Pablo Picasso


There have been many authors related to cubism over time , but Pablo Picasso always stands out as he is considered one of the most important exponents of the movement, in addition to having been the protagonist and creator of the various currents that revolutionized the plastic arts that emerged from the 20th century, ranging from cubism to neo-figurative sculpture , from engraving or etching to artisan ceramics.


Personal information

  • When was he born:  10/25/1881
  • Where he was born:  Málaga, Spain
  • When he died:  04/08/1973
  • Where he died:  Mougins, France

Who was Pablo Picasso?

Pablo Picasso was an artist recognized worldwide for being the most representative of the 20th century. Spanish painter , sculptor and engraver who was the greatest exponent and representative of cubism , a symbol of world art.


Biography of Pablo Picasso

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso, which is his full name, was born on October 25, 1881.  Son of José Ruiz Blasco and María Picasso López . In 1895, he moved to Barcelona , where he met painters such as Ramón Casas and Santiago Rusiñol and stayed to live in Spain.


His work had different stages in style , colors and motifs . His early works were inspired by artists such as Paul Gauguin , Edgar Degas, and Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec. Then he began his “blue period” , as it was the color he used the most and his paintings showed human misery , exhausted workers, beggars, alcoholics and prostitutes.

During his relationship with Fernande Olivier , Pablo Picasso changed the colors to pink, creating the “pink period . ” In 1906 he was influenced by Greek , Iberian and African art . The true consolidation as an artist began to dabble in the style that made him famous: cubism .

In the classical or Greco-Roman period he returned to the more traditional art and in the surrealist era he made distorted representations that evoked mythology ; and then move on to the expressionist era .


Pablo Picasso died in 1973 , when he was 91 years old, due to pulmonary edema . At the time of his death, he was at his home in Mougins , France . After his death, the local authorities did not allow him to be buried in the mansion and for this reason his wife Jacqueline buried him in the castle of Vauvenargues , where she too would be buried years later.


Picasso was considered an addict to women and from them he took his inspiration for the creation of his paintings. Among them we can mention:

  • Ángeles Méndez : he dedicated his first drawing to him.
  • Germaine : caused depression in him that he reflected using blue squares.
  • Fernande olivier
  • Eva : who was a source of inspiration in many of his cubist paintings.
  • Olga Pavlova
  • Marie Therese who committed suicide after the death of the artist.
  • Dora Maar was his second lover and his “Magdalena”.
  • Francoise Gilot with whom he had two children.
  • Jaqueline who was his last and most dominant love.


The children that Pablo Picasso had were:

  • Paul Joseph Picasso Koklova who was born on February 4, 1921 and died on June 5, 1975. He was the only son who remained with Picasso at all times, even during his marriage to Jacqueline Roque.
  • Maria de la Concepción Picasso who was born on September 5, 1935. They called her “Maya”.
  • Claude Pierre Pablo Picasso , who was the son of Françoise Gilot and Pablo Picasso and was a famous French-Spanish photographer, filmmaker, artist, graphic designer, and businessman.
  • Anne Paloma Picasso Gilot who was born on April 19, 1949 and was given her name in honor of the peace that had been painted by her father. She was a model, designer, dressmaker and businesswoman.


Pablo Picasso was the first son of José Ruiz y Blasco and María Picasso López . His father was a famous Spanish painter and art teacher and professor at the Provincial School of Fine Arts in Malaga. He specialized in landscapes, still lifes and pigeons.


The main characteristics of Pablo Picasso were the following:

  • He was one of the creators of Cubism .
  • He worked in drawing , engraving , sculpture, ceramics, and book illustration .
  • He began his paintings when he was only 10 years old .
  • His work had marked stages that were differentiated by style , colors and motifs .
  • His early works were marked by everyday impressions .
  • It was never limited to just one support , technique or style .

Pablo Picasso technique

One of his main techniques was the use of black and colored pencil with which he managed to give a touch of originality to his works. By means of the pencil he managed to give realism and blur spaces. His brushstrokes were soft and constant, thereby increasing the realism. Most of his works were made on canvas , he used watercolors , aquatint , drypoint and burnishing . He was a heterogeneous and very changeable artist . He also used ceramics and works on paper and in sculpture Cubist stood out for using bronze to give forms a three-dimensional figure.


There is no list of awards or recognitions that Pablo Picasso managed to win, but it is known that in 1962 he won the Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union.

Works by Pablo Picasso

Among his most important paintings we can mention:

  • The young ladies of Avignon : a painting in which he breaks with the canons of realism by reducing the work to angular planes, and forgetting the spatial perspective or the background. This painting is considered the beginning of modern art.
  • Guernica : an allusion to the bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. He only used black and white, and a wide range of grays. It represented a cry in the face of repression and violence.
  • The three musicians : a painting that marks the end of Synthetic Cubism to begin with Analytical Cubism, that is, a much more complex and even more abstract painting.
  • Portrait of Dora Maar : represents Pablo Picasso’s muse with whom he had a very prolific relationship.
  • Woman before the mirror : portrays a woman with an abstract shape, using rhombuses, circles and triangles. The model in the painting is Marie-Thérèse Walter who was a lover of Picasso.
  • Self-portrait : it was painted by the artist in 1896 and is part of one of the many times he painted his same portrait.
  • Las Meninas : he painted up to 58 paintings in honor of ‘Las Meninas’ by Velázquez.

Among his main sculptures we can mention the following:

  • Fernande’s Head , which is a sculptural portrait of his first companion Fernande Olivier.
  • Still life with jug and apples.
  • The NAP.


Within the importance that Pablo Picasso has had to current art, the influence that he had as a paradigm of modernity and as a kind of catalyst, through the introduction of non-Western sources to European art , of his different approaches with respect to to cultural hegemony , and also for his contributions to the debates regarding the value of painting and sculpture in contemporary artistic production .

He managed to introduce the three-dimensional into the two-dimensional , managing to end the monovision to create a multi vision in this way , managing to capture all the perspectives in a single object. He was the creator of Cubism , whose aesthetics has had an important impact on almost all European and American artists and the most important artistic movements since 1907.

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