Advertisement

Napoleon bonaparte

Advertisement

Napoleon Bonaparte was a military general who became the first emperor of France . His drive for military expansion was a world-changing decision. He was the first emperor of France considered one of the greatest and most important military leaders in the world. Napoleon revolutionized military organization and training , sponsored the Napoleonic Code , reorganized education, and established the lasting concordat with the papacy.

Advertisement

Personal information

Advertisement
  • When was he born:  08/15/1769
  • Where he was born:  Ajaccio, France
  • When he died:  05/05/1821
  • Where he died:  St. Helena, Great Britain

Who was Napoleon Bonaparte?

He was a military genius and an important statesman who managed to build a French empire , which gave his country solid structures of power with which they managed to end the political chaos that had previously generated in the region.

Advertisement
  • What did Napoleon Bonaparte do
  • Biography of Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Performance in the French Revolution
  • Conquests of Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Defeat
  • Exile
  • Death
  • Grave
  • Physical appearance
  • Personality
  • Politics
  • Fathers
  • Relations
  • Children
  • Brothers
  • Which countries did he invade
  • What study
  • Importance
  • Napoleon Bonaparte quotes
  • Curiosities
  • Napoleon Bonaparte in popular culture

What did Napoleon Bonaparte do

Napoleon Bonaparte was a man who managed to have in his hands practically all the control of western and central Europe . He did great military and governmental feats and was responsible for the creation of the Napoleonic code or as it is also known, the French Civil Code, which has become one of the most famous worldwide. He managed to carry out a coup that ended the directory to become the first consul of the French Republic and emperor of France in 1804.

Biography of Napoleon Bonaparte

Bonaparte was born in Corsica on August 15, 1769 . His family was part of the local nobility and his father, Carlo Buonaparte , was a lawyer who represented Corsica before the court of Louis XVI. He studied at the Brienne-le-Château military school and at the French Military School studying artillery. He was second lieutenant of artillery and served in the garrison of Valence and Auxonne.

During the French Revolution in 1789, he supported the Jacobin faction and was appointed second commander of the National Guard . He was also the first to use systems of telecommunication , the “Chappe semaphore line” in 1792. In 1793 he was General of Brigade , and in 1795 saved the National Convention of a Parisian insurrection.

He took command of the French Army which he successfully led in the invasion of the country and also restored slavery again , which had been abolished since 1794. He was defeated at the Battle of Leipzig on October 19, 1813, by an alliance led by England and they exiled him to the island of Elba .

Performance in the French Revolution

Bonaparte was just a young officer when the French Revolution began, he did not share the ideas of the monarchy and participated in the final stage of the revolution when he worked for the National Assembly as commander of the Paris militias, he was also commander of the armies that they were in charge of invading France in the First coalition that was against the revolution.

Conquests of Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte obtained many continental conquests , in the Netherlands , on the German coast of the North Sea , Catalonia, Piedmont, Genoa, Tuscany, Rome, Switzerland, Sweden, Poland, and it was through these conquests that he began to shape the arrival of the Empire .

Defeat

His last battle was at Waterloo in which he was defeated by the Duke of Wellington , and after which he was banished to the island of St. Helena . In the year 1814, Bonaparte, who had proclaimed himself emperor of France, had a collapse in his empire as he had too many battles to defeat him and many open fronts .

Exile

On April 6, 1814, Napoleon was forced to leave power and went into exile on the island of Elba, in the Mediterranean Sea , Italy . His exile did not last long and in March 1815 , he managed to escape the island by heading to Paris. King Louis XVIII fled and Napoleon returned to power in triumph . But Napoleon Bonaparte’s enthusiasm in returning to control of the government caused him to have fears about his leadership.

Death

Napoleon died on May 5, 1821 on the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean . His health had deteriorated and he was showing the first signs of a stomach ulcer or cancer . At the beginning of 1821 he was in bed very weak. In April of that year, he issued his last will saying: “I wish my ashes to rest on the banks of the Seine , in the middle of that French town that I have loved so much. I die before my time, assassinated by the English oligarchy and their hired killers .

Grave

Napoleon Bonaparte’s tomb is located in Paris , France , in the Dôme des Invalides . Originally a royal chapel built between 1677 and 1706.

Physical appearance

Many historians have obtained information that tells us that Napoleon had a thick and vigorous body frame . With a short neck , a large head , abundant dewlap , poor teeth and a prominent jaw . Many also said that he was small in size , with his head sunk between his shoulders, and that he was also overweight .

Personality

His personality was full of leadership, he was very intelligent , so much so that he managed to establish a series of successful military strategies . He had a great vision of triumph that allowed him to achieve victories on many occasions. He was, in fact, considered one of the greatest military geniuses in history. He was obsessed with accuracy , full of flexibility that allowed him to change his tactics depending on the circumstances, he had great moral strength , endurance , concentration and simplicity .

Politics

He was in charge of eliminating laws that did not work and imposed some more functional and easy to follow. He established the Napoleonic Code in 1804 with which he assured the individual rights and freedoms of citizens. He reformed the educational system so that children had access to education and founded the lyceums , where the children remained interned studying. He also reformed the government and administration through a system of prefectures . It eliminated the different unions and gave special importance to public health .

Fathers

His parents were Carlos Bonaparte and María Ramolino.

Relations

Napoleon Bonaparte married Joséphine de Beauharnais , who was the widow of General Alexandre de Beauharnais who had been guillotined during the reign of terror and who was the mother of two children, on March 9, 1796 in a civil ceremony . Joséphine could not give Napoleon any children, so in 1810, Napoleon ordered the annulment of his marriage in order to marry Marie-Louise , the daughter of the Emperor of Austria, who was only 18 years old. The couple had a son whom they named Napoleon II and who was the King of Rome on March 20, 1811.

Children

Bonaparte only had a legitimate son , Francisco Carlos José Bonaparte who was known as Napoleon II, the result of his marriage to the Austrian princess, Maria Teresa , daughter of Emperor Francisco I. When he was married in his first marriage, he had an affair with María Walewska with whom he had an illegitimate son named León .

Brothers

The parents of Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France had nine children, who were:

  • Lewis
  • Joseph
  • Luciano
  • Paulina
  • Carolina
  • Napoleon
  • Elisa
  • Eugenio and
  • Jerome

Which countries did he invade

Following the main characteristic and objective, that of achieving a great territorial expansion, Napoleon Bonaparte managed to invade from Egypt on its southern side, to Russia . He managed to invade some territories of the Austrian empire, in the region of the Netherlands.  He also achieved different victories in the Italian territory, Egypt, Syria, Austria, Prussia, Portugal .

What study

He was not an excellent student and he only liked mathematics , however he devoted himself to reading works of classical literature , works that greatly influenced his spirit. As a young man, he went to study at the French military school in Brienne-le-Château when he was only 10 years old. He learned French and graduated in 1784, then was admitted to the École Royale Militaire in Paris where he studied artillery .

Importance

Napoleon Bonaparte was of great importance to the world because it was he who managed to establish universal suffrage and managed to annul the Bill of Rights.  He integrated the royalists again and reestablished Catholic worship through the Concordat of 1801. He maintained control of public order by instituting new reforms such as the Civil Code . It introduced the Commercial Code in 1807 and a Penal Code in 1810. It proclaimed the right to property , equality before the law, individual freedom , of conscience and work, and free access to public office..

He managed to carry out an adequate administrative restructuring through the prefects and the state councils in the different government agencies . In addition, Bonaparte established public education and the homologation of the language .

Napoleon Bonaparte quotes

Some of his most important phrases were:

  • The ability is nothing without opportunity.
  • There is no distance that cannot be traveled and no goal that cannot be reached.
  • The imagination rules the world.
  • The courage not have the strength to keep going – it’s going when you do not have the strength.
  • As a rule, it is circumstances that make men.
  • It is necessary to sow for the future.
  • leader is a distributor of hope.
  • There are only two forces in the world, the sword and the spirit . In the long run, the sword will always be conquered by the spirit.
  • The truest wisdom is determined determination.

Curiosities

Some of the most outstanding curiosities of Napoleon Bonaparte were:

  • He was known by the nickname of Nabulio by his relatives and close friends.
  • He suffered from ailurophobia , in other words, he had a phobia of cats.
  • Although many believe that he was short , the reality is that he was 70 centimeters tall, a height that was very normal at the time.
  • I had to give his name to a pig was illegal throughout France, a fact that still gives today.
  • His favorite game was chess and he liked to wear simple clothes , so he would go unnoticed in the crowd.
  • The wife of Napoleon Marie Josephe Rose called Taschers of Pagerie but he decided to change the name to Joséphine de Beauharnais.
  • He was a superstitious and romantic man at the same time.

Napoleon Bonaparte in popular culture

Among the films that have been made in popular culture regarding Napoleon Bonaparte we can mention the following:

  • Napoléon, Bébé et les Cosaques by Louis Feuillade
  • Napoleon is to blame for Curt Goetz
  • War and Peace by King Vidor
  • Waterloo by Sergei Bondarchuk
  • Napoleon and Josephine: A Love Story by Richard T. Heffron
  • Napoleon: The Last Battle of Antoine de Caunes

A large number of books have also been written regarding his life, including:

  • Napoleon’s Campaigns by David Chandler
  • Napoleon by Max Gallo
  • Napoleon, The Art of War.

Leave a Comment