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Painting techniques

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To carry out an adequate descriptive study of a certain work of art, it is of utmost importance to consider all the technical aspects and the materials with which the work could be made. Materials are all those tools with which the artist is capable of drawing , painting or sculpting . Then, we can understand by artistic painting technique , the sum of all the procedures and processes that are part of the construction of the work of art. These procedures are all different for each of the different artistic languages that exist.

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What are painting techniques?

The painting techniques are the different forms that are made specifically to apply the material to be used by the artist to create a particular work of art.

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  • Artistic painting techniques
  • Children’s painting techniques
  • Wall painting techniques

Artistic painting techniques

The artistic painting techniques are very varied and among them we have the following:

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  • Oil : this is the most well-known painting technique worldwide by professional and beginner artists, it is not a very difficult technique to conquer and many artists who practice it can capture it through their brushstrokes , their ideas, memories and activities. The most recognized ways that exist to apply oil are by means of a canvas , brushes and spatulas . It is a paint that does not last long to dry and its colors can be combined even on the same canvas and it is in short, a fairly versatile technique for anyone who wants to paint.
  • Watercolor – This is probably the most difficult technique to learn and put into practice . Use water-based paints that require careful preparation. In this technique, a special paper can be used as a support and you should be concerned that the paint does not dry or cut as it could produce unintentional stains that take away the beauty of the work and that at the same time are very difficult to hide.
  • Acrylic : this technique is quite similar to what we do when we paint with oil. Acrylic paint must dissolve in water and is fairly easy to apply. It has the advantage that, like oil, acrylic can be easily applied in one layer over another, making it able to easily rectify our works in the event of a mistake. In this technique we can also use the spatula in an interesting way to start with our works of art.
  • Charcoal and pastel : they are applied mainly on special paper , which allows the colors to be mixed on the support itself and can also be easily removed with a cloth, allowing us to create very interesting stain effects .
  • Sgraffito : it is a procedure that consists of making small incisions on the body of an object or wall , so that the lower layer is exposed , which is of another color. Templates are generally used to achieve repeating geometric patterns .
  • Encaustic : it is characterized by using wax as a binder of pigments , a mixture that has effects that cover a lot, it is dense and creamy . The paint is applied with a brush or with a hot spatula.

Children’s painting techniques

  • From 5 to 8 years: children should begin to know the colors and their mixtures by applying them in impressionist and expressionist paintings which are easy for younger children to interpret, since their brushstrokes are simple and their colors simple.
  • Ages 7 and 8: acrylic is being used as a second brush technique . You can also add painting techniques such as charcoal , pastel , watercolor , collage , etc. always adapting these techniques to your possibilities. At this stage the child learns to mix colors and techniques to make his first abstract paintings and learn different textures.
  • Age from 9 to 14 years: at these ages and depending on the teaching they already know the colors and mixtures , so it is taught by making pictures and drawings . With the older children we get to know all the painting techniques appropriate to their age with the exception of oil painting, a painting technique par excellence but toxic for children by its means. Since watercolor, charcoal, pastel, ink Chinese until material painting, it must be taught to learn the art techniques may be attached, respecting the particularity of each equipment .

Wall painting techniques

  • Sponge Technique : the paint is applied with a sponge by tapping the surface, achieving an optical effect of depth and volume . The sponge should be wetted and applied to the wall.
  • Mopping Technique : the paint is applied on the wall by means of a brush and then with the help of a crumpled cloth it is spread. It is special to use on imperfect surfaces. It is done with two people at the same time, while one paints, the other spreads the paint with the cloth.
  • Brush technique : the paint brush is wet and hit against another that is dry with the aim of splashing the wall with color.
  • Marbled Technique : it seeks to achieve a finish that imitates marble, it is quite laborious and first a layer of paint is applied on a smooth color and before it dries, a cloth is passed to avoid deformities in the paint , then using a brush, it is they draw irregular lines similar to those of marble.
  • Stucco technique : it is made with a paste of lime and marble , and it is a type of coating for smooth walls that forms different textures and that is generated by mixing materials such as plaster, marble powder, slaked lime and certain pigments.
  • Lacquered Technique : it is done with a varnish or enamel on the walls or furniture to give a smooth finish and soft to the touch. This wall painting technique is perhaps the most complicated to apply out there, since it requires a completely smooth wall without imperfections .
  • Cracking or Cracking Technique : it is used above all to paint wooden surfaces and give them an old effect.

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