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Neil Armstrong

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In the world of science and aeronautics there are many important personalities, however, the most remembered, mentioned and popular is undoubtedly Neil Armstrong , the first man who managed to reach the moon and walk on its surface.

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Personal information

  • When was he born: 08/05/1930
  • Where he was born: Wapakoneta, Ohio, United States
  • When he died: 08/25/2012
  • Where he died: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States

Who was Neil Armstrong?

Neil Armstrong was an important military man , educator , aerospace engineer , test pilot , and astronaut who made world history for having managed to walk on the surface of the moon.

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Biography of Neil Armstrong

Neil Armstrong was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio , on August 5, 1939 . In his childhood he was interested in aviation and during his youth he managed to achieve the goal. He worked as a pilot for the Navy of the United States and when he retired, began making arrangements to join the NASA where he initially worked as a pilot in various tests seeking to verify the ability of experimental aircraft . He was officially appointed as an astronaut in 1962 and his first mission was on the edge of Gemini 8.

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It was thanks to his effort and dedication that on July 16, 1969 , Neil Armstrong traveled on Apollo 11, thus becoming the first man to set foot on the surface of the moon . At the end of his astronaut career, Neil devoted himself to work as a professor at the University of Cincinnati.

Death

Neil Armstrong, the man in charge of taking one of the most important steps for humanity, died on Saturday , August 25, 2012.  In a press release issued by his family, it was reported that he had died due to a series of complications arising of a cardiovascular surgical procedure, specifically a cardiac bypass .

Education

His studies in elementary education were carried out at the Gates school located in Ohio . When he turned 17, Neil Armstrong began attending Purdue University, later graduating as an Aeronautical Engineer. In 1962, after working as a pilot in the armed forces, he decided to enter the training offered by NASA, thus becoming the first non-military astronaut in North America.

Neil Armstrong’s space race

Armstrong developed a special taste for flying when he was very young and fully dedicated himself to earning his pilot’s license when he was just 16 years old. In 1947, he decided to start studying aeronautical engineering , a career that he took at Purdue University , thanks to a scholarship that the US Navy had given him. Years later, he managed to join the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and worked as a test pilot and engineer.

In 1962 he managed to enter a specialized program for astronauts given by NASA and that is how he piloted his Gemini VIII mission for the first time with David Scott on March 16, 1966. Although they achieved the objective, they had to interrupt the mission due to technical problems returning to land 11 hours after starting.

In 1966 , on June 16 , he made his second special exploration in which he piloted a module, reaching the surface of the moon on July 20, 1969, thus taking his first step on the moon. Subsequently, he remained working for NASA and as a professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Cincinnati.

What is it famous for?

Neil Armstrong is famous worldwide for having been the first human being to reach the moon and walk on its surface collecting various samples of rocks and other elements to study them later on earth.

Relations

He married Janet Elizabeth Shearon , who was pursuing a degree in economics and whom he met at a fraternity party. The marriage took place on January 28, 1958 in Illinois. He later divorced and remarried Carol Held Knight .

Fathers

Neil Armstrong’s father was Stephen Koenig Armstrong, an auditor who worked for the American State, and his mother was Louise Engel.

Children

Together with Jane Elizabeth he had three children, Eric , Karen and Mark .

Acknowledgments to Neil Armstrong

In life, Neil Armstrong received a host of important accolades such as the Presidential Medal of Freedom .  He also received awards from the National Aeronautical Association , the Sylvanus Thayer Award, and the United States Congressional Gold Medal . In several important places in North America, he is part of the walks of honor such as the National Aviation Hall of Fame and the United States Astronauts . In addition, there is a lunar crater that bears his name in his honor just like an asteroid. Many streets, buildings and places around the United States have been named in his honor, and not only in North America, but in other parts of the world.

Many biographies have been written by famous authors in his honor and there was even a film called First Man which was once an Oscar winner. One of his last recognitions was made by the United States Navy , an oceanographic vessel named after him.

Importance

For many people in the world, Neil Armstrong was a true hero, as he was the one who made possible the idea that at some point man could inhabit outside the earth by setting foot and walking on the moon. He was a man who managed to raise expectations and beliefs in science and aeronautics and who made scientists think about all the possibilities of changing the world.

Presence in popular culture

Its main impact on popular culture has been seen in the futuristic imagination , in the cinematographic aesthetics in the consciousness of the human being about the possibilities that may exist beyond planet earth , an aspect that has been reflected in the large number of science films fiction that began to emerge after his great feat. It has motivated the creation of famous films and this is also how special effects were developed. It has been a source of inspiration for world-famous writers and painters , even being present in some fields of music .

Curiosities

Neil Armstrong was also a very intelligent man, a very lucky man, as he was able to survive several plane accidents and a fire that occurred in his home while he was sleeping. During the Gemini 8 mission, it was he who realized the problems that the ship presented and so he decided to use the re-entry rockets to slow the ship and make an emergency landing to the ground.

On his mission to the moon, he ate dehydrated food which was placed in colored bags and while walking on the moon, it is said that he used disposable diapers . It remained on the surface of the moon for more than 21 hours, however, most of the time it was inside a lunar module. Once he returned from the moon along with his companions, he was quarantined in case he had been infected by some type of lunar germ.

Neil Armstrong quotes

Some of the most recognized phrases mentioned by Neil Armstrong are the following:

  • A small step for man, a great step for humanity
  • The mystery creates the surprise
  • I did not feel like a giant, on the contrary, I felt like a dwarf
  • Research responds to finding out what is unknown
  • The arrival on the Moon served as a distraction to avoid a war.

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