The football , sport favorite for many around the world, is composed of a variety of rules and regulations that make it possible to enjoy the game and also makes your players to practice sport so orderly and fair . One of these rules is known as offside , a rule also considered an adequate strategy to keep the ball flowing with each play.


What is offside?

Offside is a football rule that allows proper order to be maintained in the game and that occurs when a player is in a more advanced position than the rest of the players on the field.



Offside is one of the rules of football and one of its fundamental principles that indicates that a player’s position is more advanced than all the players on the opposing team . It can also be defined as the position a player has when he is in the opponent’s half of the field , at the moment when any part of the player’s head , body or legs is closer to the goal line. goal than the ball , and that the penultimate of the opposing players who thereforeGeneral , it’s the doorman.


In other words, if the outfield player or the ball is not between the player and the goal line, then they are in an offside position. In order to apply this rule within the field of play, the referee must always be assisted by his assistant referees who are generally located parallel to the penultimate defender .


When football was born, there was not really any rule related to offside, however, noting that the players made a lot of doubtful plays , it was decided to create a new rule that would regulate the situation.


After the rule was established, Billy McCracken , a footballer, made it possible for FIFA to meet to discuss offside. At the beginning of football, what was known as offside was the overtaking of the last player when he received the ball, however, this changed since the attacks were given up to eight or more players in line.

By the end of the 19th century, the offside rule changed, and it applied when a player could receive the ball as long as less than three players from the opposing team were between the goal and the athlete. It was here that Billy thought that if only one player was behind, the opponent would then be offside.

In 1925, after several debates and many analyzes, the offside regulations were changed again, then, it occurred when a player was located closer to the opposite line of the ball and the penultimate opponent . Currently, offside occurs when an attacking player has part of his head , feet or part of the body closer to the goal line and to the last opposing player than the ball is and when.

When a player is offside

Currently, a player is offside when he is in the opponent’s half of the court and when any part of his head , body or legs is closer to the goal line. goal than the ball and the penultimate player of the opposing team. Usually this occurs between a player and the goalkeeper, for this reason, if the ball or another player is not between the ball carrier and the goal line, they will be out of play.

When an offside offense is committed

The offside offense occurs when the player is in an offside position but is not penalized despite this . This situation occurs when:

  • Interferes with play : in this situation, the player touches the ball that has been passed by one of his teammates.
  • Interferes with an opponent : occurs when the player does not touch the ball, but at the same time does not allow the opponent to play properly. This situation can occur when your vision is obstructed or when your movements are difficult.
  • Advantage is obtained : when a ball is played that has rebounded from the goal or from the body of a player from the opposing team, having previously been offside.

In the event that the player is out of fire but does not intentionally interfere with the play, the sanction is not applied. In other words, when the players do not commit any of the aforementioned offenses, then the referee will not blow the whistle allowing play to continue.

What is the penalty for offside

When an offside occurs, the sanction will be an indirect free kick which is taken from the place where the player who committed the foul was. The plays are invalidated from the moment the footballer touches the ball, therefore, it is important to mention that goals canceled for this reason are not part of the sanction. If the infraction is signaled and the player continues with the play, then the referee will proceed to penalize said player.

Tactical application

The tactical application of offside is a defensive technique used by sports teams with the aim of making spaces smaller . At the moment in which one of the players is advancing through the field of play and one of his teammates is ready to send the ball to him, the defenders must then advance in a synchronized way so that the attacker manages to position himself behind them when the The ball is hit, causing the attacker to move into the offside position when the pass is made.

Positional offside

Positional offside is a situation that occurs when a player is placed in front of the goalkeeper in order to prevent proper vision of the ball that has been played by his other teammates. It can also be done with the aim of preventing the player from reaching the ball.


In football, the offside rule turns out to be a highly controversial rule. This is because in the modern soccer game human errors can always occur which are not intentional, however with this rule, they will be sanctioned. This can lead to offside loss of opportunities for a team that may have been ready and in position to score a goal.

Another important aspect is that the assistant referees , who help determine the offside, are usually attentive to attacks and counterattacks and this can cause problems in determining whether or not there was actually an offside.

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