fundamental aspects of professional ethics in this field, taking into account that architecture is a profession whose main objective is to provide solidarity services to society.


Professional ethics is of utmost importance because it is thanks to it that individual benefits are put aside in the practice of a professional career in order to be able to work together and in harmony to achieve a common good . All professions must demand a series of duties and obligations that must be fulfilled by workers.

It is important to be able to make decisions that do not affect the individuals who work with professionals, to apply morals in the professional field and so that human values are respected at all times.


Some examples of professional ethics are as follows:

  • When a patient is ill and decides not to tell others about his problem, the doctor must always keep professional secrecy.
  • When a worker, despite not feeling well emotionally, manages to fulfill all his obligations giving the best of himself.
  • Confidentiality agreements signed between lawyers and clients.

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