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Modern architecture

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Although nature is something beautiful , urban landscapes at some point also end up being it. The large buildings with shapes eccentric and innovative are captivating sight, becoming true works of art.

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What is modern architecture?

The modern architecture , which is often confused a lot with the modernist ; it simply refers to a set of currents or styles that, as its name indicates, are found within architecture , which has been formed since the 20th century in every corner of the world. This style is taken as a “new” concept which has taken the best of each architectural style, adapting it to this century , thus achieving true habitable pieces of art.

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What does it consist of

The modern architecture is a style totally simplified with respect to the forms for its part lacks any kind of ornamenta consciously since it inherently related to classical compositions as Roman , similarly has substituted aesthetics which intertwines with other styles of this century.

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At the same time, it has included the use of new materials such as reinforced concrete and steel structures , as well as the use of new technologies to project and build “prototypes” of the building at no cost to understand the final finish of the building.

Characteristics of modern architecture

Among the  main characteristics  of modern architecture are:

  • They become practically emblems within the cities where they are found.
  • They are generally requested by large companies to house all their administrative part.
  • Each construction of this architectural style far exceeds $ 5 million in construction costs.
  • It is made up mostly of straight and flat lines and angles.
  • It incorporates “new” materials that were not used for construction in the past.
  • The architects who design these structures are considered true artists.

Background

Among the different antecedents that make up modern architecture are:

  • “Belle époque” and “Fin de siècle” : Modernism .
  • The First World War : Neoplasticism and Expressionism .
  • Interwar period , totalitarianism and impact of the avant-garde: « Art deco».
  • In England : Arts and Crafts.
  • In France , Belgium , Austria , Italnia , Spain : « Modernism » and its labels.
  • In Germany : Werkbund and Bauhaus .
  • In the United States : ” Balloonframe ” and Chicago School.

Story

Modern architecture begins to develop from the second half of the twentieth century . It is at this time that critical alternatives begin to emerge that give rise to new forms of architecture. This continued until the end of the 20th century when currents emerged around the world that began to wonder what modernity really was . Thus arises deconstructivism and postmodern architecture and gives way to the 21st century whose architecture is characterized by both the abundance and the variety of works, styles and creators.

Styles of modern architecture

First half century

  • Modern architecture
  • Neoplasticism
  • Art deco
  • Bauhaus school
  • Russian constructivism
  • Architecture of totalitarianisms or architecture of dictators
  • Stalinist architecture (in: Stalinistarchitecture Moscow Metro)
  • Fascist architecture
  • Nazi architecture
  • Neo Herrerian, imperial or national Catholic (in the Spanish postwar period – in Francoism / Architecture-)
  • Functionalism (architecture)
  • Architectural rationalism
  • Organic architecture
  • International Style
  • Neo-empiricism

Second half of the century to the present:

  • Neo-formalism
  • Brutalist architecture
  • Postmodern architecture
  • Deconstructivist architecture
  • High Tech Architecture
  • Sustainable architecture sustainable design
  • Computer aided design (CAD or CAO)

Materials

Among the most used materials in modern construction are reinforced concrete , which is a kind of sand- based material and a chemical compound which is poured into columns created by beam structures (large iron bars) in where it hardens and gives total stability to the structure. At the same time, they also begin to work with steel structures, which are much lighter and more moldable than iron.

Buildings

Among the most outstanding buildings of modern architecture are:

  • The White Towers.
  • The Portland Building.
  • The AT&T building.
  • The Lloyd’s building.
  • The HSBC building.
  • The Lake Shore Drive apartments.
  • The Woolworth Building.
  • The twin towers.

Drawings

Over time, the world has evolved in such a way that everything today is simplified, and architecture is not far behind. Currently all architectural designs are made through programs that even show simulations of how the architectural works will look once they are finished.

Plays

Among the works of modern architecture in the world are:

  • The Fagus Factory (1911-25) Alfeld on the Leine.
  • The Bauhaus School Building (1925) in Dessau.
  • Lovell House  (1929) Los Angeles.
  • Villa Savoie (1929-30) Poissy-sur-Seine.
  • Lake Shore Drive Apartments (1948-51) Chicago.
  • The Graduate Center (1950) Harvard University.
  • Seagram Building (1954-58) New York.
  • Inland Steel Building (1957) Chicago.
  • Bio-home for convalescent children  (1960) Arnhem.
  • Dominion Bank Tower (1967-91) Toronto.
  • Lake Point Tower (1968), Chicago.
  • John Hancock Center (1969) Chicago.
  • IBM Building (1971) (now 330 North Wabash) New York.
  • Sears / Willis Tower (1974) Chicago.

Representatives of modern architecture

Among the representatives of modern architecture in the world are:

  • Skidmore.
  • Owings & Merrill.
  • Mies van der Rohe.
  • George Schipporeit.
  • John Heinrich.
  • Oud.
  • Mies van der Rohe.
  • Philip Johnson.
  • Gropius.
  • Mies van der Rohe.
  • Le Corbusier.

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