Nicolás Bravo was one of the most important military and politicians in Mexico who in fact was considered one of the heroes who were part of the Mexican Revolution and who managed to reach the presidency of the country on three different occasions, between the years of 1939 and 1846.
- When was he born: 09/10/1786
- Where he was born: Chichihualco, Mexico
- When he died: 04/22/1854
- Where he died: Chichihualco, Mexico
Who was Nicolás Bravo?
Born in Chichihualco, Mexico, Nicolás Bravo was a famous politician and military man who achieved great recognition in his country thanks to his active participation in the Independence of Mexico. He was a man who became president of Mexico on three different occasions.
- What did
- Biography of Nicolás Bravo
- Performance in the War of Independence
- Political career
- Presidency of Nicolás Bravo
- What study
- Contributions of Nicolás Bravo
- Physical characteristics
- Quotes by Nicolás Bravo
Nicolás Bravo was a man who always fought to achieve the independence of the country. His military actions were a great support for the independence movement and he was a man with great military skills that gave him a very good reputation. He fought alongside José María Morelos , one of the most important leaders of the Independence of Mexico and arrested Ignacio López Rayón who had been in favor of the creation of a constitution similar to the North American one.
He also defended the city of Cóporo from the Spanish and fought for the Iguala Plan to be fulfilled . He defended the arrival of the viceroy of Spain and this was a key aspect of the country’s independence .
Biography of Nicolás Bravo
Nicolás Bravo was born on September 10, 1786 in the city of Chichihualco , a small town located in the State of Guerrero, Mexico . His family was financially stable and they were mainly engaged in activities related to agriculture . Many data of his childhood and youth were not recorded but at only 24 years old he made the decision to join the insurgent forces of his country, which were also led by his father.
Shortly afterwards he decided to join the ranks of Hermenegildo Galeana , who was in charge of leading the rebel side of the State of Morelos . It was in this way that he managed to increase his knowledge and skills as a soldier and made himself known in the military field thanks to his attitudes fully committed to independence.
After the war, he spent the last years with his wife on her farm in Chilpancingo . Very suspiciously he died at the side of his wife a 22 April of the year 1854 , for this reason, it is considered that both died poisoned at his ranch.
Performance in the War of Independence
His participation in the War of Independence was on the side of the insurgent side . He joined the cause since he was 24 years old and fought alongside his father. Shortly after, he decided to join Hermenegildo Galeana who was in charge of the rebel groups in the state of Morelos . He fought for eleven years in the fight for independence and was a trusted man for many of the war leaders.
His political career had its beginnings when Agustín de Iturbide was removed from power. Shortly afterwards, he was appointed as a candidate for the presidency to participate in the federal elections of 1824 . In the first elections he was overthrown by Guadalupe Victoria , and for this reason during this period he served as Vice President of the Republic .
Presidency of Nicolás Bravo
He was elected as president of the country on three different occasions and during his tenure he tried to break with the empire that had been imposed by Agustín de Iturbide. The first time he held the position of president was between July 11 and July 17, 1839.
Later he held the presidential position from October 26, 1842 to May 14, 1843 and finally from July 28, 1846 to August 6 of the same year. During his presidency, he also fought to eliminate the measures that had been imposed by Antonio López de Santa Anna , eliminated Congress and imprisoned several legislators .
There is no data that indicates that Nicolás Bravo received any kind of school, secondary or university education.
His ideology was mainly conservative .
Contributions of Nicolás Bravo
Some of his main contributions are mentioned below:
- He led the country’s army in the Battle of Chapultepec in Mexico City.
- He fought for the fulfillment of the Plan of Iguala .
- He managed to arrest Ignacio López Rayón .
- He actively participated in the fight for independence .
- He was considered one of the main leaders of Scottish Freemasonry .
He was a man with brown skin, long black eyes, a pointed and slightly large nose. His straight black hair, well defined eyebrows, a well defined chin and long sideburns.
He was characterized by having a very kind personality , he did not usually hold a grudge and was linked to the independence cause . He was a very determined man who had to show his strictest side to try to reduce the instability that arose in his country at the time.
His parents were Leonardo Bravo who was a military man in charge of defending independence and who was killed in one of the battles, and his mother Gertrudis Rueda de Bravo .
He maintained a sentimental relationship with María Antonieta Guevara y Muñiz , with whom he married shortly after.
There are no data on children sired by Nicolás Bravo.
Its importance lies in its effort to achieve the independence of Mexico , as it was part of the insurgent movement that took place in 1810. He fought alongside José María Morelos and managed to create a Congress to appoint the new president of the country.
Some of his recognitions were the following:
- He was named as Benemérito de la Patria.
- His name is inscribed in gold letters in the Chamber of Deputies .
- Some cities and towns are also named after him in his honor.
- Every night on September 15 , the President of Mexico is in charge of receiving the country’s flag from the military cadets . This act is carried out in the National Palace and is done under the painting of Nicolás Bravo in which you can see his act of forgiveness towards the Spanish who had been sentenced.
Quotes by Nicolás Bravo
Some of his best known phrases are mentioned below:
- It is time to consecrate the due cults to freedom , on altars that are clean of blood.
- That the laws do not become the martyrdom of customs , because the most recognized institutions are those that can faithfully portray them.
- The skill and perseverance are the best weapons of weakness.
- A fool will always find another even greater fool who will admire him.
- There can be no great difficulties when good will abounds .
- The minister must die richer in fame and benevolence instead of goods.
- The modesty turns out to be the most innocent of lies.
As a curious fact, Nicolás Bravo had a sudden death and almost at the same time as his wife, this situation spread the rumor that both had been poisoned . He forgave a group of Spaniards who had also been his father’s murderers . During the Battle of Chapultepec, which took place in 1847, he was a prisoner of war by the Americans after being captured.