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Pancho Villa

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He dedicated part of his life to robbing trains and banks , looting businesses , or attacking the system , and then distributing a large part of what was stolen to the poor; For this reason,  Pancho Villa  was known as “the friend of the poor, “ and later, with his revolutionary activity, “the invincible general . 

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Personal information

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  • When was born:  06/05/1878
  • Where he was born:  La Coyotada, Mexico
  • When he died:  07/20/1923
  • Where he died:  Parral, Mexico

Who was Pancho Villa?

Pancho Villa was a revolutionary hero , a brave horseman who fought for the Mexican Revolution with true love and patriotism, although he also committed many crimes along the way due to the lack of support from the government. He was also known by the name of Francisco Villa.

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  • Biography of Pancho Villa
  • Death
  • What did Pancho Villa do
  • Mexican Revolution
  • Pancho Villa’s Army
  • Feats
  • Pancho Villa as governor of Chihuahua
  • Ideology
  • Motto
  • Parents
  • Wives
  • Sons
  • Pancho Villa’s horse
  • Phrases

Biography of Pancho Villa

His real name was José Doroteo Arango Arámbula and he was nicknamed ” Centauro del Norte “. He was born on June 5, 1876, in Durango, Mexico . His parents were Agustín Arango and Micaela Arámbula . As a child he worked in different activities and when he was young he became involved in gangs that were dedicated to stealing cattle and for this reason he was persecuted.

In 1910, he began to lead a band of bandits , with whom he joined Francisco Madero’s movement to overthrow Porfirio Díaz . In 1913 he joined Venustiano Carranza to fight Victoriano Huerta . In 1914, he joined Emiliano Zapata , but had to take refuge in Chihuahua. From the year 1916 it was attacked by the forces of the United States and those of Mexico.

In 1920, he signed peace with President Adolfo de la Huerta , and retired to Durango. However, the landowners had him assassinated. He was shot dead on July 20, 1923 in Hidalgo del Parral.

Death

Villa had retired to the Canutillo ranch where he worked in the fields. However, he was still regarded as a dangerous man. Unofficially, it is said that Álvaro Obregón and Plutarco Elías Calles were the conspirators in his death. On May 20, 1923 , he was assassinated on the corner of Gabino Barreda and Benito Juárez, in Parral.

What did Pancho Villa do

He first joined a group of bandits led by Ignacio Parra , then he joined the Maderista movement working as a guerrilla without a cause. He excelled as head of battles in San Andrés , Santa Isabel, Las Escobas etc., and participated in the battle of the city ​​of Juárez . He fought in Chihuahua and Durango, seizing the ranks of the federal north. He worked as the governor of Chihuahua .

Mexican Revolution

He is remembered as one of the main characters of the Mexican revolution . He managed to counter Wilson’s attack since Villa knew the place and its troops perfectly. After the triumph of the Mexican Revolution, Villa was in the irregular army and during the Pascual Orozco rebellion in 1912, the military leader Victoriano Huerta had strong suspicions against him and it was in fact who ordered him to be shot .

However, President Madero ordered the order suspended and that is why he was sent to prison, from where he escaped in November of that year and fled to the United States . After the coup d’état and the assassination of Madero, in 1913, Villa returned to the country, and dedicated himself to organizing an armed group that later became known as the famous Northern Division .

Pancho Villa’s Army

Pancho Villa’s army was the largest and strongest military division in the Constitutionalist army, and it won great victories during the Mexican Revolution . It was made up of townspeople, ranchers, cowboys, and people from the rural countryside of northern Mexico.

Feats

Some of his exploits were as follows:

  • He helped Carranza to defeat and expel the federal troops from Chihuahua.
  • Governor of Chihuahua was proclaimed .
  • He exiled foreigners on a refugee train.
  • He reorganized and reestablished the state.
  • He wrote laws for the same state with the help of some lawyers.
  • He founded more than 50 schools in the capital.

Pancho Villa as governor of Chihuahua

He was elected as provisional governor of Chihuahua for a short period of time. While he served as governor, he created banknotes , seized stores, and replaced corrupted merchants with honorable administrators, filled the cattle market on the estates in which he intervened; it lowered the prices of corn, beans and meat.

He also performed federal functions related to the railroads and removed many Spaniards from the state , reopened the Scientific and Literary Institute , decreed the establishment of the state bank, and founded more than thirty schools .

Ideology

Pancho Villa’s ideology came from his roots. He was a man who started a revolution of peasants like him, of miners and peons . He built an ideology from his life and his experiences . In principle its ideology is very simple: the given word must not be violated; widows must be protected ; the orphans must be given education and never betrays a compadre . He began a model of socialism in which the land of the haciendas and the prices of basic necessities were divided in half.

Motto

The motto that Pancho Villa used was ” Alcohol kills the poor and education saves them .” Pancho Villa drank alcohol and did not like it, in fact, when he arrived in a town he would have the canteens burned. He fought for education and as governor of Chihuahua different schools .

Parents

Pancho Villa’s parents were Don Agustín Arango and Maria Micaela Arámbula , both parents were of mixed origin . His parents were peons who had not had any education. Both parents died when Villa was a teenager.

Wives

He had many wives and concubines , and with many of them he managed to marry in the church . 23 different wives have been documented, but it is believed that he was married around 75 times . Some of his wives were:

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  • Pilar Escalona
  • Asuncion B.
  • Austreberta Renteria
  • Maria Amalia Baca
  • Manuela Casas
  • Soledad Seáñez Holguín
  • Maria Anaya.

Sons

Pancho Villa had a large number of children and some of them were dedicated to the military , acting , medicine , aviation and the law . Some of them are the following:

  • Reynalda Villa campa 1898
  • Felicitas Villa Delgado 1910
  • Micaela Villa Espinosa 1911
  • Luz Elena Villa Corral Feb 25, 1912
  • Esther and Francisco Villa Cardona 1912 (twins)
  • Agustín Villa Villaescusa 1912-1913
  • Octavio Villa Coss October 13, 1914
  • Ernesto Villa Ramírez 1916
  • Miguel Villa Seañes 1916
  • Celia Villa Peña January 28, 1915
  • Alicia Sandoval Núñez 1916
  • Francisco Carrasco 1917

Pancho Villa’s horse

Pancho Villa’s favorite horse was called Siete Leguas . In reality, she was a very strong, brave chestnut mare and was her favorite horse because she was also capable of traveling long distances , approximately up to 38 kilometers according to historians, hence the horse’s name.

Phrases

The most famous phrases of Pacho Villa are the following:

  • Do not believe that the fact that I have assumed this attitude of peace is because I cannot support myself. Villa can be sustained as long as it wants.
  • The equality does not exist or can exist. It is a lie that we can all be equal; each one must be given their rightful place.
  • I pay a teacher first than a general.
  • It is fair that we all aspire to be more, but also that we all stand up for our actions .
  • It would be great, I think, to help make Mexico a happy place.
  • There can be no dictator without his army.
  • I think I wish the government would set up a leather tanning factory, where we could make good saddles and bridles, because I know how to make them; the rest of the time I would like to work on my little farm, raising cattle and growing corn.
  • What would the world be like if we were all generals , if we were all capitalists, or if we were all poor?

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