The reality can be seen differently by humans, one of the ways in which it can be seen , analyzed and studied is through objectivity , which the to the individual the great ability to understand and express the reality as it is, without your feelings intervening in your perception.
What is objectivity?
The objective is a term used to refer to the qualities of the object . It is the emission of different comments on a certain object or topic without the sensitivity of the person being able to interfere with thoughts .
- What does it consist of
- Characteristics of objectivity
- Objectivity of science
- Objectivity in psychology
What does it consist of
Objectivity is the means by which the individual has the ability to express the reality of which he is witness without interfering in his descriptions his feelings or affinities towards a thing, a situation or an individual. It consists then in observing and then indicating what is real, what exists and is not fictitious, nor is it the result of an internal feeling, which generates impartiality .
Characteristics of objectivity
Among the main characteristics of objectivity, the following aspects are mentioned:
- It is a quality that can be a bit difficult to put into practice since the human being in general has the ability to create criteria of a personal nature about what is true or false for him.
- It is closely related to ethics , honesty , equanimity , analysis, and epistemology .
- It can be applied to all kinds of activities that are carried out by humans.
- It is common to observe it in areas such as medicine , law , scientific experiments , journalism, and sports .
- It allows knowledge to be displayed in a neutral way.
- It does not take into account personal feelings or ideas , cultural roots or traditions .
- It can produce an effect of tranquility , peace and calm .
- It is also known by the name of fairness and honesty .
There are three types of objectivity that can be used, these are:
- Ontological objectivity : it refers to the own quality that a certain object possesses as well as everything that makes it up . It implies the real study of what is observed, leaving aside the cognitive aspects of the person who is in charge of carrying out the study or analysis.
- Epistemic objectivity : in this case, it is a description that depends mainly on the conceptualization of the object being studied. This type of objectivity is applied mainly in the field of science but it must be seen as the confidence that exists about the knowledge that is had in order to later be able to provide a theory that has validity.
- Ethical objectivity : in this case, it is directed directly to the set of values that are held and is made up of a series of impartial and impersonal theories with the aim of being able to create a distance between the individual and the subjectivity that may occur in a given situation.
Objectivity of science
In the field of science, objectivity can be seen as a property of various scientific aspects . It is then in charge of being able to express the idea that the affirmations , the methods that are used for scientific investigations and the scientific results that are obtained in the end are not, or should not be influenced by personal perspectives, by judgments of value, prejudices that may affect or benefit the community or mere personal interests, to name a few of the most important factors.
Objectivity in science is generally regarded as an ideal for scientific inquiry , a good reason to value scientific knowledge , and the basis for the authority of science in society. Science will then be considered as objective when it can discover and generalize a series of facts without taking into account the perspective of the scientist conducting the research.
Objectivity in psychology
In the field of psychology , objectivity is a bit difficult to practice taking into account that the human being and his behavior is governed mainly by thoughts and feelings , which are subjective. By not being able to make observations in psychological processes in the same way that one does in the observations of objects, it is essential to observe . It is a way in which the individual can be observed and analyzed in a neutral way, so objectivity in this branch is of vital importance.
Objectivity is an aspect of great importance mainly in scientific studies because scientific knowledge builds on itself and makes it possible for discoveries to have scientific bases . When there is a lack of objectivity in this field, there is a setback and significant damage to scientific progress , even if the person in charge has good intentions.
Although the answers are not what you want to obtain, objectivity is also important because it makes the individual speak the truth without having to interpose their feelings, this makes it possible for debates on different topics to be better founded in order to have true results that they are not affected by the ways of feeling or thinking.
Some examples of objectivity are mentioned below:
- In a trial , the judge should always be impartial regardless of your feelings. Your personal opinion should always be set aside at the time of sentencing .
- The news that is presented in the media in theory must be objective because they have the obligation to speak with the truth in order to inform.
- When a woman takes a pregnancy test and it comes out positive, there are no more discussions of the subject because it is a fact that she is expecting a baby.